Japan to Restart Commercial Whale Hunts in 2019
Japan says it plans to restart commercial hunts for whales in July of 2019.
Japan's Chief Cabinet Secretary, Yoshihide Suga, made the announcement on Wednesday. He also said that his country would withdraw from the International Whaling Commission (IWC). The international agency, based in Britain, was set up to provide for the protection of whales and the orderly development of the whaling industry.
Suga said that Japan would restart commercial whaling in keeping with "Japan's basic policy of promoting sustainable use" of sea life based on scientific evidence.
He added that Japan is unhappy with the commission. The IWC is based on a treaty designed to represent both environmental concerns and whaling nations. But, he said, environmentalists have the most influence.
The chief cabinet secretary also announced that Japanese crews would no longer go to the Antarctic and northern Pacific oceans to hunt whales as it did in the past.
Instead, he said, Japanese whale hunts would be limited to the country's territorial waters and exclusive economic zone. That area extends 323 kilometers from the coast of the island nation.
Japan's Fisheries Agency said it planned to permit the catch of three kinds of whales: minke, sei whales and Bryde's whales. It said that numbers of species have recovered enough to permit whaling.
The IWC ordered the ban on commercial whaling over 30 years ago. The move sought to increase the animals' numbers in the world's oceans.
Japan continued whaling for scientific research under the IWC rules. Environmentalists criticized the hunts, saying they were commercial because whale meat was sold in Japan.
Japanese officials say the country will remain as an observer to the IWC and will take part in the group's scientific meetings and conferences.
The environmental group Greenpeace disputed Japan's position that whale numbers had recovered. Sam Annesley, head of Greenpeace Japan, said the Japanese announcement was, in his words, "out of step with the international community." He called on the country to preserve sea life.
The Australian government said it was "extremely disappointed" about Japan's decision to withdraw from the IWC. However, Australia and New Zealand's Foreign Minister Winston Peters welcomed Japan's halt to Antarctic whaling.
In 2014, Japan cut back on whale hunting after the International Court of Justice ruled against its Antarctic whale hunting program. Japan currently hunts about 600 whales each year in the Antarctic Ocean.
Suga said Japan would officially inform the IWC of its decision by the end of 2018.
I'm Anna Mateo.
1.hunts for 搜寻；寻找
Like a detective, he probes and hunts for information about the Sutpen family.
2.ruled against 否决
The high court ruled against it, and said he was legal.
3.cut back 削减；减少
The Government has cut back on defence spending.
4.unhappy with 对...不满
He has been unhappy with his son's political leanings
5.Suga said that Japan would restart commercial whaling in keeping with "Japan's basic policy of promoting sustainable use" of sea life based on scientific evidence.
in keeping with 符合；与...一致；按照
In keeping with tradition, the Emperor and Empress did not attend the ceremony
His behaviour was not in keeping with the solemn occasion.
6.Suga said Japan would officially inform the IWC of its decision by the end of 2018.
by the end of 在...末尾
By the end of the holiday I had spent all my money
The treaty provides that, by the end of the century, the United States must have removed its bases
周三，日本内阁官房长官菅义伟宣布了这一消息 。他还表示，日本将退出国际捕鲸委员会（IWC） 。这一设立在英国的国际机构是为了保护鲸鱼和推进捕鲸业有序发展 。
他补充说，日本对国际捕鲸委员会感到不满 。该委员会是基于一项旨在代表环境问题和捕鲸国家的条约而设立的 。但是，他说，环保主义者受到的影响最大 。
他说，捕鲸活动将仅限于日本领海和专属经济区 。这些地区距日本海岸有323公里 。
日本水产厅表示，允许捕捞三种鲸鱼：小须鲸、塞鲸和布氏鲸 。报告显示，许多鲸类已恢复至允许捕捞的数量 。
国际捕鲸委员会30多年前下令禁止商业捕鲸 。此举旨在增加全球海洋的鲸类数量 。
根据国际捕鲸委员会的规定，日本得以捕鲸用作科学研究 。而环保人士指责这些捕杀行动，称其为商业性质，因为日本仍在出售鲸鱼肉 。
“绿色和平组织”对日本声称鲸鱼数量已经恢复的说法提出质疑 。该组织的日本分部负责人山姆·安内斯利（Sam Annesley）表示，日本的声明“与国际社会背道而驰” 。他呼吁国家保护海洋生物 。
澳大利亚政府表示，对日本退出国际捕鲸委员会的决定“极为失望” 。不过，澳大利亚和新西兰外长温斯顿·彼得斯（Winston Peters）对日本停止在南极捕鲸表示欢迎 。
2014年，国际法院裁定反对日本的南极捕鲸计划，之后日本减少了捕鲸活动 。日本目前每年在南极海域捕杀大约600头鲸鱼 。