日期:2019-04-02 10:58





Refugees from Sudan Putting Pressure on Egypt
Conflict and political unrest in Africa has forced thousands of people to flee their homelands in the hope of finding better lives.
Many Sudanese and their families have sought refuge across the border in Egypt. But the large number of refugees is placing a strain on Egypt's resources.
El Hadi Osman is a refugee from Khartoum, the Sudanese capital. He told VOA that he left Sudan for religious reasons. He worked as a writer and reporter until Sudanese police targeted him for becoming a Christian.
El Hadi said that police told him to stop going to religious services and reject Christianity, but he refused. "When they jailed me, they beat me and hung me upside down in prison," he added.
El Hadi said that he fled to Cairo in 2014 after spending weeks in a Sudanese jail. When he arrived, he spent weeks sleeping on a walkway in a poor neighborhood. Now, he seeks help from refugee agencies to find work in order to survive.
Sudanese refugees in Egypt, like El Hadi, keep a watchful eye on events back in Sudan. Many dream of returning home if the current leadership there changes.
Santo Makoi is a political refugee from South Sudan. He studied fine arts at Khartoum University in Sudan's north before the south became independent in 2011. He worked for a European non-governmental organization called War Child, where he taught refugee children how to paint.
Santo is registered as a refugee with the United Nations, but continues to create art at a studio created by an Egyptian aid group.
Nour Khalil is a lawyer and represents immigrants living in Egypt. Khalil says the refugee crisis there is even worse than official reports suggest. Tens of thousands of Syrians, Yemenis, Ethiopians, Eritreans and Libyans have left their countries because of the many conflicts in the area. Many of these individuals are not officially registered with the U.N. refugee agency, the UNHCR.
At a recent gathering of heads of state and government from Europe and Africa, Egypt's president said that his country is heavily burdened by the millions of refugees living there.
President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi added that Egypt has "prevented boat-loads of refugees from leaving its territory for Europe since 2016."
The UNHCR says Egypt has given refugees protection, health care, schooling, as well as the right to work.
A UNHCR spokesperson told VOA that the United Nations "makes sure that they have access to basic services and are also supported and protected in the best way we can." But she added that the current resistance to refugees in many countries is delaying the work of her organization. She noted that "only 55,000 refugees out of millions were resettled [by UNHCR] in other countries last year."
For now, the life of a refugee in Egypt has become a struggle. Many refugees choose to go on to Libya and, from there, try to reach Europe by boat. Many others have also found themselves detained in a Libyan jail under what have been described as inhuman conditions.
I'm Jonathan Evans.


1.For now 目前;暂时


Although the shooting has stopped for now, the destruction left behind is enormous.

2.as well as 和...一样;也


Moral as well as financial support was what the West should provide.

3.makes sure 确信


Make sure you are strapped in very well, or else you will fall out.

4.health care 卫生保健


He's already solicited their support on health care reform.


5.Conflict and political unrest in Africa has forced thousands of people to flee their homelands in the hope of finding better lives.

in the hope of 希望


We came to this small town in the hope of living a simple life.
We are writing to you in the hope of establishing business relationship with you.


6.Tens of thousands of Syrians, Yemenis, Ethiopians, Eritreans and Libyans have left their countries because of the many conflicts in the area.

Tens of thousands of 成千上万的


They somehow contrived to lose tens of thousands of applications.
Tens of thousands of men, year after year, have travelled southwards to find work.



艾哈迪·奥斯曼(El Hadi Osman)是来自苏丹首都喀土穆的难民%.q[;YsKY.EBTf-gX%。他告诉美国之音,他逃离苏丹是出于宗教原因TLo*LVuEKPXpzX。在因基督徒身份被苏丹警察列为目标之前,他一直担任作家和记者pVtRl9QZJq-EHSp|


桑托·马科伊(Santo Makoi)是一名来自南苏丹的政治难民x(D-2V8%LsgiI~.。在2011年南苏丹独立之前,他在苏丹北部的喀土穆大学学习美术~.1ZoZ^O851hZXXc。他曾在一家名为“战争儿童”的欧洲非政府组织工作,教难民儿童绘画g8M_fxDHOV6uUTbU
努尔·哈利勒(Nour Khalil)是一名律师,也是居住在埃及的移民代表=+4DHZJ_Ai4a_+aq。哈利勒表示,那里的难民危机远比官方报告所说的严重Y*xtK+V2MOSsaio4。由于该地区发生了大量冲突,成千上万的叙利亚人、也门人、埃塞俄比亚人、厄立特里亚人以及利比亚人都背井离乡,其中很多人都没有在联合国难民署正式登记@L2rECJINCCX#
阿卜杜勒·法塔赫·塞西(Abdel Fattah al Sisi)总统还表示,埃及自2016年起一直阻止满载难民的船只离开埃及前往欧洲k0SowA[y!u[r_


  • fleevi. 逃跑,逃走,消失,(时间)飞逝 vt. 逃避
  • strainn. 紧张,拉紧,血统 v. 劳累,拉紧,过份使用
  • bordern. 边界,边境,边缘 vt. 与 ... 接壤,加边于
  • pressuren. 压力,压强,压迫 v. 施压
  • protectionn. 保护,防卫
  • beatv. 打败,战胜,打,敲打,跳动 n. 敲打,拍子,心跳
  • jailn. 监牢,监狱,拘留所 vt. 监禁,下狱
  • destructionn. 破坏,毁灭,破坏者
  • reformv. 改革,改造,革新 n. 改革,改良
  • conflictn. 冲突,矛盾,斗争,战斗 vi. 冲突,争执,抵触