VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):福岛核电站2022年迎新危机
日期:2019-08-16 17:15

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Fukushima to Run Out of Water Storage by 2022
Operators of Japan's Fukushima nuclear plant have predicted it will run out of storage space for radioactive water in three years.
The Tokyo Electric Company, or TEPCO, recently said the contaminated water will likely fill up all the plant's available tanks by summer of 2022.
Three reactors at the Fukushima plant suffered meltdowns after a 2011 earthquake and tsunami shut down the plant's cooling systems. It was the world's worst nuclear disaster since Chernobyl in 1986. The accident forced 160,000 people to flee contaminated areas near the plant and many never returned.
Since the disaster, radioactive water has leaked from damaged reactors and mixed with groundwater and rainwater at the plant. The water is treated to remove harmful materials and stored in large tanks. But TEPCO has said the treatment process cannot remove all radioactive particles from the water.
Plant officials say more than one million tons of water is currently being stored in nearly 1,000 tanks. TEPCO says it plans to build more tanks to hold additional water. But even then, it predicts it will only be able to accept a total of 1.37 million tons. That would cause Fukushima to run out of space for water in 2022.
A government group studying future storage solutions have identified several possibilities for dealing with the continued supply of contaminated water.
One proposal would involve the controlled release of water into the Pacific Ocean. Some nuclear experts, including members of the International Atomic Energy Agency, have said they believe that plan is the most realistic.
However, fishermen and many people living in the area strongly oppose that proposal. They have said releasing the water into the ocean could cause widespread damage to Fukushima's fishing and agriculture industries.
Additional methods under consideration include ground injection or converting the radioactive water to steam or hydrogen and releasing it into the atmosphere.
Some nuclear experts have warned that additional long-term storage might be necessary if officials cannot decide on any of the proposals under consideration. But this would require additional land and storage tanks to be built.
TEPCO spokesman Junichi Matsumoto told reporters the organization thinks contaminants produced from Fukushima work should stay within the plant area. He said long-term storage would delay other activities at the plant.
Matsumoto did not name a deadline for deciding what to do with the contaminated water. But he said he hopes to see the government lead public debates on the issue.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

重点解析

1.fill up 填补;装满

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The theatre began to fill up just before the performance.
就在演出开始前,剧场满座了g;n3bi]@d&gHM*nJYE

2.shut down 关闭

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Smaller contractors had been forced to shut down.
规模较小的承包商已被迫歇业^y+t+uQ46o&[F%dH|

3.even then 即便那样

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I remember being drawn to you even then.
我记得就是在那时我被你深深吸引zYJl=7(@txH*7s

4.nuclear plant 核电站

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The Japanese government and the Tokyo Electric Power Company are struggling to resolve the crisis at the nuclear plant.
日本政府和东京电力公司正在奋力解决核电厂的危机1WfvtjBR6rc)

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5.Operators of Japan's Fukushima nuclear plant have predicted it will run out of storage space for radioactive water in three years.

run out of 用完

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They have run out of ideas.
他们已经想不出任何办法了U^]0KBvGIjp_R&Z
He has run out of food; his children are hungry.
他家揭不开锅了,孩子们都等着吃饭f3Y_i0lBK_G_6wyZiq

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6.A government group studying future storage solutions have identified several possibilities for dealing with the continued supply of contaminated water.

dealing with 处理;应付

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We came up against a great deal of resistance in dealing with the case.
办这个案子的过程中,我们遇到了很多阻力#!kppEOhbB;[Q1OJiY%
We know we're dealing with someone with a different frame of reference.
我们知道和我们打交道的人持有不同的观念pWgi!NQH^|wOXR+4b

参考译文

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福岛核电站2022年迎新危机
日本福岛核电站的运营人员预测,三年后,福岛核电站放射性污水的储存空间将耗尽ln.jdQj@fBG.b&W
东京电力公司最近表示,受污染的水可能会在2022年夏天之前填满核电站所有可用的储水箱5E-U2~Ryuv7oy
2011年的那场地震和海啸导致该电站冷却系统被关闭,此后,福岛核电站的三座核反应堆发生了熔芯*UF&-SCdASP;
这是继1986年切尔诺贝利事件后全球最严重的核灾难~#u9((4I[#fpeLvD.
这次事故迫使16万人逃离核电站附近的污染区,很多人再也没有回来qU9cO!P!hoxe|e,q

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福岛核电站2022年迎新危机.jpg
自灾害发生以来,放射性污水从受损反应堆泄漏,并与核电站的地下水和雨水混合&epv60Luoc~!c
这些水经过处理除去有害物质,并储存在大型水箱中8&CkBj[jBeQQa%
但是东京电力公司表示,这种处理过程无法清除水中的所有放射性颗粒A8BPx&UGy6%K^MXf
核电站官员表示,目前有近100万吨水储存在近1000个水箱中KS-2]%kt,].9WOJ#6
东京电力公司表示,该公司计划建造更多水箱储存更多污水g_)Xq=I]~aO|
但是即便如此,该公司预计也只能容纳137万吨污水eOZfGJA)Ir(R4Cg*Iv
这将导致福岛核电站在2022年耗尽所有储水空间Al!~gpS;Am
一个研究未来储水解决方案的政府小组确定了处理持续污水的几种可行方案lAH1Q5J8+9z@ZCk|q#su
其中一项建议是将污水有控制地排入太平洋Nb1%BS!_-Udv
包括国际原子能机构成员在内的一些核专家表示,他们认为这是最现实的一种方案e3mY0g&I,L2j
然而,当地渔民和该地区的居民强烈反对这项提议r3[WlD*mnp-6h)Z
他们说,将污水排入大海可能会对福岛渔业和农业造成广泛的损害l,JnloxBa|zW;T
其它考虑的方案包括注入地下或是将放射性污水蒸发进入大气pVa3;O)j_fe;
一些核专家警告称,如果官员们无法对审议中的方案作出决定,可能会需要更多的长期储存空间4X@oWsL;R.y!=(
但是这需要扩大更多土地以及建造更多水箱+HZjj[lgEbAxqOu
东京电力公司发言人松本纯一告诉记者,该组织认为福岛核电站产生的污染物应该留在核电站内R9G|%)I!GHgoD6@wMH
他说,长期储存会推迟核电站的其它活动&x]3_3Cpt8U8Y@OV
松本纯一并未给出决定如何处理污水的最后期限Ejv1~MpjR8QkPm74
但是他表示,他希望政府引导公众就该问题进行辩论9|gLmKS|RxZ
布莱恩·林恩为您播报9s~rY!9q7s;e,

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • injectionn. 注射,注射物,数学函数
  • widespreadadj. 分布(或散布)广的,普遍的
  • removev. 消除,除去,脱掉,搬迁 n. 去除,间距
  • releasen. 释放,让渡,发行 vt. 释放,让与,准予发表,发
  • storagen. 贮藏,存储,保管,保管费,仓库,[计]存储器
  • resistancen. 抵抗力,反抗,反抗行动;阻力,电阻;反对
  • delayv. 耽搁,推迟,延误 n. 耽搁,推迟,延期
  • proposaln. 求婚,提议,建议
  • framen. 框,结构,骨架 v. 构成,把 ... 框起来,陷
  • performancen. 表演,表现; 履行,实行 n. 性能,本事