VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):世卫组织:登革热感染人数上升
日期:2019-05-22 15:37

(单词翻译:单击)

F3dLLqO53o~*&62V

听力文本

|y_eCY_mlNp.%[

WHO: Dengue Fever Numbers Rise on La Réunion
The World Health Organization on Tuesday said tens of thousands of people are believed to be infected with dengue fever on La Réunion. The island – a French territory – is a popular vacation destination in the Indian Ocean.
Dengue is a set of viruses found in tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. Humans get dengue from being bitten by mosquitos infected with the virus.
Health officials on the island told the WHO of the disease outbreak in March 2018. About 50,000 probable cases of the disease were reported between 2018 and April of this year. That includes 22,000 so far in 2019, the health agency said in a statement.
The WHO described the rise of confirmed and probable cases reported last year as unprecedented.
There is no treatment. But with early discovery and good medical care, fewer than one percent of people infected die from the disease.
The WHO said 14 people have died in the Réunion outbreak since 2018. The territory has a population of 866,500.
Around the world, the number of dengue cases dropped from 2017 to 2018. But there has been a huge increase in 2019, especially in Vietnam, Australia, Cambodia, China, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore.
More about dengue
About one in four people infected with dengue will get sick. Of those who do get sick, the symptoms can be mild to severe.
Severe dengue can be deadly and often requires hospitalization. Only a small percentage of people get severe dengue. Mild dengue can be mistaken for other sicknesses, such as influenza.
Symptoms often begin four to seven days after being bitten and commonly last two days to one week. They can include high fever, severe headaches, fatigue, vomiting, and, in severe cases, bleeding.
The first dengue vaccine, Dengvaxia, was approved in 2015 for use in Mexico, Brazil and the Philippines. Several other countries followed in 2016.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Dengvaxia in 2019. The WHO says the vaccine should not be given to people who have not had an earlier dengue infection.
The World Health Organization notes that dengue fever is now common in over 100 countries. Forty percent of the world's population lives in an area at risk for dengue.
I'm Caty Weaver.

重点解析

1.at risk 处于...的风险

;xBZ+6[ECkB

He emphasized that everyone was at risk for the disease.
他强调说每个人都有感染这种疾病的危险G1-__za,4]

2.high fever 高烧

A)h]^P%19I_u%FU#qK

The doctors attempted to reduce his high fever by inducing diarrhea with a purgative.
医生们尝试用通便药物催泻以使他退烧yC~GJa2sOE_H.fElvOu

3.get sick 生病;患病

n,t4]y+w]d*QOW(FIDp

If your pets get sick, you can have them treated by a veterinarian.
假如你的宠物病了,你可以去找个兽医来医治它们avu4n%dm*5clH_

4.Dengue fever 登革热

L*A|R|QBnhtLfWO

Dengue fever is an acute viral disease caused by the Dengue virus.
登革热是一种由登革热病毒引起的急性传染病83#zRnremHTI_n_txo

bID4VqTq4H^

5.The World Health Organization on Tuesday said tens of thousands of people are believed to be infected with dengue fever on La Réunion.

tens of thousands of 数十万的

2b0N,KJQHg9%xCvN

Tens of thousands of people have been rehearsing for the opening ceremony in the workers 'stadium.
数万人一直在工人体育馆为开幕式进行排练ALHO*uT1Qg_yn=iWM
They somehow contrived to lose tens of thousands of applications.
他们精心策划故意遗失了数万份申请书5!#LArEXk*bILLa

1VqIetkF4KI

6.Only a small percentage of people get severe dengue.

a small percentage of