VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):脸书逾2.6亿用户资料外泄
日期:2019-12-29 17:24

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Researcher Finds Unsecured Information on Millions of Facebook Users
A Ukrainian security researcher has reported finding a database with the information of more than 267 million Facebook users on the open internet, the Associated Press reports.
The data includes names, phone numbers and other identifying information. Nearly all of the users were based in the United States.
Bob Diachenko is an independent security researcher in Kyiv. He told the Associated Press, or AP, that criminals likely collected this data.
Diachenko said he discovered the database using a search engine. The database was freely accessible on the internet for at least 10 days beginning on December 4. He informed the internet provider which hosted the database on December 14 when he found it. Five days later it was no longer available.
Diachenko said someone downloaded the database to a special group website two days before he discovered it. Hackers, or people who secretly get access to computer systems in order to get information or cause damage, use that website. So the database may have been shared among criminals.
Paul Bischoff runs the British technology news website Comparitech. It partnered with Diachenko to report his findings earlier this month. Bischoff has been writing about Diachenko's discoveries of unsecured databases for about a year.
The researcher provided the AP with 10 examples from the database. This included unique user identifications, or IDs, and two phone numbers that were answered, all of which were linked to real Facebook users.
The evidence suggests it was most likely criminals in Vietnam who illegally collected the data. They may have "scraped" it from public Facebook pages or by somehow getting special, high-level access to the service. Scraping is automated data-gathering done by computer programs. A small part of the database includes details on Vietnam-based users.
Diachenko said he did not share the database with Facebook, which did not directly confirm the finding. In a statement, representatives for the social media company said it was investigating the issue. They wrote that the finding "likely" involved information gathered before Facebook took some data-protection measures in recent years. The company did not say what those measures were.
In 2018, the company stopped permitting users to search for one another using their phone numbers. It did so after news spread that the political agency Cambridge Analytica had accessed information on up to 87 million Facebook users without their knowledge or permission.
Diachenko said he had not confirmed when the data was collected. He said all the records appeared to be from January to June of 2019. He added that it was unclear who created them.
Security experts say the affected Facebook users are at higher risk of facing password-stealing attacks and identity stealing attempts. The information can be matched with physical and email addresses and other data collected illegally. Facebook user IDs are unique numbers linked with individual accounts.
In September, the news site TechCrunch reported that a researcher found Facebook IDs and phone numbers for more than 400 million users online.
In March, Facebook admitted that it had left hundreds of millions of user passwords readable by its employees for years after a security researcher reported on it.
I'm Pete Musto.

重点解析

1.no longer 不再

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They no longer had him as a friend.
他们再也不把他看成朋友了1u]x)W2n=sO

2.search for 寻找

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His confronting me forced me to search for the answers.
他对我的当面质询迫使我思索如何作答^npUE0Tbw+fsADmT|A*

3.search engine 搜索引擎

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Do you want the search engine to see every page on your website?
你是否希望搜索引擎能看到你网站上的每一页面?

4.get access to 获取

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One thing not to take for granted, even for firms with strong balance-sheets, is that they will get access to external capital.
甚至对资产雄厚的企业来说,获得外部资本也不是件唾手可得的事了%YuUAw;wYMlK)LkuU-F7

5.In March, Facebook admitted that it had left hundreds of millions of user passwords readable by its employees for years after a security researcher reported on it.

hundreds of millions of 数亿的

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The floods made hundreds of millions of people lose their homes, relatives and friends.
洪水使成千上万的人失去了家园,亲戚和朋友VzofW;cd%0,JES1[PwP
For years, hundreds of millions of Chinese have purchased new smartphones.
多年来,数亿中国人购买了新的智能手机Sf9jAC-v;2iT

6.Hackers, or people who secretly get access to computer systems in order to get information or cause damage, use that website.

in order to 为了...

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In order to transform their environment, he drew up the project with painstaking accuracy.
为了改造环境,他苦心孤诣地制订了这个计划H(dF1qqao)O|[F
In order to reach this limit a number of technical problems will have to be solved.
要达到这个限度,还有很多技术问题必须解决ma^=q+e~v0btau4L

参考译文

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脸书逾2.6亿用户资料外泄
美联社报道称,乌克兰一名安全研究人员报告称,在开放的互联网上发现了一个数据库,其中包括逾2.67亿名脸书用户的信息_Zx_6X4uNRrDd-~nZVN
这些数据包括姓名、电话号码和其它身份信息[u5.Gya[BV#uBgmG-。几乎所有用户都位于美国]H,i2bc@y]E3K
鲍勃·狄亚申科(Bob Diachenko)是基辅市一名独立的安全研究员wOu_4E#FgM)R#c。他告诉美联社,可能是犯罪分子收集了这些数据XC6lAnmLA61
狄亚申科表示,他是通过搜索引擎发现这一数据库的J3]-zGpsK%b62。这些数据从12月4日起至少有10天可在互联网上免费访问=TH8*kK+F2h@NR(N,x。他在12月14日找到这些数据后,通知了托管该数据库的互联网提供商[s6xRy;BJ4Cn,b^7.。5天后该数据库无法访问R_LS0ul!i)
狄亚申科表示,在发现该数据库的两天前,有人将其下载到一个特殊的群组网站上PGQ;L5P137J6I*5USb。黑客,或是为获取信息或造成破坏而偷偷访问计算机系统的人都使用这个网站Y@LpAVTWC]LiH8)FT。所以该数据库可能已被犯罪分子共享aT|gj3Z78zZi9D1U@BwC

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脸书逾2.6亿用户资料外泄.jpg
保罗·比绍夫(Paul Bischoff)运营着英国科技新闻网站Comparitech(tZ8[&;wG]G。本月初,该网站与狄亚申科合作报告了这一发现(Wz]CG,]lh1Y。比绍夫一年多来一直在写有关狄亚申科发现不安全数据库的文章UHS8.&=tL4kx
研究人员向美联社提供了数据库中的10个示例Q-+ca!(JTr。其中包括唯一的用户身份(ID),以及两个使用中的电话号码,所有这些数据都与真实的脸书用户有关Riq(j67-MZ
证据显示,可能是越南的犯罪分子非法收集了这些数据ML;=c1fK3^。他们可能是从脸书的公共页面“抓取”到这些数据,或以某种途径获得特殊的高级的访问权限=;PX&ewdk4wL_PQ。抓取是指由计算机程序自动完成的数据收集JjYK^pH!CI|4K@IFZdiM。该数据的一小部分包括了越南用户的相关资料O~MScdL!%Kq5o
狄亚申科表示,他并未将该数据库共享给脸书公司,后者没有直接证实这一发现[OyR7|OaHwS3c^lYd[E。这家社交媒体公司的代表在一份声明中表示正在核实这一问题IR-ayZUZ#.QTN6rU3=。他们写道,该发现“可能”涉及的是在脸书近年来采取某些数据保护措施之前收集到的信息JsDLEp*jCXYjmvdw%+。该公司并未透露具体的数据保护措施JW7gwUlXvn
2018年,该公司不在再允许用户通过电话号码搜索好友g&3TyH,l~B,FVk[)R。此前有消息称,剑桥数据分析这家政治机构在用户不知情或未授权的前提下获取了高达8700万脸书用户的数据,脸书随后采取了该措施@YkE^A]FWP].p8&r!
狄亚申科表示,他尚未证实这些数据收集的具体时间(ZGPhEa_Z2!w。他说,所有记录似乎都来自于2019年1月到6月Kb|5|x|B0Lt9[A=ih。他还指出,目前尚不清楚是谁收集了这份数据7;VVeg&8|*)t
安全专家表示,受影响的脸书用户面临密码盗窃攻击和身份盗用意图的高度风险zEGEA+A_43lc_W8a。这些信息可以跟物理地址和电子邮件地址以及其它非法收集到的数据相匹配mh],+7fZdcM4FcC.T|AN。脸书用户账号是指与各个账号相关联的唯一数字tQzO@sr)DlcUcb
今年9月,新闻网站TechCrunch报道称,研究人员在网上发现了逾4亿的脸书用户账号和电话号码irswD=z,9_,!(yvl
今年3月,在安全研究人员举报之后,脸书承认多年来一直允许其员工读取数亿用户的密码2Vw%4XUG,*hb.%uqd~
皮特·穆斯托为您播报0g@h9!.;fvj;w-uh,8

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • spreadv. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒 n. 伸展,传
  • securityn. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券
  • painstakingadj. 辛苦的,勤勉的 n. 辛苦,苦心,工夫
  • evidencen. 根据,证据 v. 证实,证明
  • availableadj. 可用的,可得到的,有用的,有效的
  • permissionn. 同意,许可,允许
  • identityn. 身份,一致,特征
  • transformvt. 转换,变形 vi. 改变 n. 变形
  • statementn. 声明,陈述