WHO Calls for Gene Editing Registration
World Health Organization experts said last week it would be irresponsible for any scientist to do human gene-editing studies in people. They also called for a central registry of gene-editing studies to make sure scientists are open and honest about their work.
The WHO group was set up three months ago after a Chinese scientist announced he had edited the genes of twin babies. They met for the first time last Tuesday in Geneva, Switzerland.
The group said it had agreed on a way to set rules for gene-editing research. It also asked the WHO to start setting up a registry for such studies immediately.
"The committee will develop...guidance for all those working on this new technology" said the WHO's chief scientist, Soumya Swamanathan.
Last year, a Chinese scientist claimed to have edited the genes of two baby girls. They were born to the same mother in the same pregnancy.
News of the births led to condemnation from around the world. Many people believed it might be the start of "designer babies," children whose genes have been edited to give them desirable traits or qualities.
Scientists and ethicists from seven countries called recently for a suspension of gene editing that would result in genetically-altered babies. They warned the process could have permanent and possibly harmful effects on human beings.
The WHO group said in a statement that any human gene editing work should be done for research only. It also said trials of gene-editing should not be done on humans.
The WHO's director-general, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, welcomed the group's plans. "Gene editing holds (great) promise for health, but it also poses some risks, both ethically and medically," he said.
The group said it aims over the next two years to produce governance rules for national, local and international officials to make sure that human genome editing science progresses within agreed ethical limits.
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2.make sure 确信
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3.result in 导致
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4.harmful effects 不良影响
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5.The group said it had agreed on a way to set rules for gene-editing research.
set rules for 为...制定规则
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6.World Health Organization experts said last week it would be irresponsible for any scientist to do human gene-editing studies in people.
be irresponsible for 对...不负责
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They have been much too irresponsible for their high position.
世界卫生组织专家上周表示，任何科学家进行人类基因编辑研究都是不负责任的 。他们还呼吁建立基因编辑研究的中央登记处，确保科学家们对研究保持公开、诚实 。
该世卫组织小组于三个月前成立，此前，一位中国科学家宣布他编辑了一对双胞胎婴儿的基因 。上周二，小组成员在瑞士日内瓦进行了首次会面 。
该小组表示，已就制定基因编辑研究规则达成一致 。他们还要求世卫组织立即开始为此类研究设立一个登记处 。
世卫组织首席科学家苏穆亚·斯瓦米纳桑（Soumya Swaminathan）表示：“委员会将为从事这项新技术的所有人制定指导原则 。”
女婴出生的消息引来全球各地的谴责 。很多人认为，这可能是“设计婴儿”的开端，这类婴儿的基因经过编辑，使他们具有理想的特征或品质 。
来自7个国家的科学家和伦理学家最近呼吁暂停会导致基因改变婴儿的基因编辑技术 。他们警告说，这一过程可能对人类产生永久性、甚至有害的影响 。
世卫组织小组在一份声明中表示，任何人类基因编辑工作都应仅限于研究 。该小组称，不应进行人类基因编辑试验 。
世卫组织总干事特德罗斯·阿达诺姆·盖布雷耶苏斯对该小组的计划表示欢迎 。他说，“基因编辑（技术）为人类健康带来了很大的希望，但在伦理和医学方面也造成了一定的风险 。”