VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):伊朗"破核禁"反制美欧
日期:2019-07-09 16:41

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Iran Says It Is Breaking Nuclear Enrichment Limits
Iran's nuclear energy agency says the country has broken limits set in its 2015 nuclear deal with world powers.
The agency reported on Monday that Iran began enriching uranium to 4.5 percent, passing the 3.67 percent limit set under the deal. The international agreement was meant to restrain the country's nuclear activities.
The higher level of uranium enrichment is the second time Iran has violated the agreement. Last week, Iran said it had produced more than 300 kilograms of low-enriched uranium and announced plans to continue making more.
Uranium enriched to 5 percent is reported to be enough to produce fuel for a nuclear energy center. However, it is far below the purity needed to make a nuclear weapon. For such weapons, a purity level of about 90 percent is required.
In recent weeks, Iran said several times that it would surpass limits set by the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. Iran's government is trying to pressure other countries, especially those in Europe which signed the agreement, to do more to help Iran economically.
The United States, China and Russia also signed the 2015 Iran nuclear deal.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said last week that Iran was prepared to enrich "any amount that we want" beyond the 3.67 level. He also announced that Iran would restart construction at the Arak heavy water reactor. That nuclear center was closed as part of the 2015 nuclear deal.
A spokesman for Iran's nuclear agency suggested that Iran may consider enriching uranium to 20 percent. The Associated Press reported his comments.
The official also suggested that Iran might add to its current number of centrifuges -- the devices used to increase the purity of uranium.
US president again warns Iran
U.S. President Donald Trump warned Iran on Sunday to "be careful" about its activities.
Trump spoke soon after Secretary of State Mike Pompeo wrote that: "Nations should restore the longstanding standard of no enrichment for Iran's nuclear program." Pompeo's comments appeared on the social networking service Twitter. He went on to say that, if Iran had nuclear weapons, it would be an even bigger threat to the world.
The United States withdrew from the nuclear deal with Iran last year. At the time, Trump said that the deal was doing little to stop Iran from developing nuclear weapons. The Trump administration then placed additional restrictions on Iran.
France, Britain and Germany have been trying to save the deal by creating a system by which Iran can carry out limited trade. However, Iran's recent activities make even that attempt unlikely to succeed.
Earlier this month, an Iranian oil tanker carrying over 2 million barrels of oil was seized in waters near the British port of Gibraltar. Reports say the oil was meant to go to Syria, which is under European Union sanctions.
I'm Mario Ritter Jr.

重点解析

1.nuclear activities 核活动

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He says previous attempts to pressure Iran have failed to persuade it to stop nuclear activities.
他说,先前向伊朗施压的任何企图都没有能够让伊朗放弃核活动%h@OjsY.HXc1=O~D

2.carry out 实施

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I myself will firmly carry out this plan.
我本人将坚决执行这个计划3yE2yx48b)pM#

3.far below 远低于

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The results were far below our expectations.
成绩远远低于我期望xwI;m~6uOx(

4.nuclear weapons 核武器

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The declaration deals with disarmament and the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.
该声明涉及裁军和防止核武器扩散问题Q!f1mee9~p=fz5

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5.At the time, Trump said that the deal was doing little to stop Iran from developing nuclear weapons.

At the time 当时

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I was out of work at the time.
那时我失业了&k+T0b0di~KI.F^vCEp
I was not in Britain at the time.
当时我不在英国aCXO;e9iagsg7(XR

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6.The Trump administration then placed additional restrictions on Iran.

placed restrictions on 对...设限

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They have also placed restrictions on buying homes and cars, with stricter rules for people without a city hukou.
他们还对没有城市户口的人,设立了更加严格的买房买车规定9eV|a^C~yYPU
The shortage of resource has placed a big restriction on economic development.
资源匮乏已成为经济发展的制约因素8qYF_Uq8L]G

参考译文

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伊朗“破核禁”反制美欧
伊朗原子能机构表示,该国突破了其2015年与世界大国签署的核协议的限制gWhH8XX#oeu3~B0nS
周一,该机构报告称,伊朗开始将铀浓缩水平提升至4.5%,超过了核协议规定的3.67%的上限3!Z[V|k0iG;G;。这项国际协议旨在限制伊朗的核活动wtQo0%c[@1z^P1
这次更高级别的铀浓缩破禁是伊朗第二次违反核协议dPUno[PiK!1J9JIp=g。上周,伊朗表示已经生产了300多公斤低浓缩铀,还宣布将继续生产更多J[;WqeA4[CTH#nf
据报道,浓缩铀水平达到5%足以为一个核能中心生产燃料3id%Yh6+|dNr。然而,这远远低于制造核武器所需的纯度dC&_Q#cpQLEmQkty4A。制造核武器的纯度需达到90%左右OZoN,;h!*VCfP3KNBL*
最近几周,伊朗多次表示,将突破《联合全面行动计划》(伊核协议)设定的限制Ex83_PTWh;27fV.9;1。伊朗政府正试图向其他国家施压,尤其是签署协议的欧洲国家,要求它们在经济上为伊朗提供更多帮助=AqDlXQttXtq6I~uV]w

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伊朗“破核禁”反制美欧.jpg
美国、中国和俄罗斯也签署了2015年伊朗核协议X4!7LSM2l.Xfd
伊朗总统哈桑·鲁哈尼(Hassan Rouhani)上周表示,伊朗准备超过3.67%上限,浓缩到“我们想要的任何数量”q4R2mn71rGFvbs=8J。他还宣布,伊朗将重启阿拉克重水反应堆的建设z4npJXKb1QO)MBQK。作为2015年核协议的一部分,该核中心被关闭~tpbxBWzjcCRf
伊朗原子能机构发言人表示,伊朗可能考虑将铀浓缩水平提升至20%+@OI+M)zf9~tb%。美联社报道了他的评论[GlHF]t#vm7N
这名官员还暗示,伊朗可能会增加现有离心机的数量——用于提高铀纯度的设备~6N@@QCUTWtT2mF
特朗普再次警告伊朗
美国总统特朗普周日警告伊朗,对核活动要“谨言慎行”Z@mptebz7_^wHOlfW)
特朗普发表该言论前不久,美国国务卿蓬佩奥写道:“各国应该恢复伊朗核计划不进行浓缩的长期标准vTYK6(nhwFam[1[%。”蓬佩奥这一评论发表在社交网站推特上O^X6vx_B]8lgxd6w0Ze。他接着称,如果伊朗拥有核武器,将对世界构成更大的威胁lcmwJd#@X+T。”
美国去年退出了与伊朗的核协议^#Tz+)ne#E;!yx_XTl&J。当时,特朗普表示,该协议对阻止伊朗发展核武器几乎没有作用Fc89^3^k5K4J。特朗普政府随后对伊朗施加了更多限制T!nW=%UT.o)GR_-Ys
法国、英国和德国一直试图通过建立一套体系,供伊朗进行有限贸易,以此挽救该协议W,hLczlxC]-。然而,伊朗最近的活动表明,即便是如此的尝试,成功的机会也很渺茫z!TzO~Rn6Akox#QeGJ&
本月早些时候,一艘载有200多万桶石油的伊朗油轮在英国直布罗陀港附近海域被扣留3NQOTh3e#B2,8I+|L。有报道称,这些石油原本是要运往叙利亚的,而叙利亚正受到欧盟的制裁;eAC+Ch-.v82
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • limitedadj. 有限的,被限制的 动词limit的过去式和过去
  • purityn. 纯净,纯正,纯粹
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说
  • additionaladj. 附加的,另外的
  • pressuren. 压力,压强,压迫 v. 施压
  • announced宣布的
  • persuadevt. 说服,劝说
  • socialadj. 社会的,社交的 n. 社交聚会
  • unlikelyadj. 不太可能的
  • tankern. 油轮,坦克中一员