VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):文在寅:朝韩铁路年底前连通
日期:2018-08-16 14:58

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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South Korea Plans to Start Railway Project With North Korea This Year

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South Korea President Moon Jae-in says his government plans to begin a new railroad project with North Korea this year.

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However, Moon also said economic cooperation with North Korea is linked to that country's denuclearization.

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Moon made the comments during a speech on Wednesday celebrating the liberation of Korea at the end of World War II. He said the reconnection of railroads and roads is the start of "prosperity" for the two Koreas. He also said work would begin this year.

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Moon and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un agreed to work toward increased economic cooperation when they met in April. That meeting took place in the village of Panmunjom in demilitarized zone (DMZ) of the inter-Korean border. At the Panmunjom summit, Kim also agreed to work toward the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.

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The South Korean president helped bring about the historic summit in June between Kim and U.S. President Donald Trump in Singapore. At that meeting, Kim repeated his commitment to denuclearization.

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However, since the summit in June, the U.S. and North Korea have not been able to reach agreement on the denuclearization issue. The U.S. insists that North Korea completely disarm its nuclear and missile weapons before it receives any economic concessions.

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North Korea wants economic concessions after each step of the denuclearization process.

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Sanctions enforcement

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Currently, international sanctions put on North Korea for its nuclear and ballistic missile tests do not permit a major railway project.

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The joint Korean railway project to link South and North Korea with high speed train service is estimated to cost $35 billion. It would provide North Korean industries an overland rail connection to China, Russia and even Europe.

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The international sanctions stop 90 percent of all trade with North Korea and most international finance.

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President Moon did not explain how he would get past the sanctions to proceed with the railway project.

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This week, U.S. Ambassador to South Korea Harry Harris repeated the Trump administration's position. He said denuclearization must come before the sanctions are eased.

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"Sanctions will remain in place," said Harris during a speech at the Korea National Diplomatic Academy in Seoul. He added that the North must take strong actions toward denuclearization.

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The U.S. State Department said on Tuesday that no official meetings are planned between the U.S. and North Korea, but that informal talks continue.

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Economic ties

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Moon said that improved relations between the two Koreas will aid progress in denuclearization.

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Moon also said that renewed economic ties could generate $149 billion for North Korea over 30 years. And joint economic projects, like the Kaesong industrial center which closed in 2016, could bring thousands of jobs to the North.

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Moon is to visit Pyongyang in September to hold another summit with Kim.

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Peace treaty

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The South Korean president also said he supported a peace declaration to officially end the Korean War. Fighting stopped in 1953 with an armistice agreement.

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South Korean media have said that the U.S., South Korea, China and North Korea may release a peace statement in September. Such as announcement could take place at the United Nations General Assembly meeting in New York City.

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North Korea has called for a peace declaration before moving forward with nuclear talks. The U.S., however, wants denuclearization progress first.

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I'm Susan Shand.

重点解析

1.economic cooperation 经济合作

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While in the past we stressed aid, now we stress economic cooperation.

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我们过去侧重提供援助, 现在强调经济合作R_1E|ED921

2.moving forward 向前;推进

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Every team needs someone with the vision to keep it looking and moving forward.

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每个团队都需要一个有远见的人来推动它向前进步o@*d07OB3qZ

3.take place 发生;举行

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A mutiny have take place off the coast of south america.

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在南美洲海岸外的舰艇上发生了一次哗变LI-MV(BrC&HbM_7k+7

4.peace declaration 和平宣言

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The far-reaching pact has also made sure the Cold War is consigned to history with a joint peace declaration.

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随着和平联合声明的发表,这个意义深远的条约也确保冷战成为了历史ZKA6h3EWQBWUA]O;Y

5.However, since the summit in June, the U.S. and North Korea have not been able to reach agreement on the denuclearization issue.

reach agreement on 就...达成一致

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He also called for negotiations with congressional leaders to reach agreement on a plan.

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他还要求跟国会的领导人进行协商以对该计划达成协议Q~VP;fAi]A)JGLa

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However, governments failed to reach agreement on how far overall global emissions should be cut.

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然而,各国政府就全球减排量应达到的数量未能达成一致RbgMOV6y%K9WTRb]1+W

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6."Sanctions will remain in place," said Harris during a speech at the Korea National Diplomatic Academy in Seoul.

remain in place 仍然有效;保持原状

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The current structure “will remain in place, ” the company said in a statement.

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公司声明表示,其埃及公司现结构保持原状tkb8de[TKyR6RI

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The many benefits of the health reform law for small businesses remain in place.

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医疗改革法仍会给小企业带来许多益处z&WNDc,k&E)yb6)ThCK#

参考译文

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文在寅:朝韩铁路年底前连通

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韩国总统文在寅(Moon Jae-in)表示,政府计划今年与朝鲜开展新的铁路项目M)VmMpc5wZuBSwL.

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然而,文在寅还表示,与朝鲜的经济合作与该国的无核化有关Ilv33OBKR&C[LA7VdRK0

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周三,文在寅在纪念二战结束朝鲜半岛解放的演讲中发表了上述言论&uzo4&#+U7a+yYv7c@]n。他说,重新连通铁路和公路是朝鲜半岛共同繁荣的开端4wjDCVX17%Bur。他还表示,这项工作将于今年启动WK5814Sa#+

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今年4月,文在寅与朝鲜领导人金正恩会晤时同意加强经济合作^C)(a&h3_1XMAm[O。当时,会晤地点位于朝韩边境非军事区的板门店村R!72NC(J]dxd)[!。在板门店峰会上,金正恩还同意努力实现朝鲜半岛无核化i3e,wy&H[w3yGtlk!G

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文在寅:朝韩铁路年底前连通.jpg

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韩国总统帮助促成了今年6月金正恩与美国总统特朗普在新加坡举行的历史性峰会.Kcmqt;%6+oPZ(l。在那次峰会上,金正恩重申了他对无核化的承诺^0&aCA0c#i

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然而,自6月份峰会以来,美国和朝鲜一直未能就无核化问题达成协议vbOAlbl+OWV%0q。美国坚持朝鲜完全解除其核武器和导弹武器才能获得任何的经济让步8PJzPITbh(aX=8xg&

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而朝鲜则希望在每一步无核化进程后都要获得经济让步FG^)qt1Di~yt817J3

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执行制裁

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目前,朝鲜因进行核武器和弹道导弹试验而面临的国际制裁不允许其修建大型铁路项目NFjShl6so!WlC=@r

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连接朝韩的高速铁路联合项目预计耗资350亿美元I4KGYB++tcW,D。它将为朝鲜工业提供一条通往中国、俄罗斯乃至欧洲的陆路铁路t6L(+z*,A4+*

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国际制裁阻止了90%与朝鲜的贸易以及大部分国际金融,GQB,pDPEIf6]

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文在寅总统没有对如何克服制裁、推进该铁路项目做出解释.Tz~sDmeFdsxXUy1N

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本周,美国驻韩国大使哈利·哈里斯(Harry Harris)重申了特朗普政府的立场|*%%r;Bo[qv。他说,朝鲜必须实现无核化后才能放宽制裁n!W%,2Y0+E)Ss4rk

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哈里斯在首尔的韩国外交学院演讲时表示:“制裁将继续生效nyV[Vj(jbBx。”他补充说,朝鲜必须采取强有力的措施实现无核化^aKBY737d+,9Hj~

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美国国务院周二表示美国与朝鲜没有计划举行正式会谈,但非正式会谈仍在继续7|[a*v.db2K1dP~c2T

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经济纽带

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文在寅表示,朝韩关系改善将有助于实现无核化eGHq5xIso2M@Wf

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文在寅还表示,重建经济纽带可能会在30年内为朝鲜增加1490亿美元的收入^1Dm|8EvBpgZjzfz9O(b。例如,2016年关闭的开城工业园区等联合经济项目能够为朝鲜带来数千个工作岗位eiA,zHHawl#[N^EP[

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文在寅将于9月访问朝鲜,再一次与金正恩举行首脑峰会ZMmfnY-_|mukS9

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和平协定

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韩国总统还表示,他支持正式结束朝鲜战争的和平宣言tMf#ttg!Havgm94S。1953年,双方签订了停战协议,战争就此停止SHx&rea2,.y;EVz(b

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韩国媒体曾表示,美国、韩国、中国以及朝鲜或于9月份发表和平声明0Q1z#BZdE,*lBQ&xPRS。这类宣言可能会在纽约举行的联合国大会上宣布uQu(d9TGO3snFj6

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朝鲜呼吁在进行核谈判之前发表和平宣言n%NNL-7yfRb*k。然而,美国希望首先实现无核化进程UZ;fd4wD+W3DUAE^!s,

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苏珊·尚德为您播报^Q|&(PUCN23OE]9rJ

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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