VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):人造钻石更加环保?
日期:2019-05-13 17:20

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Which Kind of Diamond Is Better for the Environment?
Which kind of diamond is better for the environment and the world we live in: a diamond from a traditional mine or one made in a laboratory?
Some recent reports suggest the answer may not be so clear. At the very least, these reports provide evidence of tensions between two different sectors of the diamond industry.
Lab-grown diamond companies say they are more ethical and cause less harm to Earth's environment.
The traditional diamond sector notes that its businesses help the communities where they operate mines. It says they provide jobs, help build roads and other infrastructure and make investments in conservation.
Some companies, such as De Beers, work on both sides. De Beers sells natural and man-made diamonds.
In the United States, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) investigates reports of deceptive, or misleading, advertising. In April, the commission sent warning letters to eight lab-grown diamond companies.
One of the FTC's concerns was the use of the word ‘eco-friendly,' and similar terms, to describe diamonds made in a laboratory. The lab-grown process requires very high temperatures and uses a lot of energy.
Trucost is a company that estimates the costs of using natural resources. Asked by the Diamond Producers Association to study the issue, Trucost found the carbon intensity of natural diamonds was lower than lab-grown diamonds.
The Trucost report did note that diamond miners should reduce their effect on the environment by using more renewable energy, such as wind power and sunlight.
The Reuters news agency reported that the International Grown Diamond Association did not immediately respond to requests for comments about the story.
I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.a lot of 大量的

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I think a lot of people still underestimate him.
我觉得很多人仍然低估了他-tHl6=7l-w

2.natural resources 自然资源

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They are looking at ways of reducing the waste of natural resources.
他们正在寻找减少自然资源浪费的方法QQ4z&NHuUv0j7HrkYsH

3.carbon intensity 碳强度

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We are making efforts to control greenhouse gas emissions and our carbon intensity is decreasing.
我们正在努力控制温室气体排放,碳强度也在降低m[qI|lOhg27*R0mEX%

4.renewable energy 可再生能源

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We need to invest in clean, renewable energy.
我们需要为清洁的、可再生能源进行投资yf;RlF,Gkq44N-tb]P~

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5.In April, the commission sent warning letters to eight lab-grown diamond companies.

sent letters to 致函...

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And he sent letters to the Spartans, and to other places according to the same form.
为了这事,也给斯巴达人及其他地方写了信&!fTzp|+3~@
He sent letters to all his friends.
他寄信给所有的朋友|~8hm7YGx@K1W-

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6.At the very least, these reports provide evidence of tensions between two different sectors of the diamond industry.

At the very least 至少

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I don't know if this is his strategy, but at the very least it is his method.
我不知道这是不是他的策略,但至少是他的方法OJ+XvV+6ai2
At the very least, you can then say that you tried.
至少,到时候你可以说,我努力过了k@&UYM@|)(

参考译文

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哪一类钻石最环保?
哪一种钻石对环境以及我们所生活的世界更有益呢:传统的矿产钻石还是实验室“种植”的钻石?
最近的一些报告显示,答案可能并不十分明确vmC|mf[z#zsH^5A]e。至少,这些报告提供了钻石界两个不同行业之间关系紧张的证据+j+V6OASwwHl7+HJ)
实验室“种植”的钻石公司表示,他们的钻石更加合乎道德,对地球环境的危害也更小YZkIfN72RG_^f^50Ga
传统钻石行业则指出,他们的业务帮助了矿山开采的周边社区|@0tqvzj_.0XY(;n5。他们提供了就业机会,帮助修建道路和其他基础设施,并在环保方面进行了投资t6h);46@8epi]m12

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人造钻石更加环保.png
戴比尔斯(De Beers)等一些公司在两个行业均有涉猎rw6Kp5U3@I.6NKzS。戴比尔斯既经营天然钻石也出售人造钻石pQ%uy_JYaB1bCPC)V4
在美国,联邦贸易委员会(FTC)调查了欺骗性或误导性的广告报告ZXhImhO)@4IJ。今年4月,该委员会向八家从事实验室培育钻石的公司发出了警告信euXNmnrwYsIh;
该委员会关注的问题之一是,他们在描述实验室培育的钻石时,使用了“环保”等类似术语7S4my~D;3V。实验室培育钻石的过程需要高温环境以及大量的能源_DPA4,OxWhU.J8Y]
Trucost是一家评估自然资源消耗的公司=)P3ISo|z@-CEGu,。应钻石生产商协会(Diamond Producers Association)的要求,Trucost对这一问题展开研究,他们发现天然钻石的碳强度低于实验室培育的钻石%2bzz*R0*gg
Trucost的报告的确指出,钻石开采商应通过使用更多可再生能源来减少对环境的影响,如风能和太阳能8^H|BKEa)BJSv3c]
路透社报道称,国际钻石培育协会没有立即回应有关该报道的置评请求a5hbfQK4nU[D[D
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • ethicaladj. 道德的,伦理的,民族的
  • associationn. 联合,结合,交往,协会,社团,联想
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • deceptiveadj. 迷惑的,虚伪的,诈欺的
  • misleadingadj. 令人误解的
  • intensityn. 强烈,强度
  • traditionaladj. 传统的
  • strategyn. 战略,策略
  • commissionn. 委员会,委托,委任,佣金,犯罪 vt. 委任,委托
  • evidencen. 根据,证据 v. 证实,证明