Could Rising Sea Levels Flood Hawaii Famous Beaches?
Rising sea levels could flood Hawaii's famous Waikiki Beach and the city streets of Honolulu in the next 15 to 20 years.
That information comes from a state climate commission. The commission also shared a video showing how flooding and erosion already affect many parts of Hawaii.
That is not good news for a state where tourism is the main driver of the economy. Hawaiian lawmakers are trying to pass new laws that would involve spending millions of dollars to protect coastlines and cities from rising tides.
State Representative Chris Lee has put forward a bill calling for a coastline protection plan. He said, "The latest data on sea level rise is quite scary and it's accelerating faster than we ever thought possible."
Lee added that the program would center on Honolulu, Hawaii's capital. But it could become a test program for other coastal communities around the state.
Hawaii has rarely been directly hit by hurricanes. However, Lee writes in the bill that warming oceans increase the risk of hurricanes for the state. The bill estimates that if a major hurricane made landfall in Hawaii, it would cost $40 billion for the state to recover.
Lee said, "The loss of coastal property and infrastructure, increased cost for storm damage and insurance, and loss of life are inevitable if nothing is done...."
The proposed legislation is similar to action taken by New York City in 2012, after a major storm led to $19 billion in damage in the city. The Hawaii bill also seeks more research into a carbon tax that could raise money and lower the state's dependence on fossil fuels.
Democrats lead both houses of Hawaii's legislature. The state traditionally has taken a leading role on climate issues. Lee said state lawmakers are to meet in the coming weeks to discuss final changes before sending the bill to Hawaii Governor David Ige. Ige, who is also a Democrat, has not said whether he would sign the bill.
The bill comes two years after the sea level rise adaptation report was made public as a guideline for future legislative action and planning.
Research included in the report suggests Hawaii will see nearly a one-meter rise in ocean levels by the end of this century. It predicts that more than 6,000 of the state's buildings and 20,000 people across all of Hawaii's islands will experience continuing flooding.
The report says roads, bridges and beaches will be washed away. And the state's seaports and airports will likely also be affected.
The report was updated in September to included newly published research. The new research warns that previous estimates of flooding could be 35 to 54 percent lower.
University of Hawaii researcher Tiffany Anderson led the study. Anderson said she was surprised by the large increase when the effect of beach erosion was added to the study. She said, "We found out it covers a lot more land ... I wasn't expecting such a large increase..."
State Representative Nicole Lowen said people hoping to build near the coast should already be wary. She also warned that sea level rise and climate change would impact "an economy that's so heavily based on tourism ..."
I'm Pete Musto.
1.sea levels 海平面
If global warming melts the world's ice, then sea levels will rise.
2.based on 基于
The reports were based on inaccurate information.
3.climate change 气候变化
We need to assess the impact on climate change.
4.found out 发现
I found out my phone was bugged.
5.State Representative Chris Lee has put forward a bill calling for a coastline protection plan.
put forward 提出
The students have put forward a series of questions.
The President is to put forward new proposals for resolving the country's constitutional crisis
6.The state traditionally has taken a leading role on climate issues.
take a leading role 起带头作用
Jack never likes to take a leading role in any affair.
I felt it was important for women to join and take a leading role.
这一信息出自夏威夷气候委员会 。该委员会还分享了一则视频，视频显示洪水和侵蚀已经影响到夏威夷的许多地区 。
对于一个以旅游业为经济主要推动力的州来说，这不是一个好消息 。夏威夷州的立法者正试图通过新的法律，包括耗资数百万美元保护海岸线和城市免受涨潮的影响 。
州代表克里斯·李（Chris Lee）提出一项法案，呼吁制定海岸线保护计划 。他指出，“有关海平面上升的最新数据十分可怕，而且上升速度远比我们想象的还要快 。”
李补充说，这一项目将以夏威夷首府——檀香山为中心 。但是它可能成为该州其他沿海社区的一个试点项目 。
夏威夷很少遭到飓风的直接袭击 。然而，李在法案中写道，海洋变暖加大了该州遭遇飓风的风险 。该法案估计，如果一场大型飓风袭击夏威夷，那么该州将花费400亿美元进行恢复 。
这项拟议的立法与2012年纽约市采取的措施类似，当时，一场大型风暴导致纽约市损失了190亿美元 。这项夏威夷法案还寻求对碳税进行更多研究，以此筹措资金，降低该州对化石燃料的依赖 。
民主党人领导着夏威夷立法机构的两院 。该州一直以来在气候问题上发挥着主导作用 。李表示，州立法议员将在未来几周内开会商讨最终的修改，再将该法案送交夏威夷州长大卫·伊格，伊格也是民主党人，他并未透露是否会签署该法案 。
报告中包括的研究表明，到本世纪末，夏威夷的海平面将上升近一米 。该机构预测，夏威夷州6000多栋建筑和2万多居民将继续遭受洪水的袭击 。
报告称，道路、桥梁和海滩将被淹没 。该州的海港和机场也可能会受到影响 。
该报告在9月份进行了更新，纳入了最新发表的研究 。这项新研究警告，先前对洪水的估计可能被低估了35%到54% 。
夏威夷大学的研究员蒂芙尼·安德森（Tiffany Anderson）领导了这项研究 。安德森表示，当把海滩侵蚀的影响列入这项研究里时，她对这种大规模增长感到惊讶 。她说：“我们发现它覆盖了更多的土地……没想到会有这么大的增长……”
州代表妮可·劳文（Nicole Lowen）表示，希望在海岸附近建造房屋的居民保持警惕 。她还警告称，海平面上升和气候变化将影响“严重依赖旅游业的经济……”