VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):德国科学家3D打印透明人体器官
日期:2019-05-06 11:24

(单词翻译:单击)

ES4zKKkLnhz

听力文本

z^xcRW=gWbogw.X*LmSQ

German Scientists Create See-Through Human Organs
Scientists in Germany say they have used new technology to create see-through human organs. They say the technology could lead to production of three-dimensional (3D) body parts for use in transplant operations.
The scientists are with Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich. They said they developed a process that uses a solvent to make transparent organs, such as the brain and kidneys.
The German researchers use lasers in a microscope to scan the organ to be replaced. The laser light helps them see the blood vessels and every single cell inside.
The researchers use this information to print out the structure of the whole organ. For this, they need special equipment. They use a 3D printer to manufacture the structure – one that has height, width and length.
The researchers then load the printer with stem cells, which can become any kind of cell in the body. The stem cells act as "ink" in the printer. They are injected into the correct position, making the organ fully operational.
The leader of the study, Ali Erturk, described the new technology as a major development for 3D printing in the medical field.
Until now 3D-printed organs lacked detailed cellular structures because they were based on two kinds of medical scanning technology, he explained. The two are computed tomography (CT) scans and magnetic resonance imaging.
"We can see where every single cell is... we can actually replicate it exactly the same," Erturk said. "I believe we are much closer to a real human organ for the first time now," he added.
Erturk and his team plan to start by creating a transparent, bioprinted pancreas over the next two to three years. They hope to develop a human kidney within 5-6 years.
The researchers will first test to see if animals can live with bioprinted organs and could start tests within five to 10 years, he predicted.
I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.human organs 人类器官

^py76|uz.p)%W3Bz;Sb0

Thousands of people die every year because of the unavailability of human organs for transplantation.
每年有成千上万的人因为人体器官不能进行移植而死亡Ws1#ce2+W-4oF

2.transplant operations 移植手术

sF|7tHs2en&EW_JSn,RM

He was a pioneer in heart transplant operations.
他是心脏移植手术的开创者A)rKhPZ=wGS*TP]T-N

3.blood vessels 血管

Cp]-Y)M[,JjEFp*3S)h

Don't use cold water as it shocks the blood vessels into closing up.
不要用冷水,那样会刺激血管闭合=xday8&tbb

4.medical field 医疗领域

WVSOkr_j,E8B%,vJ*;z&

As a doctor, she has a lot of expertise in the medical field.
作为一名医生,她有很多的医学专业知识[LYic=(][lyJ08e1~0O

Sq3,e6Q5mM~;lvh

5.Until now 3D-printed organs lacked detailed cellular structures because they were based on two kinds of medical scanning technology, he explained.

be based on 基于

nAL@I3MHybvwLi+k

Democracy is based on good will and mutual understanding.
民主建立在善意和相互理解的基础上62|fA43#edS6Yxn[tc
The treaty was based on a bargain between the French and German governments.
这个条约是以法国和德国政府之间的一个协议为基础的jxh#Go,H68b*dc#tN*

=iX1)@mCIkX+Bqh_

6.The stem cells act as "ink" in the printer.

act as 充当;担当

.B-M,sXtYoMRIbN!(NQ

A trained dog can act as a guide to a blind person.
经过训练的狗能担任盲人的向导x2I77nDue&G|7-
We hope this book will act as a bridge between doctor and patient
我们希望这本书能成为医生与患者之间沟通的桥梁[BD(,I|0w0m

参考译文

[0fa&0McqF5p|,]-r

德国科学家3D打印透明人体器官
德国科学家称,他们利用一项新技术创造出透明的人体器官C)4*m5wtbT&F。他们表示,这项技术可以生产出用于移植手术的3D人体器官T2%Z=.QwCEv1AExK!O4
这些科学家任职于慕尼黑的Ludwig Maximilians大学R]+Wnm*;0s^@uQIpP。他们表示,他们研发出一种利用溶剂制造透明器官的方法,例如,大脑和肾脏W8T890MFUt0
这些德国研究员在显微镜中使用激光扫描待替换的器官1!O-D]hr)rUU05qSu。激光有助于他们观察血管以及血管内的每个细胞*84GfbQ!Rqb~5cIS83Ko
研究人员利用这一信息打印整个器官结构zP50Z9AyCwmJz@。为此,他们需要特殊的设备KzGh~S,%%HC]J3g+C&。他们使用3D打印机制作出有高、宽和长的(器官)结构ML741Izm9)5*zEtRk2Q5

o6-[XD2qk[-]H^2X

德国科学家3D打印透明人体器官.png
然后,研究人员将干细胞装入打印机,干细胞可以转换为人体中的任何一种细胞eHXYK+S3ZQPrWSrk8Ot。干细胞在打印机中充当“墨水”TgwdK5xLVCx).bNJ6mM^。他们被注射到正确的位置,使器官完全正常运转hdO[F);0i-@zr=.wtL8
领导这项研究的阿里·埃尔特克(Ali Erturk)称这项新技术为:3D打印在医学领域的一个重大发展.;^bLvg*,3Zgft7Ui5#
他解释说,到目前为止,3D打印器官缺乏详细的细胞结构,因为它们毕竟是基于两种医学扫描技术的图像.M[qI[W]B%XA!JL。这两种技术分别是计算机断层扫描(CT)和磁共振成像=@f-%-a.ohUGm
“我们能够看到每个细胞的位置……实际上我们可以完全复制它,”埃尔特克表示,l7(LOYoGg9kR)%。“我相信我们现在第一次离真正的人体器官更近了,”他补充说i~2xU&s^^Q4G
埃尔特克和他的团队计划在接下来的两三年内先制造一个透明的生物打印胰腺p1bK81cVZBi。他们希望在未来五六年内培育出人类肾脏JCMzm^R3*6XTxJF5M2h]
研究员们将首先测试动物能否在生物打印器官下存活,并且可能在五到十年内开展临床测试sC0sO^8644
苏珊·尚德为您播报FQ6@CX^p@J.g9EkU

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

BMI%5SdTDkZHou4*&J1c56C14u=u.kA-adx~Am%FZ^J0~+
分享到
重点单词
  • magneticadj. 有磁性的,有吸引力的,催眠术的
  • transplantationn. 移植;移民;迁移
  • manufacturen. (复)产品,制造,制造业 v. 制造,捏造
  • celln. 细胞,电池,小组,小房间,单人牢房,(蜂房的)巢室
  • pancreasn. 胰脏
  • microscopen. 显微镜
  • democracyn. 民主,民主制,民主国家
  • lasern. 激光,镭射
  • cellularadj. 细胞的,松织的 n. 手机
  • detailedadj. 详细的