VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):食用大麻或带来"意外之灾"
日期:2020-01-13 11:22

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Edible Cannabis Use May Carry Unexpected Risks
Experts warn there could be unexpected health risks from eating foods containing the drug cannabis. Those risks include accidental overdose, children eating them accidentally and unexpected effects in older adults.
The commentary by doctors Lawrence Loh and Jasleen K. Grewaland appeared in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Loh is with the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto. He said, "What we really want the public to know is that legal doesn't mean safe. People need to know that how they react will depend on the manner cannabis is consumed, the amount that is consumed and the person's own metabolism..."
Loh said it can take hours for the cannabis high to take effect if the drug is eaten instead of smoked. So, he said, people might eat more of the cannabis as they wait for the high to happen.
While a cannabis overdose will not kill you, it can be unpleasant, Loh said. He added, "We suggest people start with a low dose and go slow."
Loh and Grewaland also advise older adults be extra careful with edible cannabis. They could be at greater risk for falls and injury, especially those who are not used to the drug's effects.
Loh also warns that adults should be mindful that edible cannabis products might interest children. Loh said the drugs should be stored carefully "to make sure kids can't get into it."
Loh and Grewaland also suggest that doctors add questions about cannabis to those they usually ask a patient, so they can offer education and advice.
A warning such as this one "is really important," said Dr. Michael Lynch. He is medical director of the Pittsburgh Poison Center and with the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine in Pennsylvania.
Lynch said the risk of dying from an overdose is low. But he added that the risks of medical problems or injury is very real. "The greatest risk is to the young and the old," he said.
Lynch said those who overdose would be at risk for falls, vomiting and weakness.
An increase in heart rate and blood pressure could also be more of a problem for older people, Lynch said.
He added, "People need to be educated about the risk so these outcomes can be avoided."
I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

1.heart rate 心率

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We all know that when we exert ourselves our heart rate increases.
我们都知道太卖命了会导致心跳加速9m3[.kL5[Jb4E

2.blood pressure 血压

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Prime Minister Pavlov had been taken ill with high blood pressure.
总理帕夫洛夫因患高血压病倒了2FP;@F6[iWzO;YFp4

3.health risks 健康风险

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We need to increase public awareness of the health risks.
我们需要提高大众的健康风险意识L7EKq7PgQ~jaClQ9

4.depend on 取决于

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Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.
穷人和残疾人依靠政府的救济维持生计yOoo&1YA,D|n

5.Loh said it can take hours for the cannabis high to take effect if the drug is eaten instead of smoked.

take effect 生效;起作用

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The traffic laws don't take effect until the end of the year
交通法要到年底才生效K)N5A+b6a!^u]oQ
The prescribed medicine failed to take effect.
医生开的那药没有效果x)|2el(f.pdClA.

6.Lynch said those who overdose would be at risk for falls, vomiting and weakness.

at risk 处于危险中

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If they have the virus they are putting patients at risk.
如果他们有这种病毒,就会将病人置于危险境地pM]ZG3^Q#Q2V=RjsHgu
Their lack of training could put members of the public at risk.
他们缺乏训练,这有可能会使民众面临风险Bi[BH4-@E-P#GGJ3I

参考译文

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食用大麻或带来“意外之灾”
专家警告称,食用含有大麻的食物可能会带来意想不到的健康风险Tr2U3|smp)CTL+。这些风险包括意外过量摄入、儿童误食以及对老年人的意外影响BvyFqh.k&@~ts#]XDjY
医生劳伦斯·罗(Lawrence Loh)和贾斯林·格雷瓦兰(Jasleen K. Grewaland)的评论发表在《加拿大医学协会杂志》上mUGI.w1T;-K
罗就职于多伦多大学达拉拉纳公共卫生学院q.-Qg+[4WRw5Ao。他说:“我们真正想让公众知道的是,合法并不意味着安全+HF9%gOsg2t),oAxOz。人们需要知道,他们的反应将取决于吸食大麻的方式、摄入量以及自身的代谢能力……”
罗表示,如果是食用大麻而不是吸食,大麻兴奋的效果可能需要数小时lQlbU;@72jv#d。所以,他指出,人们在等待兴奋到来的时候可能会食用更多的大麻plXG[6X]zM[Y4otCQO0]

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食用大麻或带来“意外之灾”.jpg
罗还指出,虽然过量吸食大麻不会致命,但也会让人不适#)I[[@lU=e1h]G9;j1。他补充说,“我们建议从低剂量开始,慢慢来&[b)fEs^9BX(lM。”
罗和格雷瓦兰还建议,老年人食用大麻时要格外谨慎bDfwebKetBUBz-。他们摔倒和受伤的风险更大,尤其是那些不适应大麻效力的人&~s;QHB,tJA8yVT
罗还警告称,成年人应该注意,可食用的大麻产品可能会引起儿童的兴趣&d2ird#GGlh;UbyG_~D。罗指出,大麻应该谨慎放置,“以确保孩子们不会接触到o-HRE;Y_TyYFL~Y。”
罗和格雷瓦兰还建议,医生在通常询问病人的问题中加入有关大麻类的问题,这样他们就可以提供教育和建议+Izz#QxE!&1UMEj]z~J-
迈克尔·林奇(Michael Lynch)医生指出,这样的警告“真的很重要”o*xWL_orRhlfRU.n8D。他是匹兹堡毒药中心的医学主任,并任职于宾夕法尼亚州匹兹堡大学医学院+EZG,,yyZ;
林奇表示,死于服药过量的风险很低Dlf[;!#m0ADuQ。但他补充说,医疗问题或受伤的风险是非常现实的6Pyd0D7NjNM。他说,“最大的风险在于年轻人和老年人31;.tAkJrira。”
林奇称,服用过量的人有摔倒、呕吐和虚弱的风险AL,^h0[*H5|2bJk
心率和血压的升高对老年人来说可能是个更严重的问题bD~cA~G]26ikwtZ*-X
他补充说,“人们需要了解风险,才能避免这些后果c*K.vO=wZEREQak@L。”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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