US Senate Rejects Trump’s Emergency Order, Veto Expected
Twelve Republican senators on Thursday joined Democrats to vote against American President Donald Trump's declaration of a national emergency.
The vote for the resolution to end the border emergency passed in the U.S. House of Representatives last month.
The 59-41 Senate vote, however, is short of the two-thirds majority that will be needed to overturn Trump's veto.
Minutes after the Senate vote, Trump wrote on Twitter, "VETO!"
The 1976 National Emergencies Act gives presidents special powers to declare an emergency during a crisis. Congress can end a state of emergency with a joint resolution. If the president vetoes the resolution, Congress would need two-thirds of lawmakers to vote to end the declaration.
Thursday's vote marked the first time that Congress has rejected a presidential emergency under the act.
The vote was also one of the few times that the Republican-controlled Senate has voted against Trump's position. But it is the second time this week; on Wednesday, the Senate voted to end U.S. support of the Saudi-led coalition's war in Yemen.
Trump declared a national emergency last month to get the money needed to build a wall along the nation's border with Mexico. Trump had demanded $5.7 billion to build the wall. But Congress, which is powered with making spending decisions, only provided $1.4 billion for barriers.
Republican Senators Susan Collins of Maine, Lisa Murkowski of Alaska and Rand Paul of Kentucky had already announced their opposition to Trump's emergency declaration. On Thursday, Senators Lamar Alexander of Tennessee and Mitt Romney of Utah joined them.
Senator Alexander said Trump's action was "inconsistent with the U.S. Constitution that I took an oath to support." He added that Congress has the power to control spending.
Senator Romney was the Republican Party's 2012 presidential nominee. He said in a statement that Trump's declaration is "an invitation to further expansion and abuse by future presidents."
Democrats have long said there is no emergency at the border. They say Trump issued his declaration only to secure his campaign promise to "Build the Wall."
After the president's veto, the strongest chance of blocking Trump's emergency order is likely to be through legal action taken by Democratic state attorneys general, environmental groups and others.
1.vote against 投票反对
The Party announced that it would not vote against the measure in parliament.
2.legal action 法律诉讼
Martin was thinking of taking legal action against Zuckerman.
3.attorneys general 检察官
We had a long meeting with the attorney general.
4.campaign promise 竞选承诺
The governor was attacked by the press for failing to keep a campaign promise.
5.Senator Alexander said Trump's action was "inconsistent with the U.S. Constitution that I took an oath to support."
took an oath to 宣誓
He took an oath to give up gambling.
They bristled with anger and took an oath to revenge their friends.
6.The strongest chance of blocking Trump's emergency order is likely to be through legal action taken by Democratic state attorneys general, environmental groups and others.
take legal action 采取法律措施
He vowed to take legal action.
It is very unwise to take legal action against someone unless it is absolutely necessary.
1976年的《国家紧急状态法》授予总统特权，可在危机时期宣布紧急状态令 。国会可以通过联席决议结束国家紧急状态 。如果总统否决该决议，国会需要达到三分之二的多数票结束总统的紧急状态令 。
这次投票也是共和党控制的参议院少数几次反对特朗普的立场 。不过,这是本周第二次与总统“唱反调”；周三，参议院投票结束了美国对也门战争中以沙特为首的联军的支持 。
特朗普上月宣布国家紧急状态是为了获取修建墨西哥边境墙的资金 。特朗普要求57亿美元的筑墙资金 。但是有权决定开支的国会仅提供14美元的资金修建这道屏障 。
在共和党参议员中，缅因州的苏珊·柯林斯，阿拉斯加州的丽·莎穆尔科斯基和肯塔基州的兰特·保罗宣布反对特朗普的紧急状态令 。周四，田纳西州的拉马尔·亚历山大和犹他州的米特·罗姆尼加入反对阵营 。
亚历山大表示，“特朗普的举动与我所宣誓支持的美国宪法不一致 。”她补充说，国会有权控制国家开支 。
罗姆尼曾经是2012年大选共和党的总统候选人 。他在声明中表示，特朗普宣布紧急状态是“鼓励未来总统进一步扩大和滥用权力 。”
民主党人一直声称美国边境没有紧急状况 。他们说，特朗宣布国家紧急状态只是为了维护“修建隔离墙”的竞选承诺 。