US Supreme Court Chief Justice Will Impact Trump Presidency
The leader of the highest court in the United States will likely receive a lot of attention next month. In January, Chief Justice John Roberts will supervise the trial of President Donald Trump in the U.S. Senate. Lawmakers there will decide if Trump is guilty of two charges against him: abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.
If guilt is the ruling, Trump would be removed from office. However, the senate is expected to find him not guilty.
Chief Justice John Roberts will have more influence on Trump’s presidency back at the Supreme Court building, across the street from the Senate. There, Roberts will play a major part in deciding several important cases that directly affect Trump.
One deals with whether a president needs to give his financial records to government investigators and lawyers. Trump has long fought to keep his finances secret. And, unlike other recent presidents, he has refused to make his tax information public.
In a few months, the Supreme Court will decide whether Trump must offer his financial records. The court’s ruling will affect future presidents, and also the current one: It will likely come in the middle of Trump’s re-election campaign.
How Roberts will vote on the case is not known. In recent decisions, Roberts has often joined with the four generally conservative judges. However, he also sometimes agrees with decisions made by the four more liberal judges. Roberts may be the deciding vote in the financial records case.
An uneasy position
But first, the Senate trial. The U.S. Constitution says the chief justice of the Supreme Court will oversee a trial to decide whether the president is removed from office. But the job is mostly ceremonial.
The senators – not the chief justice – set the rules for the trial. Roberts’ job is to keep the process moving in an orderly way.
People who know the chief justice say he will take his job at the trial seriously. He is likely reading about the only two other impeachment trials in U.S. history – those of Andrew Johnson in 1868 and Bill Clinton in 1999. In both cases, the presidents remained in office.
During Clinton’s trial, the chief justice was William Rehnquist. A law school professor who worked for Rehnquist at the time said the chief justice had “relatively little to do” during the trial.
Roberts has not spoken publicly about leading the Trump impeachment trial. Observers have noted that Roberts does not like calling attention to himself.
But he did take the unusual step of disagreeing publicly with Trump in November 2018. After the president spoke against judges who had ruled against him, Roberts issued a statement. It rejected the idea that federal judges worked for one president or another. And it defended “an extraordinary group of dedicated judges doing their level best to do equal right to those appearing before them.”
Roberts said that an independent judiciary is “something we should all be thankful for.”
I’m Kelly Jean Kelly.
1.the highest court 最高法院
Tweeting is to be allowed from hearings at the highest court in the land, it was announced yesterday.
2.the chief justice 首席大法官
He clerked for the chief justice of the Supreme Court.
3.federal judges 联邦法官
Federal judges hold their office for life, subject to impeachment by Congress.
4.financial records 财务记录
In a company, payroll is the sum of all financial records of salaries, wages, bonuses and deductions.
5.The senators – not the chief justice – set the rules for the trial. Roberts’ job is to keep the process moving in an orderly way.
in an orderly way 有序进行
When there is a fire, people file out of the hall in an orderly way.
The crowd left the square in an orderly way.
6.Roberts said that an independent judiciary is “something we should all be thankful for.”
be thankful for 感谢...
You should be thankful for all we've done for you.
They will be thankful for your help.
下个月，美国最高法院的领导人可能会受到广泛关注 。明年1月，首席大法官约翰·罗伯茨将监督美国参议院对特朗普总统的审判 。立法者将决定特朗普是否犯有两项指控：滥用权力和妨碍国会 。
如果判决其有罪，特朗普将被罢免 。然而，参议院预计他将被判无罪 。
首席大法官约翰·罗伯茨(John Roberts)将在参议院对面的最高法院内对特朗普的总统任期产生更大的影响 。在那里，罗伯茨将在裁决几个直接影响特朗普的重大案件中发挥重要作用 。
其中一项涉及总统是否需要将其财务记录交给政府调查人员和律师 。特朗普一直在努力保守自己的财务秘密 。而且，与前几任总统不同的是，他拒绝公开自己的税务信息 。
数月后，最高法院将决定特朗普是否必须提供其财务记录 。最高法院的裁决不仅会影响未来的总统，也会影响现任总统：该裁决可能会在特朗普竞选连任期间作出 。
尚不清楚罗伯茨将如何对此案进行投票 。在最近的裁决中，罗伯茨常常与4名保守派法官保持一致立场 。不过，他有时也会同意四位自由派法官的决定 。罗伯茨可能是财务记录案的决定性因素 。
首先，是参议院的审判 。美国宪法规定，最高法院首席大法官将监督决定是否罢免总统的审判 。但这项职责主要是仪式性的 。
制定审判规则的是参议员，而不是首席大法官 。罗伯茨的职责是保证整个过程有序进行 。
了解首席大法官的人称，他会严肃对待自己在审判中的职责 。他可能正在翻阅美国历史上仅有的两次弹劾审判——1868年的安德鲁·约翰逊案和1999年的比尔·克林顿案 。这两起弹劾案的结果是，两位总统都留任 。
在克林顿受审期间，首席大法官是威廉·伦奎斯特 。当时为伦奎斯特工作的一名法学院教授表示，首席大法官在审判期间“相对清闲” 。
罗伯茨尚未公开表示领导弹劾特朗普的审判 。观察人士指出，罗伯茨不喜欢引起公众的关注 。
但在2018年11月，他确实一反常态，公开反对特朗普 。在特朗普发声反对那些否决其行政令的法官后，罗伯茨发表了一份声明 。该声明驳斥了联邦法官为一位或另一位总统工作的说法 。声明还辩护称，“我们所拥有的是一群非常敬业的国家法官，他们尽其所能，与出现在他们面前的当事人平起平坐” 。