VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国人早餐吃什么?
日期:2019-08-01 14:54

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The History of American Breakfast
Since the earliest days of the United States, Americans began their days by eating whatever was most easily available. These foods often included bread, eggs or leftovers – food left over from the night before.
Today, ease is still an important factor when it comes to breakfast. However, what people eat has changed over time. And some of today's common breakfast foods, such as cereal, are the result of very effective marketing.
"Advertising was practically invented to sell cereal," says Heather Arndt Anderson. She is the writer of the book "Breakfast: A History."
Arndt Anderson adds, "One of the first ways advertising was successfully or effectively used was to convince mothers that it was okay for their children to eat these instant cereals. It sort of offered working mothers a chance to let kids take care of themselves in the morning."
As women entered the workforce to help support their families, cereal was a food kids could make on their own.
"That's still sort of the power, really the lasting effect of breakfast as being the first meal that kids do learn how to prepare themselves," Arndt Anderson says.
Advertising also played an important part in orange juice becoming a morning drink. In 1916, farmers grew more oranges than usual, so advertisers began saying, "Drink an orange." They aimed to persuade people that drinking orange juice was a healthy way to start the day.
Two years later, a worldwide flu epidemic caused people to drink more orange juice for its health benefits.
As for coffee, it might have the 1773 Boston Tea Party to thank for its popularity in the United States. In that year, American colonists protested British taxation by throwing tea into Boston Harbor. In time, coffee became so popular that people traveling to the American West in the 1830s made sure to carry coffee beans on the journey.
Pancakes have also been around for a very long time. Researchers believe the world's oldest naturally preserved human mummy ate a pancake-like food as one of his last meals.
Researchers think pancakes may have been made in the morning because they are much quicker to prepare than bread. Cooks could then have to time to make fresh bread for dinner.
Americans still eat breakfast foods like bread and eggs that their ancestors did. Writer Heather Arndt Anderson notes that people's concerns about healthy food choices have also stayed the same.
She says the idea of clean eating and healthy eating has been around for hundreds of years. She adds, "The only thing that's changed has been the details with which we define what these things are — what clean eating is, and being healthy."
Arndt Anderson hopes more Americans will see leftovers as a breakfast food. She adds that leftovers taste good and are a great way to reduce waste.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.coffee beans 咖啡豆

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I love the delightful odour of freshly roasted coffee beans.
我喜欢新烘咖啡豆的清香气味CXOV%&4l!GE-Au4yS

2.In time 及时;适时

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I hope you'll remit me the money in time.
我希望你能及时把钱汇寄给我&OsJ,Tt;)(Nc

3.orange juice 橙汁

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Orange juice seems to disagree with some babies.
橙汁似乎不适合某些婴儿饮用6)a!U|^=YsAT@^W

4.for a very long time 长时间的

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It is possible that your system has been up for a very long time.
系统可能已经运行很长时间了D_39kM7-|5%%

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5.Today, ease is still an important factor when it comes to breakfast.

when it comes to 说到;提及

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When it comes to photography, I'm not an adept.
要说照相,我不是内行|qX&BEHxqDcS+^AYH
They are inexperienced when it comes to decorating.
说到装修,他们就没有什么经验了iAUqVmxPiCz3awt(i

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6.It sort of offered working mothers a chance to let kids take care of themselves in the morning."

take care of 长时间的

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You have to learn to take care of your possessions.
你得学会保管好自己的财物t~iTjvrcg!]Yzae0A[
We need to take care of our bodies.
我们需要注意身体(FOr=RBr1qK^Tq

参考译文

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美国人早餐吃什么?
从美国的早期开始,美国人把最易获得的食物当做早餐开始新的一天sJzUWQCNu]。这些食物通常包括面包、鸡蛋或者是剩饭,即前一晚上没吃完的食物J1ezw4-1u)S&hSd@E&
现如今,“简便”仍然是早餐的一个重要因素JfT,)vOr.,j。然而,人们的饮食随着时间的推移已经发生了变化Hj_|Q=]Rq!pd.,q!C。现在,像谷类食品这样常见的早餐食物是高效营销的结果[2sJ1i=OK-N
“广告其实是为了营销谷物视频而发明的,”希瑟·阿尔恩特·安德森说道Sb4K9TG1q&!P1!NqI7。她是《早餐:一段历史》的作者z8&.96-WP)qyHCB
阿尔恩特·安德森补充道,“广告成功或有效运用的最初方式之一,就是让母亲们相信,让孩子吃这些速溶谷物食品是可以的KaNKBAs7B0U。这给职业妈妈们提供了一个让孩子们在早上照顾自己的机会S~m8(08|e2T#[1hyCT。”
当女性进入职场帮助养家糊口时,谷物成为孩子们可以独立制作的食物4%aNlK|s273%Y#7

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美国人早餐吃什么?.jpg
“那仍旧是一种力量Rf+Ot-od^ouk!5~%([y。真正持久的影响是早餐作为孩子们学习如何自己准备的第一餐,”阿尔恩特·安德森说BuCDAFnfot2
在橙汁成为早餐饮品的过程中,广告也“功不可没”J=L_))6VeA|=EWZtNdD5。在1916年,农民种植的橙子多于以往,因此广告开始大肆宣传,“喝杯橙汁=I,A^eZfgVYbnR2。”他们意在诱导人们相信,喝橙汁是开启一天生活的健康方式之一XXreTmTw23.
两年后,一场席卷全球的流感导致人们为了健康喝更多的橙汁F5WBMV_y[RN7
至于咖啡在美国流行起来,可能要归功于1773年的波士顿倾茶事件shQ.i#X=a]OwK。那年,美国殖民地定居者通过将茶叶倾入波士顿湾来反抗英国的税收yM1N95qJR3。经过一段时间后,咖啡变得很受欢迎以至于19世纪30年代美国西进运动时期,人们一定会随身携带咖啡豆6_0T,D2g02y+Yu5
馅饼在已经出现了很长一段时间.Bg1)#1D]5#BW^+!。研究人员相信,世界上最古老的自然保存的人类木乃伊吃了类似于馅饼的食物作为最后一餐3AXFB+PDsIhWN*W55W
研究人员认为,馅饼被当做早餐可能是因为准备起来比面包更快*WxZ!ggD3ak!cVESdxnQ。这样,厨师们就有时间为晚餐做新鲜面包了&*DzVfE~]yNN^tv3K(
美国人仍然像祖先那样把面包和鸡蛋等食物作为早餐U0&*%rF;Z#。作家希瑟·阿尔恩特·安德森指出,人们对于健康食物选择的担忧也没有改变FPB,6ddK+5,HS%[5
她说干净、健康的饮食理念可能已经存在数百年时间了B__b3Y.*7E^^nzq+]o.。她补充说,“唯一改变的是我们定义这类食物的一些细节CJ,HIFgswk。”
阿尔恩特·安德森希望更多的美国人将剩饭作为早餐食物*d8.f&,4_C(X。她补充说,剩饭味道不错并且是减少浪费的有效途径n4UesTj^jhs!WJ00#o
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • delightfuladj. 令人愉快的,可喜的
  • lastingadj. 永久的,永恒的 动词last的现在分词
  • taxationn. 课税,征税,税金
  • definev. 定义,解释,限定,规定
  • disagreev. 不一致,有分歧,不适应,不适宜
  • factorn. 因素,因子 vt. 把 ... 因素包括进去 vi
  • popularadj. 流行的,大众的,通俗的,受欢迎的
  • persuadevt. 说服,劝说
  • cerealn. 谷类食物,麦片 adj. 谷类的,谷物的
  • popularityn. 普及,流行,名望,受欢迎