VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):安哥拉缺乏洁净水催生快递服务
日期:2019-04-28 12:04

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Lack of Clean Water in Angola Leads to Delivery Services
In recent years, Angola has become one of the richest countries in Africa. One reason is money earned by Angola's oil industry. In 2017, business advisory service Mercer named the capital, Luanda, the most costly city for foreigners to live in.
But, many Luandans do not have access to even basic needs.
Luanda is surrounded on three sides by water: the Bengo and Cuanza Rivers and the Atlantic Ocean. Yet only half of its eight million people have access to clean, running water.
Many people in and around Angola's capital must use untreated water for everyday activities – and even for work.
Car washers like Herminio Chitembo, for example, use untreated sewage water to earn a living.
Chitembo says he and other car washers do this kind of work for survival. They are unemployed — that is why they are here.
The United Nations Children's Agency reports that nationwide, forty-four percent of Angolans still do not have access to clean water.
Agency representative Patricia Portela De Sousa says a lack of access to safe drinking water, sanitation systems and hygiene are the main causes of infectious diseases. She said this "means that many people are in danger." Not having safe water, she added, equals a high chance of getting diseases and even dying.
Angolan officials are working to improve access. But the lack of clean water is a business opportunity for hundreds of young men. They bring drinking water to buyers across the city.
Eliseu André Paulo says people need this water because, in the neighborhood where they sell it, there is no water at all. There are water taps, but the taps have never had running water.
The United States Agency for International Development found that Angola has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in water and sanitation infrastructure in recent years. But continuous access to improved water and sanitation remains an issue.
The Public Water Company of Luanda, known as EPAL, admits there is a serious water shortage.
EPAL representative Vladimir Bernardo says Luanda's water company has an average production level of 540,000 cubic meters of water per day. But the daily need is over a million cubic meters.
Luanda's water company says financial issues have slowed progress, but its current infrastructure projects will soon improve access to clean water.
For now, Angolans do their best to survive, using the dirty water they have or the clean water they can sell.
I'm Alice Bryant.

重点解析

1.in danger 处于危险中

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All of us will struggle fairly hard to survive if we are in danger.
所有人在身处险境时都会努力地要保住性命1o4W(Jkp4kiZtE

2.oil industry 石油工业

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Our oil industry is developing rapidly.
我国石油工业发展迅速M#m|]Z=v]srm;

3.sewage water 污水

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It was shown that great majority of oil is present in the form of floating oil in sewage water.
实验表明,污水中的油主要以浮油形式存在rukPy;E;h%2C

4.have access to 使用;可以利用

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Companies must have access to complete and clear laws and rules that govern them.
公司必须有机会了解管理他们的完整明晰的法律和规则~&H0yrvvib

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5.The United States Agency for International Development found that Angola has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in water and sanitation infrastructure in recent years.

hundreds of millions of 数亿的

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For years, hundreds of millions of Chinese have purchased new smartphones.
多年来,数亿中国人购买了新的智能手机O3U=pSfQ3AmAx
It took hundreds of millions of years to produce the life that now inhabits the earth.
地球历经了许多亿年才创造了栖息其上的生命xPKy9Nf-botCTZV%7q

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6.The United States Agency for International Development found that Angola has invested hundreds of millions of dollars in water and sanitation infrastructure in recent years.

in recent years 近几年

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An area in which the computer has made considerable strides in recent years is in playing chess
近年来,计算机应用取得长足进步的一个领域是国际象棋!mczB@B_5]p^p=wX4._
He has made a string of outspoken and sometimes provocative speeches in recent years.
他近些年发表了一连串直言不讳、有时带煽动性的演说bgrO[7qUdQH-_UtuC%mH

参考译文

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安哥拉缺乏洁净水催生快递服务
近年来,安哥拉成为非洲最富有的国家之一Mt2IZYMZRK[(_FY.^。原因之一是安哥拉的石油工业的盈利cC;7vRAZal3R;P。2017年,美世业务咨询公司将首都罗安达列为外国人生活成本最高昂的城市,eZX~Evrvj
但是,很多罗安达人甚至无法满足基本的(生活)需求[,iWxveuCJ3_
罗安达三面环水,分别是本戈河(Bengo)、宽扎河(Kwanza)以及大西洋ces#b;%abK(_6。然而,在该国800万人口中,只有一半人能够获得清洁的自来水jBEDsCW5[8jk
安哥拉首都及其周边地区的很多居民必须使用未经处理的水源进行日常活动,甚至工作@nC9zRAj#y4-KO@C
例如,像厄米诺·齐丹波(Herminio Chitembo)这样的洗车工会利用未经处理的污水谋生4WbHfD.]I),!aIKx2
齐丹波表示,他和其他洗车工靠这份工作糊口*S97CHaw8YfKzimLZ。他们失业了——这也是他们到这来的原因5ZsNPruZ[-d]M1K
联合国儿童基金会报告称,在安哥拉,全国有54%的人仍然无法获得洁净水83jhyq|N]v^d|LO2q

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安哥拉缺乏洁净水.jpg
该基金会代表帕特里夏·波特拉·德苏萨表示,无法获得洁净水、卫生系统以及个人卫生是导致传染病的主要原因O=p,Vf+)7G[Ri;TBe9@b。她说,这意味着“很多人面临危险TGI&D0BEAy0wY99+2。”她补充说,没有安全的水源,意味着患病甚至死亡的风险很高.H(R~^qh1z.bbSSUFb%|
安哥拉官员正在努力改善饮水条件kvZR0*Z3(X3wLTcx。但对数百名年轻人来说,缺乏干净水源带来了商机txAtJM3hmH。他们为城市各地的居民提供饮用水7D,r)X,,KY2zB
埃莉·安德烈·保罗指出,人们需要这些洁净水,因为他们供应水的社区根本没有水^4X,AYs*eV。虽然有水龙头,但从来没流过自来水~XO3l|0Y-BNSAM
美国国际开发署发现,安哥拉近年来在水和卫生基础设施方面投入了数亿美元eOSPSDTvC00%。但是持续获得改善的水和卫生设施仍然是一个问题nGu5k,7F=gj)R*I8A!m5
罗安达公共供水公司(EPAL)承认,水资源严重短缺_W+L9vUhfRFV3J
该公司代表弗拉基米尔·贝尔纳多(Vladimir Bernardo)指出,罗安达的自来水公司平均每天生产54万立方米的水1QB=&U^EIuM.b(4K!~Ds。但是每天的需求量超过一百万立方米(375UL~XbWX!dTO(F0w
罗安达的自来水公司称,财政问题减缓了供水进程,但是,罗安达目前的基础设施项目将很快改善洁净水的供应Vw1KALrg6U6+Xc,xXYb
目前,安哥拉人利用他们可以得到的污水或是可以出售的洁净水尽最大努力地生存下去B)QOIkC5u)-7l=QVG,_
爱丽丝·布莱恩特为您播报S;Fv0D#*i-WT#tns

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • producen. 产品,农作物 vt. 生产,提出,引起,分娩,制片
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • stringn. 线,一串,字串 vt. 串起,成串,收紧,悬挂;系
  • majorityn. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派 n. 法定年龄
  • provocativeadj. 气人的,挑拨的,刺激的 n. 刺激物,挑拨物,
  • survivevt. 比 ... 活得长,幸免于难,艰难度过 vi.
  • continuousadj. 连续的,继续的,连绵不断的
  • representativeadj. 代表性的,代议制的,典型的 n. 代表,众议员
  • governvt. 统治,支配,管理,规定 vi. 统治,执行
  • currentn. (水、气、电)流,趋势 adj. 流通的,现在的,