Collapse of Jakarta Seawall Raises Concerns over Flood Threat
The recent collapse of a seawall protecting the Indonesian capital of Jakarta has raised concerns about the ongoing flood threat.
When part of the seawall broke earlier this month, it brought back bad memories for Awing Takalar, a fisherman who lives nearby. He thought back to 2007, when another levee burst and washed all his belongings away.
Luckily, waves were not running high at the time of the most recent break. So, Takalar and others living in the area along Jakarta's northern shoreline were not flooded.
Takalar told the Reuters news agency that he knows he could be less lucky next time. "My worry is that the water is higher than the land," the 46-year-old Takalar said. He expressed concern for the safety of his teenage daughter when she stays alone at the family's one-room home in Jakarta's Muara Baru area.
When the sea broke through the levee 12 years ago, Takalar took his family back to their home on the island of Sulawesi. "When it got better, I returned again," he said. He added that once his daughter finishes school, he might leave the area for good.
Jarot Widyoko is the director of rivers and coasts at Indonesia's public works and public housing ministry. He said officials were investigating why a 170-meter stretch of the 2.3-kilometer-long wall broke -- even though it was built only a few years ago.
The incident has brought attention to efforts aimed at protecting parts of the low-lying city from major flooding in the future.
Jakarta has been slowly sinking. Large amounts of ground water have been extracted from under the city. Rising sea levels have made the threat of flooding even worse. The situation has pushed city officials to try to come up with protective measures.
In 2014, the government announced a plan to build a giant seawall along the coast as part of a $40-billion project to protect the city through 2030. The project includes a delayed plan to build a new city on a series of reclaimed islands in Jakarta Bay.
Environmental groups have criticized the plan. They say the developers have not considered the project's effects on Jakarta Bay and are not addressing the problems related to sinking.
Heri Andreas is an expert on settling and sinking land at Indonesia's Bandung Institute of Technology. He told Reuters that land in Muara Baru was sinking about 12 centimeters per year, one of the fastest rates in Jakarta.
In August, officials announced a decision to move the national capital from Jakarta to East Kalimantan province on the island of Borneo. One of the main reasons for the decision was to help ease a "heavy burden" related to overcrowding and pollution in Jakarta, the government said.
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1.a series of 一系列的
A series of technical foul-ups delayed the launch of the new product.
2.related to 与...有关
Unemployment benefits are directly related to previous earnings.
3.heavy burden 沉重的负担
After she finished writing up the interview, she heaved a sigh as if relieved of a heavy burden.
4.in the future 未来
We expect better of you in the future.
5.Luckily, waves were not running high at the time of the most recent break.
at the time of 在...的时候
He was sane at the time of the murder.
She was only twelve at the time of liberation.
6.The situation has pushed city officials to try to come up with protective measures.
come up with 提出
Several of the members have come up with suggestions of their own.
The president was moved to come up with these suggestions after the hearings.
本月早些时候，部分海堤决堤，让住在附近的渔民塔卡拉(Takalar)回忆起痛苦的过往 。他回想起2007年，当时另一座堤坝决堤，冲走了他所有的财产 。
所幸，最近一次海堤崩塌时海浪并不高 。因此，塔卡拉和其他生活在雅加达北部海岸线附近的居民没有被洪水淹没 。
塔卡拉告诉路透社，他知道下次可能就没这么走运了 。“我担心的是水位溢出地面，”46岁的塔卡拉说道 。他担心自己十几岁女儿的安全，因为她独自呆在雅加达穆亚拉巴鲁地区的只有一个房间的家里 。
12年前，当海浪冲垮防波提时，塔卡拉带着家人回到了他们位于苏拉威西岛的家 。“情况好转后，我就回来了” 。他补充说，一旦女儿完成学业，他可能会永远离开这个地区 。
加洛特（Jarot Widyoko）是印尼公共工程和公共住房部河流和海岸的负责人 。他说，官员们正在调查为什么这道长2.3公里、长170米的防波提会断裂，虽然是几年前才建成的 。
雅加达一直在缓慢下沉 。城市地下大量的地下水被抽取出来 。海平面上升导致洪水的威胁更加严重 。这种情况迫使市政官员提出保护性措施 。
2014年，政府宣布了一项沿海岸打造大型防波提的计划，作为一项400亿美元项目的一部分，该项目将持续到2030年，旨在保护雅加达 。该项目包括一个推迟的计划，在雅加达湾一系列填海岛屿上打造一座新城市 。
环保组织对该计划提出了批评 。他们说，开发商没有考虑到该项目对雅加达湾的影响，也没有解决与下沉有关的问题 。
赫里·安德里亚斯(Heri Andreas)是印尼万隆理工学院研究陆地沉降和下沉的专家 。他对路透社表示，穆亚拉巴鲁的地面每年下沉约12厘米，是雅加达下沉速度最快的地区之一 。
今年8月，印尼官员宣布将首都从雅加达迁至婆罗洲岛的东加里曼丹省 。政府表示，做出这一决定的主要原因之一，是为了帮助减轻因雅加达过度拥挤和污染带来的“沉重负担” 。