VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):电子游戏真的会导致暴力吗?
日期:2019-08-07 14:23

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Is There a Link Between Video Games and Violence?
Do some kinds of video games cause violence? Scientific studies do not suggest a link.
But the idea that there is a link between violent video games and violent acts reappeared following the mass shooting in El Paso, Texas, last weekend.
An online statement thought to be written by the El Paso gunman mentioned the combat game "Call of Duty."
On Monday, President Donald Trump said that "gruesome and grisly video games" contribute to a "glorification of violence."
American politicians have long made similar statements.
"Politicians on both sides go after video games...it is this weird unifying force," said Patrick Markey, a psychology professor at Villanova University who studies video games.
Research on video games and violence
Benjamin Burroughs is a professor of media at the University of Las Vegas. "...There is no linkage to gun violence," he said about video games.
Burroughs said that some studies show a short-term increase in aggressive thoughts and feelings after playing video games, but nothing that rises to the level of violence.
"Plenty of gamers...get upset when they lose or feel the game was ‘cheating,' but it doesn't lead to violent outputs," Burroughs said.
In 2006, a small study by researchers at Indiana University found that teenagers who played violent video games showed higher levels of emotional arousal – strong emotions like anger or fear. The teenagers also showed less activity in the parts of the brain associated with the ability to plan, control and direct thoughts and behavior.
Patrick Markey, the psychology professor, found in his research that men who commit severe acts of violence actually play violent video games less than the average male.
Another study by Markey and other researchers showed that violence tends to go down when a new violent movie or video game comes out. One possible explanation: people are at home playing the game or in theaters watching the movie.
Markey believes that video games might excite people, but they do not change who people are. "It is like going to see a sad movie," Markey said of playing video games. "It might make you cry but it doesn't make you clinically depressed," he said.
I'm John Russell.

重点解析

1.video games 电子游戏

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I went through about four years of being addicted to video games.
我大约有4年时间沉迷在电子游戏中*WM.#CcV[q1MJi_oSWi.

2.Scientific studies 科学研究

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They encouraged him and aided him in his scientific studies.
他们鼓励并协助他学习科学+u~4E_^RYr*gv|

3.lead to 导致

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A lack of prudence may lead to financial problems.
不够谨慎可能会导致财政上出现问题t2Oz^@(4(j

4.violent acts 暴力行为

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Health consequences can result directly from violent acts or from the long-term effects of violence.
健康后果可以是暴力行为直接造成的,或由暴力行为的长期影响带来oq28sSwZXl4S.B

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5.On Monday, President Donald Trump said that "gruesome and grisly video games" contribute to a "glorification of violence."

contribute to 有助于

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Heat, cold, tactile and other sensations contribute to flavour.
热、冷、触觉和其他感觉构成了食物风味的一部分kU(.&Ca1VJTf
The three sons also contribute to the family business.
这3个儿子也为家族事业做出了贡献s|V,Ko*)D5j5&qvb(U.

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6.Another study by Markey and other researchers showed that violence tends to go down when a new violent movie or video game comes out.

tends to 有...趋向

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In my job one tends to lose touch with friends.
干我这行,往往会与朋友失去联系3pv36=7SQ.
Meditation tends to lower or normalize blood pressure.
冥想有助于降低血压或使血压恢复正常tyyge_C*]R4

参考译文

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电子游戏真的会导致暴力吗?
某类电子游戏会导致暴力吗?科学研究表明两者并无联系nrSz#m2aL(%1
但是,随着上周末德克萨斯州埃尔帕索市发生大规模枪击案,暴力电子游戏与暴力行为有关的说法再次甚嚣尘上I;7jS0)=56E,GE
一份据称是埃尔帕索枪手撰写的网上宣言提到了战争游戏《使命召唤》G2we;_H!a.A,2
周一,特朗普总统表示,“令人毛骨悚然的、可怕的电子游戏”助长了对“暴力的美化x;&EO.X.bq8;2B=2。”
一直以来,美国政界人士也发表过类似言论edPgkdQ]RRUh3h4_7i
维拉诺瓦大学研究电子游戏的心理学教授帕特里克·马基说:“两党政客都在拿电子游戏做文章,这是一种令人费解的凝聚力M;|z,4r@SebxM6。”
关于电子游戏和暴力的研究

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电子游戏真的会导致暴力吗.jpg
班杰明·伯勒斯是拉斯维加斯大学的媒体学教授B@PA2J|=-*]G。他在谈到电子游戏时表示:“电子游戏跟枪支暴力毫无关系-~G^[oldnll1V&。”
伯勒斯表示,一些研究表明,虽然电子游戏后的攻击性思维和情绪会在短期内有所增加,但是没有上升到暴力程度9[jfw!V=-6lM。”
伯勒斯说:“很多玩家输掉比赛后或认为该游戏‘作弊’会心烦,但这并不会导致暴力输出gv#q(9V=YzI!。”
2006年,印第安纳大学的研究人员进行的一项小型研究发现,玩暴力电子游戏的青少年会表现出更高水平的情绪激发,类似愤怒或恐惧等强烈情绪)C76^k-zOGg7.oT。这些青少年的大脑中负责计划、控制和指导思想及行为能力的功能区也不太活跃Yh*sAC%((~4X.gn;vN
心理学教授帕特里克·马基在他的研究中发现,犯下严重暴行的男性实际上比普通男性更少接触暴力电子游戏2S|0#@~L)gU,(
马基和其他研究人员的另一项研究表明,当一部新的暴力电影或一款电子游戏推出后,暴力事件往往会下降BgTdCp[yZmRYg。其中一种可能的解释是:人们都窝在家里玩游戏或去电影院看电影L3q373Ips|B
马基认为,电子游戏可能会让人兴奋,但是不能改变人们的本性Qd*=dy3A*^l。马基谈到玩电子游戏时说:“就像去看一部悲伤的电影,你可能感动地哭泣,但不会因此被诊断为抑郁R)XTPN13fPsn5!YJd。”
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报epa[.8xoOT

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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