Mexican President Orders End to Disputed Education Reforms
Mexico's president canceled disputed education reforms this week, as he had promised during his election campaign. The new leader, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, also announced plans to expand the country's free college education program.
Lopez Obrador acted to keep his promise to teachers' unions. Some teachers had felt forced by the former administration to accept the reforms. Others expressed their opposition.
The reforms are to be replaced with a system that establishes a right to an education. Lopez Obrador said the government would build 100 new public universities and provide 300,000 university scholarships to poor students.
Federal and state legislatures now will consider Lopez Obrador's order. The president's coalition controls both houses of Congress.
Supporters of the reforms argued that they would improve accountability and quality in underperforming public schools. They urged Lopez Obrador to give the reforms time to succeed.
But the demand that student test results be considered in teacher evaluations angered educators. Critics said the measures did not address the historic regional inequality among schools.
Education Secretary Esteban Moctezuma Barragan said it was very unfair "that the teachers were blamed as the only ones responsible for the problems of public education."
He noted that 150,000 teachers had retired over the past three years and that few students chose to study at the country's teachers' colleges.
Moctezuma noted that the plan includes terms for continuing education for teachers. He said the government will create a new school for teacher training. And he said it would close the National Institute of Education Evaluation, the agency created to evaluate the public education system.
President Lopez Obrador said, "The teachers are never going to be disrespected again."
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.election campaign 竞选活动
Last week, in the heat of the election campaign, the Prime Minister left for America.
2.teacher training 教室培训
He and a colleague were to spend two years there teaching English at a teacher training college.
3.public education 公共教育
We can improve public education to better meet the needs of students with autism.
4.regional inequality 地区不平衡
It would reduce regional inequality and the accompanying political tensions.
5.Lopez Obrador acted to keep his promise to teachers' unions.
keep one's promise 信守诺言
I hope he will keep his promise.
Granting that he said so, he may not keep his promise.
6.Education Secretary Esteban Moctezuma Barragan said it was very unfair "that the teachers were blamed as the only ones responsible for the problems of public education."
it was unfair ...不公平
It was unfair that he should suffer so much
The union said it was unfair to ask workers to adopt a policy of wage restraint.
墨西哥总统本周叫停了备受争议的教育改革，正如他在竞选期间承诺的那样 。新任领导人安德烈斯·曼努埃尔·洛佩斯·奥夫拉多尔还宣布计划扩大墨西哥免费的大学教育项目 。
洛佩斯·奥夫拉多尔兑现了对教师工会的承诺 。一些教师感觉受到前政府的胁迫而接受改革的 。还有一些教师则不这么认为 。
改革将被一种赋予公民受教育权利的制度所取代 。洛佩斯·奥夫拉多尔表示，墨西哥政府将新建100所公立大学，并向贫困学生提供30万份奖学金 。
改革的支持者们认为，改革将提高表现不佳的公立学校的问责度和教育质量 。他们敦促洛佩斯·奥夫拉多尔给改革一些时间，才能获得成功 。
但是要求在教师评估中考虑学生考试成绩的要求激怒了一些教育工作者 。评论家表示，这些措施无法解决学校之间历史性的地区不平等问题 。
穆克特祖马表示，该计划包括对教师进行继续教育的条文 。他表示，墨西哥政府将创建一所新学校，专门用于教师培训 。他还表示，墨西哥政府将关闭国家教育评估研究机构 。该机构当初是为了评估公共教育体系创建的 。