‘Reiwa’ Chosen as Name for Rule of New Japanese Emperor
Japanese officials have chosen a name for the period of rule of Japan's incoming emperor.
Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga announced the name on Monday in Tokyo.
Crown Prince Naruhito will become emperor on May 1, one day after Japanese Emperor Akihito leaves the position. This will be only the second time in nearly 100 years that Japan has welcomed a new era.
Although use of the era is not required by Japanese law, it is widely used on government and business papers, calendars and other documents.
The current era, known as "Heisei" under Emperor Akihito, has lasted 30 years. The term is often defined as meaning "peace prevails everywhere." During that period, Japan has not been involved in a war, but has experienced natural disasters and economic troubles.
The new era is to be called "Reiwa." It was chosen by a group appointed by the government from names suggested by scholars.
Rules require that the name have two Japanese characters, known as Kanji, which are easily read and written but are unusual or literary in nature. The first character can be defined to mean "order" and the second as "harmony" or "peace."
The term comes from a poem about plum blossoms in a collection of Japanese poems called "Manyoshu." It is said to have been written about 1,300 years ago.
After the announcement, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe spoke about the meaning of Reiwa. Abe described it as: "culture is born and nurtured as the people's hearts are beautifully drawn together." He expressed his wishes that the new era would be "filled with hope."
Over more than one thousand years, Japanese era names have come from Chinese classic literature. Abe said the "Manyoshu" was chosen because it was Japan's oldest collection of poetry written by royal family members and ordinary people.
Abe has expressed support for the image of the emperor, who enjoys wide public support.
Japan's current constitution was written after World War II. The constitution denounces war and gives the emperor no political power.
Emperor Akihito gained what is known as the Chrysanthemum Throne in 1989 after the death of Hirohito, Japan's emperor during World War II.
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1.Crown Prince 皇太子；皇储
Bahrain's crown prince was invited but decided not to attend because of unrest in his country.
2.royal family 王室；皇族
He did his best to ingratiate himself with the royal family.
3.public support 公众支持
The President is attempting to drum up public support for his economic program.
4.political power 政治权利
The new institutions do not encroach on political power.
5.Japan has not been involved in a war, but has experienced natural disasters and economic troubles.
natural disasters 自然灾害
Man-made and natural disasters have disrupted the Government's economic plans.
Poverty and human folly magnify natural disasters.
6.He expressed his wishes that the new era would be "filled with hope."
be filled with 充满
His voice filled with fatherly concern
Maria's eyes filled with tears.
皇太子德仁（Naruhito）将在明仁天皇退位次日，即5月1日即位新天皇 。这将是近100年来日本第二次迎来新的年号 。
目前是明仁天皇的“平成”年号，已经持续了30年 。“平成”一词常被解释为“四海和平 。”在此期间，日本虽然没有卷入战争，但是却饱受自然灾害和经济问题的困扰 。
新年号被称为“令和” 。这是由政府任命的一个小组根据学者建议的年号中择选的 。
根据规定，年号必须有两个日本汉字，便于阅读和书写，但是不太常见，或具有文学的本质特征 。年号“令和”的第一个字可以解释为“秩序”，第二个字可解释为“和谐”或“和平” 。
在新年号公布后，日本首相安倍晋三谈到“令和”年号的意义 。安倍称其为：“文化在人们美丽心灵相互吸引后生根、发芽” 。他表示，希望这个新时代充满希望 。
一千多年来，日本的年号均取自中国古典文学作品 。安倍表示，选择《万叶集》是因为这是日本最古老的诗集，由王室成员和普通百姓撰写而成 。
日本现行宪法是在二战后编写的 。这部宪法谴责了战争，并剥夺了天皇的政治权力 。
1989年裕仁天皇去世后，明仁天皇即位 。裕仁天皇是日本二战期间的天皇 。