Notre Dame Cathedral to Miss First Christmas in Centuries
The Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris celebrated Christmas every year during two world wars. But it will not hold a Christmas Catholic Mass in 2019.
An accidental fire on April 15 has quieted the 855-year old Cathedral.
Officials have moved its famous altar and other objects to another church in Paris called Saint-Germain l’Auxerrois. It was once a royal church, where French kings worshipped. It is not far from Notre Dame, and just next to the Louvre.
Church officials are asking those devoted to Notre Dame to come there on Christmas, as rebuilding efforts continue.
A cathedral rector, Patrick Chauvet, said this year marks the “first time since the French Revolution that there will be no midnight Mass” at Notre Dame. The French Revolution began in 1789 and continued until 1799.
There was even a Christmas service during the fighting of World War I, Chauvet noted. During World War II, Paris was under Nazi occupation, but “there was no problem,” he said.
Chauvet added that, to his knowledge, the cathedral only closed for Christmas for a few years after 1789. At that time, anti-Catholic French revolutionaries turned the church into a house “of reason,” he said.
Christmas Mass at Saint-Germain l’Auxerrois this year will be historic.
We will “celebrate the Mass outside the walls, so to speak... but with some indicators that Notre Dame is connected to us,” Chauvet said.
Those indicators include a wooden altar that has been built in the Saint-Germain church to appear similar to Notre Dame’s altar. Members of the Notre Dame choir will sing. The cathedral’s famous “Virgin of Paris” sculpture will also be there. The 14th-century masterpiece shows Mary and her baby Jesus.
It was not damaged in the fire. Chauvet remembers when he discovered the Virgin of Paris had survived the fire.
He was holding hands with French President Emmanuel Macron in front of the cathedral at the time. Later, they were able to look inside. Chauvet pointed and cried to Macron: “Look at the Virgin, she is there!”
He said later that Notre Dame’s workmen on the ground asked him not to take the statue from the cathedral. They told him that she has protected them during the repair efforts.
Chauvet said having it close for Christmas is comforting.
“She lived very much in Notre Dame. She watched …all the 35,000 visitors a day ... It keeps us going,” Chauvet said.
I'm Susan Shand.
1.accidental fire 意外火灾
An accidental fire remains isolated for a sufficient period to permit the occupants to escape .
2.in front of 在...前面
We dried our clothes in front of the fire.
3.connected to 与...连接
The dispute is not directly connected to the negotiations
4.turned into 变成
The song turned into a running joke between him and the press.
5.We will “celebrate the Mass outside the walls, so to speak... but with some indicators that Notre Dame is connected to us,” Chauvet said.
so to speak 可以说
In carrying out this dictionary project he poured out, so to speak, his heart's blood.
I had let the cat out of the bag, so to speak.
6.At that time, anti-Catholic French revolutionaries turned the church into a house “of reason,” he said.
At that time 那时
We were in the same college, which was male-only at that time.
It was at that time she started taking the contraceptive pill.
在两次世界大战期间，巴黎圣母院每年都会庆祝圣诞节 。但是2019年它将不会举行圣诞天主教弥撒 。
官员已经将其著名的祭坛和其他物品转移到巴黎的圣日耳曼奥塞尔教堂 。该教堂曾经是一间皇家教堂，法国国王在那里做礼拜 。这里离巴黎圣母院不远，位于卢浮宫旁边 。
圣母院总司铎萧维(Patrick Chauvet)表示，今年是“自法国大革命以来首次没有午夜弥撒” 。法国大革命始于1789年，一直持续到1799年 。
萧维表示，即使在第一次世界大战期间，圣诞弥撒都未曾间断 。他说，二战期间，巴黎被纳粹占领，但是“一切如常” 。
萧维补充说，据他所知，这座大教堂仅在1789年后的圣诞节关闭了几年 。他表示，当时，反天主教的法国革命者把教堂变成了一座“理庙” 。
这些指标包括在圣日耳曼教堂建造的一个木制祭坛，外形酷似圣母院的祭坛 。圣母院合唱团的成员将在此歌唱 。圣母院著名的“巴黎圣母”雕塑也将在那里展出 。这幅14世纪的杰作描绘了圣母玛利亚和尚在襁褓中的耶稣 。
这座雕像在火灾中没有损坏 。萧维回忆起当他发现巴黎圣母雕像在大火中幸存下来时的场景 。
当时他正与法国总统埃马纽埃尔·马克龙在大教堂前握手 。后来，他们能够看到内院 。萧维指着内院告诉总统：“看圣母玛利亚，她完好无损！”
他后来解释称，圣母院的工人请求他不要将大教堂的圣母玛利亚雕像移走 。他们说，在修复期间，圣母玛利亚一直保护着他们 。
萧维称：“这座雕像在巴黎圣母院住了很长时间 。她每天都要看着3.5万名游客进进出出，她保佑着我们继续前行 。”