The International Olympic Committee (IOC) announced this month that athletes are barred from making political statements at Olympic events. It said banned actions can include making hand signs and bending down on one knee during medal ceremonies and competition.
The warning came as part of new guidelines for rule 50 of the Olympic Charter – the set of rules governing the Olympic movement. The guidelines state: It is a fundamental principle that sport is neutral and must be separate from political, religious or any other type of interference.
The president of the IOC, Thomas Bach, noted: The eyes of the world will be on the athletes and the Olympic games. The Associated Press reported his comments.
Kirsty Coventry is head of the IOC Athletes' Commission. She said the goal of the announcement is to bring clarity to an issue that been around for a long time.
Other areas where political statements are not permitted include the field of play, at the Olympic village and during the opening and closing ceremonies.
The IOC added that athletes may "express their opinions" at press conferences, in team meetings and on digital media while observing local laws.
Last year, two athletes from the United States used medal ceremonies at the Pan American Games to make what U.S. officials considered political statements. The head of the U.S. Olympic and Paralympic Committee criticized Gwen Berry, who specializes in the hammer throw, and fencer Race Imboden. The two were ordered on probation for 12 months for their actions at the games in Lima, Peru.
Possibly the most famous example of athletes making political statements came at the 1968 Mexico City Olympic Games. U.S. track and field medalists Tommie Smith and John Carlos each raised one fist in the air in what many thought to be a sign of black power.
The IOC barred the two from competing for the remainder of the Mexico City Games.
1.bar... from... 阻止/禁止……做……
An election will be risky for Mr Gbagbo, who would be unlikely to win a fair contest; both his main rivals were barred from running when he was elected in 2000.
大选对于巴博而言是有风险的，他不可能通过公平竞争来获胜 。 2000年他是在其两个主要对手均被禁止参选的情况下才当选的 。
2.neutral adj. 中立的
Let's meet on neutral territory.
此次警示是奥林匹克宪章第50条规定新指导方针的部分内容——这套规定管制着奥运会的运动 。指导方针指出：一条根本原则是——运动是中立的，必须要与政治、宗教等各种类型的干预分割开来 。
IOC主席托马斯·巴赫表示，世界上有许多双眼睛都在关注运动员和奥林匹克运动 。美联社报道了他的言论 。
柯丝蒂·考文垂是国际奥委会运动员委员会的负责人 。她表示，这次宣布的目的是澄清一个长期存在的问题 。
去年，2名来自美国的运动员在泛美运动会的颁奖仪式上做出了让美国工作人员视为政治性言论的话语 。美国奥林匹克和残奥委员会的负责人谴责了链球运动员格温·贝瑞和击剑运动员瑞斯·伊姆博登 。这2人被勒令为他们在秘鲁利马运动会上的所作所为而缓刑12个月 。
或许历史上运动员表达政治立场最出名的例子发生于1968年，地点在墨西哥城奥运会 。美国田径奖牌获得者汤米·史密斯和约翰·卡洛斯两人都在空中举起了一个拳头，很多人认为这代表着黑人权力 。