As growing numbers of young people report struggling with mental health issues, colleges and universities across the United States are working to meet their students' needs.
But a new study suggests that one group of students is facing these issues more than any other: transgender students. And some experts worry that many schools may not be doing enough to meet their needs.
Transgender people are people who no longer identify with their sex from birth. They feel they are really members of the opposite sex. Many often change their name, appearance and even undergo medical treatments to help match, or keep up with, the way they feel.
In 2016, about 1.4 million Americans identified themselves as transgender. That number comes from the Williams Institute at the University of California Los Angeles' School of Law.
Earlier research has shown a growing number of U.S. college students have reported depression, anxiety or other mental health issues in recent years. This latest study attempts to examine the specific problems transgender students face. The findings were published last month in The American Journal of Preventative Medicine.
Researchers looked at information from an internet-based survey called the Healthy Minds Study. It involved 65,000 adults who studied at 71 U.S. colleges and universities between 2015 and 2017. All of them were questioned about their mental health.
Out of that group, about 1,200 students reported having an alternate gender identity, meaning they do not identify with their birth sex. The researchers found that almost 80 percent of those students reported dealing with at least one mental health issue. For comparison purposes, 45 percent of cisgender students -- those who identified as their birth sex -- reported having a mental health issue.
Schools must employ physical and mental health experts who understand the issues transgender students face. But they also must teach cisgender students, professors and employees to be accepting of and communicate with trans students in ways that make them feel welcome.
1.strggle with 与……斗争
And when you have an addiction, you struggle with it.
2.identify with 认同……
Are you East or West? Can you identify with your culture?
不过，一项新研究表明，一类学生面临的心理健康问题要多于其他学生：跨性别学生 。而且，一些专家担心，很多学校可能做的还不够，无法满足这类学生的需求 。
跨性别者是认为自己心理性别与生理性别不同的人群 。他们觉得自己是另一种性别 。很多人会改变自己的名字、外貌，甚至会做医学治疗来帮自己符合自己的感觉或者与自己的感觉保持一致 。
2016年，近140万名美国人认为自己是跨性别者 。这一数字是加州大学洛杉矶分校法学院威廉斯研究所的统计结果 。
此前，有研究表明，近年来，美国有越来越多的大学生有报道出现过抑郁、焦虑等心理健康问题 。这项最新研究试图确定跨性别学生面临的具体问题 。发现结果上个月发表在了《美国预防医学杂志》上 。
研究人员审视了一项网络调查的信息，该调查名为健康心理研究 。该研究有6.5万名成年人参加，这些人曾于2015-2017年间在美国的71所大学学习 。这些人都被问及心理健康的问题 。
在这一群体中，研究报告指出，近1200名学生有另一种性别认知，也就是说他们并不认同自己的生理性别 。研究人员发现，这些学生中，近八成人有至少1种心理疾病 。对比来看，45%的顺性别者——认同生理性别的人——也存在1种心理疾病 。