Russian Orthodox Church Splits with Orthodox Leaders Over Ukraine
The Russian Orthodox Church has announced plans to break ties with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.
Russian orthodox officials acted after the Patriarchate's recognition of a new Ukrainian Orthodox Church, which will be independent of the Russian church.
Orthodox Christianity has several leaders, or patriarchs, across the world unlike the Roman Catholic Church, which is led by the Pope.
However, the Patriarch of Constantinople is considered "the first among equals" in the leadership of Orthodox Christianity. Constantinople is the former name for Istanbul, Turkey's largest city.
Traditionally, the Ukrainian Orthodox Church has been led by the Patriarch of Moscow. But several issues have increased tensions between Ukrainian and Russian religious leaders.
Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014 and its continued support for separatists fighting Ukraine's central government have led to a split between the two sides.
On October 11, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople officially recognized the new Ukrainian Orthodox Church of Ukraine as independent. While church members in Ukraine celebrated the move, the decision angered Russian church officials.
On Monday, Moscow Patriarch Kirill held a meeting, called a Holy Synod, with top church officials in Minsk, the capital of Belarus. Following the talks, the Russian Orthodox Church announced the split and what it would mean to worshipers.
Now, clergy from the Russian Church and the Constantinople Patriarchate will be barred from serving together. Worshipers of one church also may not take part in holy communion in the other church.
"We cannot be in communication with this church, which is in schism," said a Russian Orthodox spokesman. He added that the Russian church hopes that "common sense will prevail and that the Constantinople Patriarchate changes its mind."
The Ukrainian Patriarch blamed his Russian counterpart for the split, adding that his actions have "pulled all of Orthodox Christianity into conflict."
The move affects millions of Orthodox Christians across Eastern Europe and Russia. An estimated 100 million of the world's 260 million Orthodox Christians live in Russia.
Some consider the split the most important since Eastern and Western Christianity split more than 900 years ago.
I'm Mario Ritter.
1.across the world 世界各地
The industrial revolution which started a couple of hundred years ago in Europe is now spreading across the world.
2.central government 中央政府
They limited the extreme powers of the central government.
3.pull into 进入
When the song on the radio ends right as you pull into the driveway.
4.holy communion 圣餐
For the past few months, when I partake the Holy Communion, I can't even kneel down, I have to stand.
5.The Russian Orthodox Church has announced plans to break ties with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople.
break ties with 断绝与...关系
He urged governments worldwide to break diplomatic ties with the existing regime.
The party is looking to break its ties with the far right.
6.Worshipers of one church also may not take part in holy communion in the other church.
take part in 参加；参与
Cadres have gone down to different grass-roots units to take part in manual labour.
They returned to take part in the season's opening game.
然而，君士坦丁堡牧首被视为东正教会领导层的“同侪之首 。”君士坦丁堡是土耳其最大城市伊斯坦布尔的前身 。
传统上，乌克兰东正教会由莫斯科大牧首领导 。但是，有几个问题加剧了乌克兰和俄罗斯宗教领袖之间的紧张关系 。
10月11日，君士坦丁堡普世牧首巴尔多禄茂一世正式承认新的乌克兰东正教会独立 。乌克兰的教会成员为此庆祝时，这一决定激怒了俄罗斯东正教会神职人员 。
周一，莫斯科大牧首基里尔与高级神职人员在白俄罗斯首都明斯克举行“圣会议” 。会谈结束后，俄罗斯东正教会宣布了分裂决定以及该决定对信徒的影响 。
如今，来自俄罗斯东正教会和君士坦丁堡牧首区的神职人员将禁止联合礼拜 。一方教会的信徒也不能参加另一方的圣餐礼 。
俄罗斯东正教会的发言人表示：“我们无法与这个分立的教会交流 。”他补充说，俄罗斯东正教会希望“理性占据上风，愿君士坦丁堡牧首改变主意 。”
此举将影响到东欧和俄罗斯的数百万东正教信徒 。据估计，在全球2.6亿名东正教信徒中，有1亿信徒生活在俄罗斯 。