VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):大多数美国人支持对富豪征税
日期:2020-01-30 07:57

(单词翻译:单击)

Ph&hz4sn2=aiohRZ;)t

听力文本

-RRO|mS@jQyIZH=V

Study: Majority of Americans Support Wealth Tax on Very Rich
The idea of setting up a wealth tax to target the richest Americans has created a lot of debate in the United States.
President Donald Trump calls it socialism. But Senators Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders have expressed support for the idea. Both senators are seeking the Democratic Party's presidential nomination.
And many Americans seem to agree with calls for a wealth tax. A new survey found that nearly two-thirds of those questioned said the very rich should pay more.
Researchers questioned over 4,400 people. Nearly 64 percent agreed with the statement that "the very rich should contribute an extra share of their total wealth each year to support public programs."
Support for the idea among people who identified themselves as Democrats was strong, at 77 percent. A majority of those allied with Trump's Republican Party, 53 percent, also agreed with the idea.
A wealth tax is based on how much money an individual has as well as shares of stock, bonds and other investments, including land. It is separate from an income tax, which taxes wages, as well as interest and dividends from investments.
In the Reuters/Ipsos poll, people were asked if "the very rich should be allowed to keep the money they have, even if that means increasing inequality." More than half of those questioned, 54 percent of people, disagreed with that statement.
"Rich people have a right to (spend) their money...worldwide cruises or whatever," said Esin Zimmerman of Madison, Minnesota. She is a lifelong member of the Republican party who wants higher taxes for the wealthy. "That money could be used in other ways that help people," she noted.
Zimmerman said she would support a wealth tax that would help pay for government programs for former armed forces members, or help single parents with young children.
The poll results may show how the economic changes of the past 20 years, from globalization to the financial crisis, have shaped ideas about economic policy.
Another poll showed that worries about the rich paying too little decreased through the 1990s and early 2000s when the country was doing well economically.
But since the crisis years of 2007 to 2009, worries about uncontrolled wealth have risen from 55 percent to more than 60 percent.
The Reuters/Ipsos poll results show there may be an even stronger support for a yearly tax on total wealth, not just income. Senators Warren and Sanders have spoken up for the idea as a way to help pay for large social programs. They also believe it is a way to end the continued rise in the amount of wealth held by the richest Americans.
The poll also points to changing ideas about "keeping what you earn."
That idea got a lot of criticism. About 35 percent of Republicans disagreed with the statement, as did 71 percent of Democrats. About 56 percent of Republicans agreed that the very rich should keep what they earn without considering inequality.
Reporters working for Reuters contacted some of the Republicans who answered questions. They said they did not think a wealth tax conflicted with their party beliefs or their support for President Trump.
Kathy Herron is a Republican who lives in Santa Rosa, California. She said she supports Trump for his policies on illegal immigration. She believes he should support higher taxes on rich Americans. "We are taxed from one end to the other, and it just seems the rich don't pay their share," she said.
I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.financial crisis 金融危机

S&RNh0YS~LB@68

The government predicates that the market collapse was caused by Asian financial crisis.
政府宣布市场不景气是由于亚洲金融危机而引起的*~9hw(PNJK5CN

2.illegal immigration 非法移民

XZrU21CkQ]#vyZ8(x

Illegal immigration poses a particular challenge.
非法入境者的统计也是一大挑战*!Wd]r%R,7

3.wealth tax 富人税

G1bPZ#wqlews]a8i%9im

Unlike France, Belgium has no wealth tax.
比利时与法国不一样,没有财富税Ix3E6pr&xI

4.set up 建立

(eckM]sBpm;qy

This theatre is set up for children.
这座剧院是为儿童设置的md^^Y)or|b0S

5.More than half of those questioned, 54 percent of people, disagreed with that statement.

More than half 超过半数的

7i.wDe#&6+-nX4G1

More than half the workers and staff members in this mill are women.
这个工厂过半数的职工是妇女210S.fYHM~2S6
Rice is the staple food of more than half the world's population
稻米是全世界一半以上人口的主食ED[WZ4HL!x)0t

6.The idea of setting up a wealth tax to target the richest Americans has created a lot of debate in the United States.

a lot of 大量的

veJP!B,j~kg8T%

I think a lot of people still underestimate him.
我觉得很多人仍然低估了他i2qj2z_1PQ
You've caused us a lot of trouble.
你给我们造成了很多麻烦hxJ)C_u|@7V&OmO

参考译文

_#Jv,ti4ncq

大多数美国人支持对富豪征税
针对美国富豪征收的财富税的想法在美国引发了大量争论cXud|wDgy+
特朗普总统称其为社会主义yIZ;~cGQPy1。但是参议员伊丽莎白·沃伦和伯尼·桑德斯表示支持这一想法h8m4VJSWVw8(sDsJ。这两位参议员都在寻求民主党内总统提名mRr^xoLJ%ieji~Aq3E2
许多美国人似乎都同意征收财富税cYnI^c]pFAh!9IMF。一项新调查发现,近三分之二的受访者表示,巨富们应该支付更多税收e6Rwk]P1r=4&;P,V_HG
研究人员调查了4400多人y&J(4r;M+C。近64%的受访者认为:“巨富阶层每年应该贡献其总财富的一部分来支持公共项目9I8E@,a#q7&c4B。”
自称民主党人的人士对这种想法的支持率很高,达到77%YtTly88,|bp。与特朗普所属共和党有密切关系的大多数人士也支持这一想法,比例达到53%Yjwer=l&Xk;GK4sX8%)^

f*2Migb*,M

大多数美国人支持对富豪征税.jpg
财富税是基于个人拥有的资金、股票、债券以及包括土地在内的其它投资来计算的I8MQeLNq[H5。它与所得税是分离的,后者是根据工资以及投资的利息和股息征税-iC)EpMYm0p
据路透社/益普索的民意调查显示,人们被问到“是否应该允许巨富阶层保留他们的财富,即使这意味着加剧不平等C4xm+jACq49FO。”超过半数(54%)的受访者不同意这种说法^Fj[Qd094OyQsUZS2
明尼苏达州麦迪逊市的伊辛·齐默尔曼表示:“富人有权花钱环游世界或者做任何事情WzEPT=8..gFN。”她是共和党的终生党员,她希望提高富人的税收r0chZpr*t=l.o|Y;,;T。她说:“这些钱可以通过其它方式帮助别人Bp8xx7wNM1G+0S。”
齐默尔曼表示,她支持征收财富税,这将有助于支付退伍军人政府项目的费用,或帮助抚养年幼子女的单亲家庭(,DWry,qX=6
该调查结果可能表明,从全球化到金融危机,过去20年的经济变化如何塑造了人们对经济政策的观念+3urEUy_8FoV8pi2y
另一项民意调查显示,20世纪90年代和21世纪初期美国经济状况良好时,人们对富人纳税太少的担忧有所缓解dn)Q1g5,H@-MC(P*f0H
但是从2007年到2009年的金融危机以来,人们对不平等财富的担忧已经从55%上升到60%3PaqqiQIk5zxso4s
路透社/益普索的民意调查结果显示,人们可能更加支持对年度总财富而不是对收入进行征税9r3[lPt0kgpuX-w。参议员沃伦和桑德斯都表示支持这一想法,用以支付大型社会项目的费用5XTntiHyR-~|;。他们还认为,这是结束美国最富有人士财富持续增长的一种方式B6AD|V0p%uF
该民意调查还指出了人们对“保留收入”的观念正在转变Zj5cL0[lwjD
这种观念招致很多争议Sb*z8^II],3*UbcFGSPl。大约35%的共和党人不同意这种说法,而民主党人有71%不同意这种说法TyD#oYfIi9gt|QA@e,T。大约56%的共和党人认为巨富阶层应该保留其收入,无需考虑收入不平等2H*dUtTs,=k
路透社记者联系了一些接受调查的共和党人tYBSDQgVZw5W3FEhE。他们表示,他们认为财富税和他们的党派信仰或对特朗普总统的支持不冲突uFWiTwLsZKo
凯西·赫伦是一位居住在加州圣罗莎的共和党人iSYUqhrG+8。她说,她支持特朗普总统的非法移民政策,#|Doe,DIDf!dMtFs+%s。她认为特朗普总统应该支持提高对美国富人的税收C8&#pepiljg。她说:“我们从头到尾都被征税,而富人们看起来没有支付他们的份额fUttS&_c2U。”
苏珊·尚德为您播报O4^|;Qp09x|_W

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

i-vBbAREht8yA~iNS3d51Hn4%zu]GV]5,=(ypT4HGk;J
分享到