Astronauts Make Emergency Landing in Failed Russian Space Launch
A Russian spacecraft traveling to the International Space Station Thursday had to make an emergency landing when a rocket engine failed to fire.
It was the latest in a recent series of failures for the Russian space program, which is also used by the U.S. to carry its astronauts to the station.
United States astronaut Nick Hague and Russian cosmonaut Alexei Ovchinin landed safely about 20 kilometers from Dzhezkazgan in Kazakhstan. The city is about 450 kilometers from the Russia's Baikonur space center, which Russia operates through an agreement with the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Both the U.S. space agency NASA and Russia's Roscosmos reported that the two were quickly recovered from the landing area by rescue crews.
A spokesman for Russian President Vladimir Putin said, "Thank God the crew is alive" after they had landed safely.
NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, who watched the launch at Baikonur tweeted that Hague and Ovchinin are in good condition. He added that a "thorough investigation into the cause of the incident will be conducted."
About two minutes after launching, the three-stage Soyuz booster rocket suffered an unspecified failure of its second stage.
Russia's TASS news agency said the capsule carrying the two men separated from the troubled rocket safely. This caused the capsule to drop very sharply into the Earth's atmosphere. Parachutes helped slow the returning capsule. Search and rescue teams were sent to recover the crew.
Russia's RIA news agency reported that Russia has immediately suspended all manned space launches after the failure.
Roscosmos head Dmitry Rogozin said he had ordered a state commission to carry out an investigation into what went wrong. He said Russia will share all relevant information with the U.S.
The Russian space program has suffered several failures in recent years.
In August, the crew found a hole in a Russian Soyuz capsule docked to the orbiting space station. The hole caused a brief loss of air pressure before being fixed. The Russian space agency also sent 70 rocket engines back to production lines in 2016 to replace broken parts.
However, Thursday's incident was the first manned launch failure since 1983 when a Soyuz rocket exploded in the launch area. The cosmonauts safely escaped in that accident as well.
International Space Station not threatened
The two astronauts were to arrive at the International Space Station (ISS) six hours after the launch to join an American, a Russian and a German currently aboard the station.
The TASS news agency said that the ISS crew has enough supplies and that the failed launch will not affect operations.
Relations between the U.S. and Russia have been very tense in recent years. Russian activities in Ukraine, charges of interfering in the U.S. presidential election of 2016 and the conflict in Syria are some of the main issues. However, the two sides have continued their cooperation in space.
The U.S. and other nations have depended on Russia to carry astronauts to the ISS since the retirement of the Space Shuttle program in 2011.
In coming years, American aerospace companies SpaceX, with its Dragon 2, and Boeing, with its Starliner, are expected to return to space.
I'm Mario Ritter.
1.air pressure 气压
Air pressure during flights can cause ear problems.
2.a brief of 简短的
For each title there is a brief synopsis of the book.
3.carry out 进行；实施
You must carry out my orders.
4.presidential election 总统选举
Neither of the front-runners in the presidential election is a mainstream politician.
5.It was the latest in a recent series of failures for the Russian space program, which is also used by the U.S. to carry its astronauts to the station.
a series of 一系列的
The students have put forward a series of questions.
A series of technical foul-ups delayed the launch of the new product.
6.A Russian spacecraft traveling to the International Space Station Thursday had to make an emergency landing when a rocket engine failed to fire.
make an emergency landing 紧急降落
We will make an emergency landing at Gimhae International airport.
The plane will make an emergency landing because of the sudden breakdown of an engine.
美国宇航员尼克·黑格（Nick Hague）和俄罗斯宇航员阿列克谢·奥夫奇宁（Alexei Ovchinin）在距哈萨克斯坦的杰兹卡兹甘约20公里处安全着陆 。该市距俄罗斯与哈萨克斯坦共和国签订协议运营的拜科努尔航天中心约450公里 。
在拜科努尔航天中心观看这次发射的美国宇航局局长吉姆·布莱登斯坦（Jim Bridenstine）发推文表示，黑格和奥夫奇宁的身体状况良好 。他补充说，“将对事故原因进行彻底调查 。”
俄罗斯塔斯社称，两名宇航员搭乘的太空舱与故障火箭安全分离 。这导致太空舱急剧坠入地球大气层中 。降落伞帮助缓冲了太空舱的下坠速度 。搜救队被派去营救宇航员 。
俄罗斯联邦航天局局长德米特里·罗戈津（Dmitry Rogozin）已经下令国家调查委员会调查事故原因 。他指出，俄罗斯将与美国共享所有相关信息 。
今年8月，宇航员在对接国际空间站的俄罗斯联盟号太空舱发现了一个洞 。这个洞被修复前导致短暂的舱内气压泄露 。2016年，俄罗斯联邦航天局还曾将70台火箭发动机送回生产线以更换受损部件 。
然而，周四的事故是1983年联盟号火箭在发射区爆炸以来的首次载人发射失败 。那次事故中，宇航员也得以逃生 。
近年来，美俄关系一直非常紧张 。俄罗斯在乌克兰的活动、干涉2016年美国大选的指控和叙利亚冲突都是主要问题之一 。然而，双方在太空方面仍然继续合作 。
未来几年，美国SpaceX航天公司的Dragon 2和波音公司的Starliner预计将重返太空 。