European and United Nations agencies are developing a plan for worldwide action on dealing with waste in outer space, commonly called space junk. The agencies say space junk orbiting the earth must be cleaned up to make room for new satellites launched by private companies and other groups.
Representatives from the European Space Agency and the U.N. Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) met in Vienna, Austria earlier this month to discuss the issue.
Space junk has been a concern since the time of the Space Race between the United States and the former Soviet Union during the 1950s and 60s. Currently, several countries have developed the ability to shoot down satellites, and the situation has gotten worse.
Space junk can be anything from dead satellites, to lost pieces of equipment, to small pieces of paint. Jan Woerner is head of the European Space Agency, or ESA. He says that the amount of space junk is so large that the ESA very frequently has to change its satellites' course to avoid larger objects.
He added that ... space is something like a road, like a street. It's infrastructure and we have to make it clean.
Together, ESA and UNOOSA have launched a campaign to bring attention to the problem of space junk.
Private companies like Space Exploration Technologies, or SpaceX, are seeking to launch thousands of new satellites. The space agencies hope to get countries to agree on action.
Simonetta Di Pippo is head of UNOOSA. She said, You have really more and more countries, more and more private-sector entities entering into the field.
Woerner said he will meet with representatives from the ESA's 22 member states in November. He plans to ask them to support an effort in which his agency would pay one company to bring down one of its old satellites safely. Woerner added that he hopes it will lead to more.
He said the action needed is similar to that on climate change.
We have to get rid of it. And therefore awareness is number 1, and then immediately when we get people also being aware...then we can act, he said.
I'm Jonathan Evans.
1. deal with 处理，应对
...the way that banks deal with complaints.
2. agree on 在……上意见一致
The teachers agree on what the students should do.
太空垃圾一直是人类的一项忧虑，自从美国和前苏联在上世纪五六十年代开始太空竞赛起就成了一项忧虑 。目前，一些国家已经发展了击落卫星的能力 。太空垃圾的问题也愈发严重 。
太空垃圾的范围很广，可以是废弃卫星、丢失的设备、小块的油漆 。韦尔纳是欧洲太空总署（ESA）的署长 。他表示，太空垃圾的量很大，以至于ESA经常不得已改变卫星的轨道，才能避免碰撞到体型更大的物体 。
一些私企，比如太空探索科技（又名SpaceX）正在寻求发射数千个新卫星的办法 。这些太空机构希望各国能达成行动上的一致 。
迪皮蓬是UNOOSA的负责人 。她表示，现在进军太空的国家和私企越来越多了 。
韦尔纳表示他会与来自ESA 22个成员国的代表们于11月进行会晤 。他计划寻求这些代表的支持——ESA打算雇佣一家私企以安全的方式击落一颗老旧的卫星 。韦尔纳补充说道，他希望这次行动之后会有更多类似的行动 。
他表示，我们必须根除太空垃圾 。因此，意识是首要的，然后我们要让大家都提高意识，之后是采取行动 。
Jonathan Evans为您播报 。