VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):越来越多人想要移民
日期:2018-12-25 14:58

(单词翻译:单击)

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More and More People Want to Migrate
A recent study found that more than 750 million people would move permanently to another country if they had the chance. In other words, 15 percent of the world's population wants to migrate.
The Gallup company carried out the study. Researchers spoke to close to 500,000 people in 152 countries. They found that the desire to migrate rose between 2015 and 2017.
But the reasons people want to move from their home countries remain the same, said Gallup official Jon Clifton. They want to flee a crisis, or they are seeking better economic opportunities. Starvation and disaster also continue to drive people from their homes, Gallup found.
Where do people want to leave?
One of the top 10 countries people want to leave is Syria. Gallup researchers found that at least 50 percent of Syrians want to migrate permanently and leave the war there behind.
People in several places in Latin America are also showing growing desires to migrate, Gallup found.
Gallup official Jon Clifton gave Venezuela as an example. Even though the country is rich in oil, it has fallen into a crisis, Clifton said. The United Nations estimates that around 2 million Venezuelans left their country in 2018.
The desire to leave for another country also increased in a number of areas known for sending migrants. These include sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean, the Middle East and North Africa. One reason is that parts of Africa have had to deal with a spread of the deadly Ebola virus.
In Europe, people in Albania had the highest rates of wanting to leave. Gallup reports that 60 percent of Albanians want to migrate. Clifton said many Albanians were unhappy about the amount of money they could earn, and how little it could buy.
Other Balkan countries also showed high rates of migration desires. Clifton said the trend there was especially troubling, because it affected the youngest and most educated part of the population.
Separately, Gallup noted that in all regions of Asia "the percentage of adults who would like to move to another country permanently has remained flat."
Where do people want to go?
The Gallup survey found that people who want to migrate hope to go to wealthy countries that observe the rule of law.
Gallup has been doing the survey for the last 13 years, Clifton said. During that time, the United States has always been the first choice for people who want to migrate. This year is no different, he said, even though U.S. President Donald Trump has taken measures and spoken out against migrants.
"People still see that this is one of the best economic opportunities for them in the world," Clifton said of the United States. Many people around the world also have family members in the country already.
The Gallup survey found that one in five possible migrants said the United States would be their first choice for a new home.
The survey also found that one in six Americans would like to migrate somewhere else – the highest number so far.
I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

重点解析

1.wealthy countries 富裕国家

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Germany is the largest giver of aid among the wealthy countries of the West.
德国是西方富裕国家中给予援助最多的国家ytnDwtE(QX*du

2.even though 即使

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He had no plans to retire even though he is now very comfortably off.
尽管现在很宽裕,他却没打算退休Nl=E+gRk7~.2BCo

3.speak out 畅所欲言

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He has the courage to speak out what he thinks right.
他敢于说出他认为正确的东西!Wt6g~zUP6

4.Ebola virus 埃博拉病毒

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You're infected with Ebola virus.
你染了伊波拉病毒Cj@2*5|s,d1ik~

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5.One reason is that parts of Africa have had to deal with a spread of the deadly Ebola virus.

deal with 处理;应付

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He's a hard man to deal with.
要跟他这个人做生意很难lhUKiBmLHCs|
I have no way yet as to how to deal with such a complicated situation.
这样复杂的局面该怎么应付我还没谱儿呢;3LAmuC0zyC

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6.This year is no different, he said, even though U.S. President Donald Trump has taken measures and spoken out against migrants.

take measures 采取措施

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Our government is trying to take measures to prevent and control pollution.
我们的国家正试图采取措施,防止和控制污染MCP&j*9BIST1-l
If he refuses to pay I shall take measures against him.
如果他拒绝付钱,我会对他采取措施的xNDKLGc2@GD_=_v

参考译文

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越来越多人想要移民
最近一项调查发现,如果有机会,超过7.5亿人选择永久移民到另一个国家E*.r7&zHv8hv3。换句话说,全球15%的人口希望移民_A7w2R_dTVUdOQ7
盖洛普公司进行了这项调查.L*._+&rBhzTMBcE]i[_。研究人员问访了152个国家近50万人#7KF~Xaw#awu;vn]hPt。他们发现,从2015年到2017年,移民愿望有所上升532FfFxxwqogw)
但是盖洛普员工琼恩·克里夫顿(Jon Clifton)表示,人们想要离开祖国的原因依旧没变,他们想要逃离危机,或寻求更好的经济机会dM&Kw;;!=t6&KUg.Y。盖洛普公司发现,饥饿和灾难也在继续迫使人们离开家园1kyGS&+,b0v1
人们想要逃离哪里?
叙利亚是人们最想逃离的10个国家之一JNSa1Q8!LA*y2HP2m(3。盖洛普公司的研究人员发现,至少50%的叙利亚人希望永久移民,将战争抛诸身后nIe0CdkLIkx9(7i

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越来越多人想要移民.png
盖洛普公司发现,拉丁美洲某些地区的人们也越来越渴望移民WpQo~DW!1r@mg^#Du;N
盖洛普公司员工克里夫顿以委内瑞拉为例b(xU0^@;]1^OqB_7-P(。克里夫顿表示,尽管这个国家石油资源丰富,但是已经陷入危机|RidC2Q&.jTa88^g_Ne%。据联合国估计,2018年,约有200万委内瑞拉人离开了自己的国家.y=Ar3v|[r+HJ71K
在一些著名的移民地区,前往另一个国家的意愿也有所上升*K|HV5OGlG0zrYz~T。其中包括撒哈拉以南非洲、加勒比地区、中东和北非8Vl5MM;ab5bW!,nXF,@。原因之一是非洲部分地区不得不应对致命埃博拉病毒的蔓延E4ROD,t_Z3@
在欧洲,阿尔巴尼亚人想要移民的比例最高Y4]rQ)B@+MFUL@y8~gh。盖洛普公司报告称,60%的阿尔巴尼亚人想要移民j()X*iPMlxz1。克里夫顿表示,很多阿尔巴尼亚人对赚钱少、消费高不满qr9g#[0wv%;ei6=
其它的巴尔干国家也表现出了很高的移民意愿mgSb7w,p2LLz1L。克里夫顿表示,那里的趋势尤其令人不安,因为它影响到最年轻和受教育程度最高的人群r+.HW[Q0mA7ATbv9yL!
此外,盖洛普公司指出,在亚洲所有地区,“愿意永久移民到其他国家的成年人比例保持不变SdJ;eaIOaaFB4E,~。”
人们想移民到哪里?
盖洛普调查发现,想移民的人希望前往遵循法治的富裕国家P[Q7|8Z9C*H5O8
克里夫顿表示,盖洛普公司在过去13年间一直在做这项调查!QU|~jK]t6sxKre=|。在此期间,美国一直是移民的首选国家,今年也不例外,尽管美国总统特朗普采取了措施并公开反对移民L32T!0cPRg
克里夫顿谈到美国时称:“人们仍然认为这是全球最好的经济机会之一Z+3vO,c*I4gO。”世界各地很多人都有亲属定居美国OeX@0T*VW(vE,H
盖洛普调查发现,20%的潜在移民表示,美国将成为他们新家的首选PYtuRw~mu+0
该调查还发现,六分之一的美国人希望移民到其它地区,这是迄今为止最高的比例|qIt-W7X&~KICy+|wB72
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • unhappyadj. 不快乐的,不高兴的
  • surveyv. 调查,检查,测量,勘定,纵览,环视 n. 调查,纵
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • starvationn. 饿死,饥饿
  • pollutionn. 污染,污染物
  • complicatedadj. 复杂的,难懂的 动词complicate的过去
  • populationn. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数
  • observev. 观察,遵守,注意到 v. 评论,庆祝
  • affectedadj. 受影响的,受感动的,受疾病侵袭的 adj. 做
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支