VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国富人选择租房而不买房
日期:2019-02-19 11:01

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Wealthy Americans Renting Homes Instead of Buying
A study by the apartment search website RentCafe finds that more wealthy Americans are choosing to rent living spaces instead of buying them.
The study's writer, Alexandra Ciuntu, collected information from the U.S. Census Bureau. She found that the number of U.S. households earning at least $150,000 a year that chose to rent increased 175 percent between 2007 and 2017.
This new kind of renter goes against the idea that Americans rent mostly because they do not have enough money to buy a home.
Ciuntu told VOA by email, "Lifestyle plays an important part in their decision to rent."
Business and technology centers like San Francisco, California, and Seattle, Washington, have the highest numbers of wealthy renters.
In San Francisco, the number of renters grew from 21,000 in 2007 to 71,400 in 2017. That is an increase of 240 percent. The number of wealthy buyers increased by 56 percent -- from 40,100 in 2007 to 62,400 in 2017.
Ciuntu says that, with the rise in housing prices, it seems like a better decision to rent than to buy.
She added, "In San Francisco, for example, $200,000 buys you just 260 square feet [24 square meters]. It's understandable why top earners give renting a serious try before deciding whether to invest in a property or not."
In San Francisco and New York City, wealthy renters outnumber wealthy buyers. There are more high-earning renters — about 250,000 — in New York City than anywhere else in the country.
But Ciuntu notes that the interest in renting does not mean wealthy Americans are rejecting homeownership. Between 2007 and 2017, Seattle gained 13,400 more wealthy home owners than it did high-income renters. Cities like Chicago and Denver also saw thousands more wealthy homeowners move in than wealthy renters during that 10-year period.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

重点解析

1.instead of 代替

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Why don't you play football instead of just looking on?
你为什么不参加踢足球而只是看热闹?

2.at least 至少

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He's been away for at least a week.
他走了总有一个星期吧O2u;*GX21w0B

3.goes against 违反;不利于

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The prime minister will resign if the vote goes against him.
如果投票结果对总理不利的话,总理将辞职gez,^k5Lu!p~wfj

4.housing prices 房价

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The high housing prices in big cities have stunned people tongue-tied.
大城市的房价高得令人咂舌-Bt|^q#s5%tB+%=a,u

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5.It's understandable why top earners give renting a serious try before deciding whether to invest in a property or not."

give a try 尝试

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No big talk, if you think you can do it, give it a try.
少唱高调儿,你要是能干,就来试试#Pev1=V~s].
I almost can't wait to give it a try.
我等不及要去试一试了^AB!m!LP&v,

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6.Ciuntu told VOA by email, "Lifestyle plays an important part in their decision to rent."

plays an important part in 发挥重要作用

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Sheer chance quite often plays an important part in sparking off an idea.
灵感的激发通常纯粹是靠运气p@iA!NJLiX|iT
Study plays an important part in one's life.
学习在一个人的生活中起很重要的作用,3J,avzLdVtYqfaoC

参考译文

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美国富人选择租房而不买房
公寓搜索网站Rentcate的一项研究发现,越来越多的美国富人选择租房而不是买房8V[(oAzHewZ*5Y
该研究的作者亚历山德拉·席翁图(Alexandra Ciuntu)从美国人口普查局收集了信息NW1,bLc*-[ea1CMAJoq。她发现,2007年到2017年间,选择租房的年收入至少15万美元的美国家庭比例提高了175%M~*0-j)@nOS]rS
这一新型的租房群体推翻了美国人更多地选择租房是因为买不起房的观念Dk3qf+Ep+;]uHfU=@B@

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美国富人选择租房而不买房.jpg
席翁图发邮件告诉美国之音:“生活方式是他们决定租房的重要因素w3!fqv*hWG9f~bG=52l。”
加州旧金山以及华盛顿州西雅图这样的商业和科技中心租房的富人最多,csFs4AbFj4_l^8Mh-#-
在旧金山,租房人数从2007年的2.1万升至2017年的7.14万,增长了240%_ai4Re9Sz7QMzc=。而富人买房人数从2007年的4.01万升至2017年的6.24万,增长了56%N7,&a[9|;Ud_E9t
席翁图表示,随着房价上涨,租房似乎比买房更划算jMA[~IIfPf!5rW
她补充说:“以旧金山为例,20万美元只能买下260平方英尺(24平米)的面积-#F!+w))tK4m5cP。不难理解为何高收入群体决定是否购置房产时会认真地考虑租房vh_m,A^d62=asSR。”
在旧金山和纽约,富人租房人数超过了购房人数Bd6vJ-l+FofKB。纽约的高收入租户约25万人,超过了美国的其它任何地方2*4-a2u=fA|aLp@jNjw
但是席翁图指出,偏好租房并不代表美国富人拒绝购房O|N))0e5TQ)VD_PO-。在2007年到2017年间,西雅图高收入群体购房者比租房者多1.34万人J0AGj3&2lA。这10年期间,芝加哥和丹佛等市的富人购房也比租房多数千人R0[NX~D&=HFL
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • decisionn. 决定,决策
  • censusn. 户口普查
  • understandableadj. 可理解的,能够懂的
  • sheeradj. 纯粹的,全然的,陡峭的 adv. 完全地,峻峭
  • propertyn. 财产,所有物,性质,地产,道具
  • resignv. 辞职,放弃,顺从,听任
  • primeadj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的 n. 青春,壮