Many in Congo Do Not Believe Ebola Virus Is Real
Health experts are concerned about Ebola Virus Disease spreading in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Eastern Congo is currently facing the second-deadliest Ebola outbreak in history.
More than 600 people have already died from the disease since last August. Hundreds more are infected.
But a recent study found that one out of four people questioned in eastern Congo last year do not believe the Ebola virus is real. Nearly half said they thought some people were making up the Ebola outbreak in order to gain money or power. Their beliefs are strengthened by the economic and political insecurity in the area.
The study was published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal. It was based on interviews done last September, about a month after the outbreak was first reported.
Beliefs can help spread – or stop – the deadly virus
Researchers say the study showed how people's misguided ideas about Ebola were making it harder to fight the virus.
Ebola is spread through body fluids, so stopping the virus depends on isolating those who are infected. They must be separated from the rest of the population.
But those who did not believe Ebola is real were far less likely to seek help at a treatment center. They were also less likely to agree to an Ebola vaccine.
Eva Erlach is with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. The group has more than 800 trained volunteers working to tell people in eastern Congo how they can prevent the disease.
Erlach called the findings "absolutely interesting," even if the interviews were done more than six months ago. She said they showed the connection between trust and preventive measures.
Tariq Riebl of the International Rescue Committee is currently working in eastern Congo. He said the findings confirm what he and other workers are seeing. As the virus spreads, helping communities take steps to prevent the disease is almost as important as treatment, he said.
Riebl added: "It doesn't matter if you have all the treatment options available because no one is ever arriving to take advantage of that."
I'm Jonathan Evans.
1.making up 编造
He is very quick at making up excuses.
2.depends on 依靠；依赖
The success or failure of the matter depends on your own effort.
3.take advantage of 利用
I want to take advantage of your lifetime of scholarship.
4.as important as 和...一样重要
You must not be too hasty in something as important as marriage.
5.Nearly half said they thought some people were making up the Ebola outbreak in order to gain money or power.
in order to 为了
In order to ensure success we must have a complete and thorough plan.
In order to transform their environment, he drew up the project with painstaking accuracy.
6.As the virus spreads, helping communities take steps to prevent the disease is almost as important as treatment, he said.
take steps to 采取措施
We should take steps to prevent war.
She is not content with her present lot and wishes to take steps to improve it.
从去年8月以来，有600多人死于这一疾病 。另有数百人被感染 。
但是最近一项研究发现，去年刚果东部有1/4受访群众不相信埃博拉病毒的存在 。近半数人认为，有人造谣埃博拉疫情来获取金钱或权力 。他们的这种观点因该地区经济和政治的不安全被进一步强化 。
伊娃·埃拉赫（Eva Erlach）在红十字会和红新月国际联合会任职 。该组织有800多名训练有素的志愿者，他们正在向刚果东部的人们普及如何预防该疾病 。
埃拉赫称，该研究结果“绝对有趣”，即便采访是在六个多月前完成的 。她说，这表明了信任与预防措施之间的联系 。
国际救援委员会的塔里克·瑞博尔（Tariq Riebl）目前正在刚果东部工作 。他说，这一调查结果证实了他和其他员工所看到的情况 。他说，随着病毒传播，帮助社区采取措施预防这种疾病和治疗同等重要 。