Turkey Condemns US House Bills on Sanctions, Armenians
Turkey has objected to legislation passed by the United States House of Representatives.
The Turkish foreign ministry said it called a meeting with the U.S. ambassador in Ankara after the House approved the legislation on Tuesday. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that his country's parliament will answer the action, but gave no other details.
One bill is aimed at punishing Turkish officials involved in the decision to send Turkish troops into northern Syria. Supporters of the bill say the Turkish offensive resulted in human rights abuses against ethnic Kurds in the area.
The U.S. House of Representatives passed the bill by a vote of 403 to 16.
Erdogan said on Wednesday that Turkey "strongly condemns" the sanctions against Turkish officials and its army.
The other piece of legislation confirms U.S. recognition of the century-old mass killings of Armenians by Ottoman Turks as genocide. That resolution passed by a vote of 405 to 11.
Historians estimate that 1.5 million Armenians were killed between 1915 and 1923. At the time, Armenians were a Christian minority in the Ottoman Empire.
House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer told reporters after the bills passed that "Turkey has not come to grips that this was a genocide."
Turkey has long objected to the use of the word genocide to describe what took place to Armenians after World War I. Erdogan said that Turkey does not recognize the non-binding resolution and added that it has no value to the country. He described the measure as "slander."
Turkey is one of the 29 members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). The Turkish foreign ministry said that the U.S. measures did not agree "with the spirit of our NATO alliance."
A result of Turkey's entry into northern Syria
U.S. President Donald Trump ordered U.S. troops to withdraw from northern Syria earlier this month. That move cleared the way for Turkey to send troops into the area with the aim of driving out Syrian Kurdish fighters. The Kurds have been allies of the U.S. military in efforts to fight Islamic State militants. However, Turkey accuses them of being allied with Kurdish separatists, who Turkey considers terrorists.
The U.S. Protect Against Conflict by Turkey Act would prevent sales of arms to Turkey for use in Syria. It would punish Turkish financial organizations involved in the military. It also would require the U.S. government to report on Erdogan's finances.
House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Eliot Engel is a Democrat from New York State. He says the bill is a way to ensure that Erdogan faces consequences for Turkish actions in Syria.
Earlier this month, the House passed a resolution condemning the Trump administration's decision to withdraw U.S. troops from Syria. Trump announced that the U.S government had negotiated a permanent cease-fire in Syria last week. He also lifted sanctions on Turkey that were put in place after its troops entered northern Syria.
The Protect Against Conflict by Turkey Act now moves to the U.S. Senate, where it will face a vote. It must be signed by the president before becoming law.
I'm Mario Ritter Jr.
1.involved in 参与
All the people involved in this case must be present.
2.human rights 人权
The essence of the problem of modernity is the human rights and obligation.
3.aimed at 针对
Her words were aimed at us all.
4.driving out 驱赶
Sunrays filtered in wherever they could ,driving out darkness and choking the shadows.
5.He also lifted sanctions on Turkey that were put in place after its troops entered northern Syria.
put in place 到位；落实
They're offended by the elaborate security measures the police have put in place.
The restrictions have been put in place, after a five-day national strike.
6.The Kurds have been allies of the U.S. military in efforts to fight Islamic State militants.
in efforts to 尽力做某事
Banks often co-operate with governments in efforts to stabilize economies and to prevent inflation.
In recent years, some groups have resorted to threats and even violence in efforts to disrupt important research.
土耳其外交部表示，美国众议院周二批准该法案后，土耳其已经召见美国驻安卡拉大使进行会谈 。土耳其总统埃尔多安表示，该国议会将对此作出回应，但是尚未透露其它细节 。
一项法案旨在惩罚参与决定向叙利亚北部派遣土耳其军队的土耳其官员 。该法案的支持者表示，土耳其的进攻导致该地区的库尔德人的人权受到了侵犯 。
另一项法案确认，美国承认奥斯曼土耳其人百年前对亚美尼亚人进行的大屠杀为种族灭绝 。该决议以405比11票获得通过 。
历史学家估计，1915年到1923年期间，有150万亚美尼亚人被杀害 。当时，亚美尼亚人是奥斯曼帝国的基督教少数派 。
众议院多数党领袖斯坦利·霍耶（Steny Hoyer）在该法案通过后对记者表示：“土耳其还没有意识到这是种族灭绝 。”
土耳其长期以来一直反对用“种族灭绝”来描述第一次世界大战后亚美尼亚人经历的事情 。埃尔多安表示，土耳其不承认这项无约束力的决议，还补充说，这对土耳其没有任何价值 。他称，这项措施是“诽谤 。”
土耳其是北约29个成员国之一 。土耳其外交部称，美国的措施不符合“北约同盟的精神 。”
本月初，美国总统特朗普下令从叙利亚北部撤军 。此举为土耳其派军进入该地区驱逐叙利亚库尔德战士扫清了道路 。库尔德武装一直是美军打击“伊斯兰国”武装分子的盟友 。但是土耳其指责他们与库尔德分离主义者结盟，后者一直被土耳其视为恐怖分子 。
美国的《土耳其防止冲突法案》将会防止向土耳其出售的武器用于叙利亚 。该法案将惩罚参与这一军事活动的土耳其金融组织 。它还将要求美国政府报告埃尔多安的财政状况 。
众议院外交事务委员会主席埃利奥特·恩格尔（Eliot Engel）是来自纽约州的民主党人 。他说，该法案是确保埃尔多安对土耳其在叙利亚的行动承担后果 。
本月初，美国众议院通过了一项决议，谴责特朗普政府从叙利亚撤军的决定 。特朗普宣布，美国政府上周已就叙利亚永久停火达成协议 。特朗普还解除了美国在土耳其军队进入叙利亚北部后对土耳其实施的制裁 。
《土耳其防止冲突法案》已经移交给美国参议院进行投票 。它必须由总统签署才能成为法律 。