South Korea Plans to Start Railway Project With North Korea This Year
South Korea President Moon Jae-in says his government plans to begin a new railroad project with North Korea this year.
However, Moon also said economic cooperation with North Korea is linked to that country's denuclearization.
Moon made the comments during a speech on Wednesday celebrating the liberation of Korea at the end of World War II. He said the reconnection of railroads and roads is the start of "prosperity" for the two Koreas. He also said work would begin this year.
Moon and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un agreed to work toward increased economic cooperation when they met in April. That meeting took place in the village of Panmunjom in demilitarized zone (DMZ) of the inter-Korean border. At the Panmunjom summit, Kim also agreed to work toward the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
The South Korean president helped bring about the historic summit in June between Kim and U.S. President Donald Trump in Singapore. At that meeting, Kim repeated his commitment to denuclearization.
However, since the summit in June, the U.S. and North Korea have not been able to reach agreement on the denuclearization issue. The U.S. insists that North Korea completely disarm its nuclear and missile weapons before it receives any economic concessions.
North Korea wants economic concessions after each step of the denuclearization process.
Currently, international sanctions put on North Korea for its nuclear and ballistic missile tests do not permit a major railway project.
The joint Korean railway project to link South and North Korea with high speed train service is estimated to cost $35 billion. It would provide North Korean industries an overland rail connection to China, Russia and even Europe.
The international sanctions stop 90 percent of all trade with North Korea and most international finance.
President Moon did not explain how he would get past the sanctions to proceed with the railway project.
This week, U.S. Ambassador to South Korea Harry Harris repeated the Trump administration's position. He said denuclearization must come before the sanctions are eased.
"Sanctions will remain in place," said Harris during a speech at the Korea National Diplomatic Academy in Seoul. He added that the North must take strong actions toward denuclearization.
The U.S. State Department said on Tuesday that no official meetings are planned between the U.S. and North Korea, but that informal talks continue.
Moon said that improved relations between the two Koreas will aid progress in denuclearization.
Moon also said that renewed economic ties could generate $149 billion for North Korea over 30 years. And joint economic projects, like the Kaesong industrial center which closed in 2016, could bring thousands of jobs to the North.
Moon is to visit Pyongyang in September to hold another summit with Kim.
The South Korean president also said he supported a peace declaration to officially end the Korean War. Fighting stopped in 1953 with an armistice agreement.
South Korean media have said that the U.S., South Korea, China and North Korea may release a peace statement in September. Such as announcement could take place at the United Nations General Assembly meeting in New York City.
North Korea has called for a peace declaration before moving forward with nuclear talks. The U.S., however, wants denuclearization progress first.
I'm Susan Shand.
1.economic cooperation 经济合作
While in the past we stressed aid, now we stress economic cooperation.
2.moving forward 向前；推进
Every team needs someone with the vision to keep it looking and moving forward.
3.take place 发生；举行
A mutiny have take place off the coast of south america.
4.peace declaration 和平宣言
The far-reaching pact has also made sure the Cold War is consigned to history with a joint peace declaration.
5.However, since the summit in June, the U.S. and North Korea have not been able to reach agreement on the denuclearization issue.
reach agreement on 就...达成一致
He also called for negotiations with congressional leaders to reach agreement on a plan.
However, governments failed to reach agreement on how far overall global emissions should be cut.
6."Sanctions will remain in place," said Harris during a speech at the Korea National Diplomatic Academy in Seoul.
remain in place 仍然有效；保持原状
The current structure “will remain in place, ” the company said in a statement.
The many benefits of the health reform law for small businesses remain in place.
周三，文在寅在纪念二战结束朝鲜半岛解放的演讲中发表了上述言论。他说，重新连通铁路和公路是朝鲜半岛共同繁荣的开端 。他还表示，这项工作将于今年启动 。
今年4月，文在寅与朝鲜领导人金正恩会晤时同意加强经济合作。当时，会晤地点位于朝韩边境非军事区的板门店村 。在板门店峰会上，金正恩还同意努力实现朝鲜半岛无核化 。
本周，美国驻韩国大使哈利·哈里斯（Harry Harris）重申了特朗普政府的立场。他说，朝鲜必须实现无核化后才能放宽制裁 。