VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):"食物味道"也有版权?
日期:2018-11-15 13:32

(单词翻译:单击)

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Can You Copyright the Taste of Food?
This is What's Trending Today.
The European Union's highest court has dismissed an attempt by a Dutch cheese maker to copyright its cream cheese. The ruling means that a person or company cannot legally own the taste of food and prevent others from copying it.
Dutch company Levola Hengelo makes a cheese spread called "Heksenkaas," or witches' cheese. The company claimed that cheese maker Smilde copied its product with another cheese spread called "Witte Wievenkaas," or white women's cheese.
So, Levola took its competitor to court. The company said the competitor's cheese was a copy of its product and violated its copyright of the cheese's taste.
The Dutch court asked for guidance from the European Court of Justice, or ECJ. The ECJ judges said, "The taste of a food product is not eligible for copyright protection."
They said unlike works of writing, photography, movies and music, the taste of a food product cannot be identified with "precision and objectivity."
The judges added that the taste of food depends on personal taste and experience.
This is not the first time that the court had to rule on a dispute about food. Last July, the ECJ ruled that Nestle could not trademark the four-finger shape of its Kit Kat chocolate bars.
Michel Wildenborg of Levola disagreed with the cheese ruling. He said, "We find it a pity and incorrect that the creative expression in food and perfumes do not have copyright protection and that everyone can make a copy of it."
And that What's Trending today.

重点解析

1.The highest court 最高法院

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The king acts as the highest court of appeal and has the power to pardon.
国王行使最高法院上诉权和赦免权yGWMZ+JfyGm

2.cream cheese 奶油奶酪

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Reduced-calorie cheese is a great substitute for cream cheese.
低卡路里干酪是奶油干酪的极佳替代品XLlegsF3Rq

3.asked for 要求

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He went backstage and asked for her autograph.
他去后台跟她要了签名S!BMfQLo58

4.creative expression 创造性表达

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She must have willpower, determination, intelligence and creative expression of feelings.
她一定具有坚强意志、决心、机智灵敏和对情感的创造性表达Q*-f4sVpzy

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5.The judges added that the taste of food depends on personal taste and experience.

depends on 取决于

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The success or failure of the matter depends on your own effort.
事情的成败在你自己的努力VN840aVAethP=xlGVqO
The personal allowance depends on your age and marital status.
个人免税额的多少取决于年龄和婚姻状况|BPcE,(%ynV0]#d1+

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6.We find it a pity and incorrect that the creative expression in food and perfumes do not have copyright protection and that everyone can make a copy of it.

make a copy of 复印;抄写

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Please make a copy of this material.
请你把这个材料照抄一份B9hSXd7.U!poDm~0zk9
I always make a copy of the name cards that I receive.
我总是把我收到的名片做一个备份6GL~QDK#EDR=L

参考译文

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“食物味道”也有版权?
这里是《今日热点》栏目Op3UpXCO2=]!5r3cP8T
欧盟最高法院驳回了荷兰一家奶酪制造商对其奶油奶酪的版权申请(pVy0f]!aDRZ。这一裁决意味着个人或企业不能合法独占某种食物的味道,也不能阻止他人“仿制”UA8x_Wy*Og]=i4LqX@
荷兰莱沃拉(Levola Hengelo)公司生产了一种奶酪名为“Heksenkaas”(女巫的奶酪)3DMcTE+%,KJ。该公司称,奶酪制造商斯米尔德(Smilde)生产的“Witte Wievenkaas”(白人女性奶酪)仿制了他们的产品k.(R]L7ZfnQbGUW&xF

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食物味道也有版权?.jpg
因此,莱沃拉将竞争对手告上了法庭A.OMS9GC77。该公司表示,竞争对手的奶酪仿制了其产品,侵犯了其奶酪味道的版权*r3W.-n6TD
荷兰法院向欧洲法院(ECJ)寻求指导意见pP)1rVy*W(&qB。欧洲法院的法官表示:“食物味道不符合版权保护的条件z;,G51uv47v;uAQ。”
他们表示,与文学、摄影、电影和音乐作品不同,一种食物的味道无法用“精确和客观”的表达来描述%|DT|^vuS9jFzU2(R.v
法官们补充说,食物的味道取决于个人口味和经验1Z94&D2g-R5YNIxKt
这并非欧洲法院第一次就食品纠纷进行裁决了-2[eHp(IeGIKiIpqMb。去年7月,欧洲法院裁定雀巢不能将“奇巧巧克力棒”的四指形状注册为商标NsXkxB(=)yoRtqIH*(
莱沃拉的董事长威尔顿伯格(Michel Wildenborg)对这起奶酪裁决表示不服w4_-NbC+B66lSx。他说:“我们很遗憾地发现,食品和香水中的创意表达不受版权保护,人人都可以仿制,这很荒谬_%B!~qf5,JuG8ivDPywJ。”
以上为《今日热点》H3=.81lZxk

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • guidancen. 引导,指导
  • precisionn. 精确,精密度 adj. 以精准的执行而著称的,经得
  • intelligencen. 理解力,智力 n. 情报,情报工作,情报机关
  • substituten. 代替者,代用品 vt. 用 ... 代替,代以,代
  • copyrightn. 版权,著作权 adj. 版权的
  • determinationn. (正式)决定,规定,决心,测定,定位
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • objectivityn. 客观性;客观
  • trademarkn. 商标
  • creativeadj. 创造性的