No More Heavy School Bags for Indian Students
Indian officials recently approved weight guidelines for children's school bags.
The central government said the weight of the bag should depend on the age of the child. It urged all Indian states to set limits in accordance with the new guidance.
Indian officials have denounced schools for making students carry heavy school bags and giving young children homework.
Under the guidelines, no homework would be given to children in Classes 1 and 2. This will ensure that the youngest students have no books to carry home.
For students in Classes 3 to 5, the weight of a school bag would never be more than three kilograms. And bags would never weigh more than five kilograms for students in Class 10.
Studies on heavy lifting
The Indian government noted studies that show how a heavy load can affect students' soft and developing spines.
One study by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India found that 68 percent of young children might suffer from mild back pain. The mild pain can develop into long-term back pain and affect bones of the spinal column.
The study involved more than 2,500 children between the ages of seven and 13. It found that more than 88 percent of children carried more than 45 percent of their body weight on their backs.
Rashmi Tapke is a mother of two children in Mumbai. She said heavy school bags reflect poor planning.
She supports the federal weight limits. She added, "If they (schools) plan, they can repeat the subjects taught and thus reduce the load. My kids find it difficult to carry so many books."
Mumbai is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The state requires that a school bag's weight should be no more than 10 percent of a child's body weight. Many schools there have started using white boards and projectors in classes. This has reduced the numbers of books to be carried to school.
But in large parts of rural India, children still have to walk great distances, weighed down by heavy school bags.
Rajinder Shukla's daughter attends school in Uttar Pradesh state. He said she has to bring "about 4-5 kilograms of books in her school bag and also carry her lunch box and water bottle in a separate bag."
1.suffer from 遭受
Many kids suffer from acne and angst.
2.depend on 取决于
Needy and handicapped people depend on government relief for their support.
3.set limits 设限
Most of us choose not to set limits on our nighttime availability.
4.back pain 背痛
A massage may relieve your back pain.
5.It urged all Indian states to set limits in accordance with the new guidance.
in accordance with 依照；与...一致
We should make decisions in accordance with specific conditions.
Entries which are not in accordance with the rules will be disqualified.
6.My kids find it difficult to carry so many books."
find it difficult to 发现做某事困难
You will find it difficult to construct a spending plan without first recording your spending.
Some people find it difficult to discern blue from green.
该国中央政府表示，书包重量应该视孩子的年龄而定 。它敦促印度各邦根据新的指导意见设定重量限制 。
根据新的指导方针，一、二年级的学生不会布置任何家庭作业 。这将确保最小的学生不必将书本带回家 。
对于3到5年级的学生来说，他们的书包重量不会超过3公斤 。而10年级学生的书包重量不会超过5公斤 。
印度工商联合会的一项研究发现，68%的低龄儿童可能出现轻微背痛 。这种轻微疼痛会逐渐发展为长期背痛，并影响脊柱骨骼 。
这项研究涉及2500多名7到13岁的儿童 。研究发现，超过88%的儿童背部负重超过他们体重的45% 。
孟买的拉希米·塔普克（Rashmi Tapke）是两个孩子的母亲 。她说沉重的书包反映了不够完善的计划 。
她支持联邦作出的书包重量限制 。她补充说，“如果他们有计划，他们可以重复教授科目，从而减轻负担 。我的孩子们发现背这么多书太痛苦了 。”
孟买是印度马哈拉施特拉邦的首府 。该邦规定书包重量不应超过孩子体重的10% 。当地许多学校都开始使用白板和投影仪授课 。这减少了学生上学需携带的书本 。
拉金德尔·舒库拉（Rajinder Shukla）的女儿在北方邦上学 。他说，女儿必须背着“装有约4、5公斤重的书包，还得单独拎一个放饭盒和水瓶的袋子 。”