Walmart Announces Changes to Ammunition Sales
Walmart has won praise from gun control activists in the United States for restricting sales of gun ammunition in its stores.
The company announced on Tuesday it plans to end the sale of some kinds of ammunition. Walmart has also asked people not to openly carry guns in its stores.
Gun control advocates welcomed the announcement. But whether the changes will result in fewer weapons on U.S. streets remains an open question.
The announcement follows similar steps by other gun sellers after public pressure to restrict gun and ammunition sales.
In March, Dick's Sporting Goods said it would stop selling guns and ammunition at 125 of its more than 700 stores. In addition, other businesses, such as Starbucks, Target, Wendy's and most recently Kroger, have asked customers not to openly carry guns in their stores.
Supporters of stronger gun laws say Walmart will have a huge influence on the gun law debate because it is the nation's largest retailer. Gun control advocates are demanding that U.S. lawmakers and large companies take action.
Igor Volsky is the founder of the group Guns Down America. In a statement, he credited Walmart for joining the "majority of Americans who know that we have too many guns in our country and they are too easy to get." The statement said that Walmart should make it clear to Congress that "it stands with Americans who are demanding real change."
However, most gun sales come from thousands of individual gun dealers or gun shows, not big retail stores like Walmart. So it is not clear how much difference the changes will make. About half of Walmart's close to 5,000 U.S. stores sells guns. That represents only around two percent of all guns nationwide.
Walmart said it will stop selling ammunition for handguns, and for two kinds of short-barrel rifle, after the supplies currently in stores are gone. That will reduce the company's market share of ammunition from around 20 percent to between six and nine percent. That information comes from the company's chief, Doug McMillon.
Walmart also plans to discontinue handgun sales in Alaska. It stopped selling handguns in the 1990s in every state but Alaska. The latest move marks its complete exit from that business so that the company can direct its attention on hunting rifles and ammunition only.
The company is also asking customers not to openly carry guns at its Walmart and Sam's Club stores unless they are police officers. But Walmart added that it does not plan to change its policy for customers with permits to carry concealed weapons. The company said it will be adding signs in stores to inform customers of the changes.
The announcement comes just days after a gunman shot and killed seven people in Odessa, Texas. That follows two other shootings last month, one of them at a Walmart store.
Last month, a gunman entered a Walmart in El Paso, Texas, and killed 22 people. It was the deadliest shooting in Walmart's history.
Nine people died in a second unrelated shooting that same day, in Dayton, Ohio. A few days before that, two Walmart workers were killed by another worker at a store in Southaven, Mississippi.
In 2015, the company stopped selling assault rifles like the AR-rifles used in several mass shootings.
A letter from company head Doug McMillon said, "In a complex situation lacking a simple solution, we are trying to take steps to reduce the risk that events like these will happen again."
The National Rifle Association, or NRA, criticized Walmart on Twitter after Tuesday's announcement.
NRA's Twitter post said it was "shameful" to see Walmart surrender to the pressure of "anti-gun elites." The tweet also warned that the company would lose customers to other gun sale shops.
Gun control supporters have asked Walmart to stop supporting politicians who accept money from the NRA.
I'm Alice Bryant.
And I'm John Russell.
1.assault rifles 突击步枪
More police with assault rifles and teargas guns took up positions on the other side of the crowd.
2.In addition 另外
In addition, we and our friends can not enjoy the happiness of shopping.
3.open question 待解决的问题
This is an open question at the moment.
4.make a difference 有影响；有关系
The distinction does, however, make a difference to totals of deposits and advances.
5.The statement said that Walmart should make it clear to Congress that "it stands with Americans who are demanding real change."
make it clear 弄清楚
I must make it clear I never laid a finger on her.
I want to make it clear, however, that no one is untouchable in this investigation.
6.In a complex situation lacking a simple solution, we are trying to take steps to reduce the risk that events like these will happen again."
take steps to 采取措施
She is not content with her present lot and wishes to take steps to improve it.
The directors will take steps to insure against possible failure.
该公司周二宣布计划，停止销售某些类型的弹药 。沃尔玛还要求顾客不要公开携枪进入超市 。
控枪倡议人士对这一消息表示欢迎 。但是这种改变能否让美国街头的武器减少仍然是一个悬而未决的问题 。
今年3月，迪克体育用品公司表示，旗下700多家门店中的125家将停售枪支和弹药 。此外，星巴克、塔吉特百货、温迪餐厅以及最近跟进的克罗格等公司都要求顾客在店内不要公开携枪 。
支持严格控枪法律的人士表示，沃尔玛是全美最大的零售商，将对枪支法律之争产生巨大影响 。控枪倡议人士要求美国国会议员和大型公司采取行动 。
伊格尔·沃斯基（Igor Volsky）是“枪炮下的美国”组织创始人 。他在一份声明中赞扬沃尔玛加入了“美国多数群体的行列，他们知道美国枪支的泛滥，并且太容易获得 。”声明称，沃尔玛应该向国会明确表明，“它与那些要求真正变革的美国人同一阵营 。”
然而，大多数枪支销售源自成千上万家个体枪经销商或枪支展览，而不是沃尔玛这样的大型零售店 。因此，目前尚不清楚这种变革会产生多大影响 。沃尔玛近5000家门店中，约有一半门店在销售枪支 。这仅占全国枪支销售总量的2%左右 。
沃尔玛表示，待门店的库存售罄，将停售手枪以及两种短筒步枪的弹药 。这将导致该公司的弹药市场份额从20%跌至6%至9%之间 。这些由该公司负责人道格·麦克米伦提供 。
沃尔玛还计划停止在阿拉斯加销售手枪 。20世纪90年代，除了阿拉斯加，该公司开始停止在所有州销售手枪 。这一最新举措标志着该公司完全退出枪支销售业务，该公司可以集中于猎枪和弹药业务 。
该公司还要求顾客不要在沃尔玛以及山姆会员店公开携枪，警务人员例外 。但是沃尔玛还表示，该公司并不打算修改允许客户隐蔽携枪的政策 。该公司表示，将会在店内张贴标志告知客户这些变化 。
沃尔玛这一消息发布的几天前，一名枪手在德克萨斯州敖德萨枪杀了7人 。上个月还发生了两起枪击事件，其中一个事发地点位于沃尔玛门店内 。
上个月，一名枪手进入德克萨斯州埃尔帕索市的一家沃尔玛超市，持枪杀害了22人 。这是沃尔玛历史上最致命的枪击事件 。
同一天，在俄亥俄州代顿市发生的第二起与此无关的枪击事件中，有9人死亡 。在这起枪击事件发生的几天前，密西西比州南海文市一家沃尔玛超市的两名员工被另一名员工杀害 。
美国步枪协会在推文中表示，为沃尔沃屈服于“反枪精英”的压力感到“羞愧” 。该推文还警告称，该公司将会把顾客拱手让给其它枪支零售门店 。