Georgia has become the first former member of the Soviet Union to legalize use of marijuana. Yet Georgians are still barred from growing, storing or selling the drug.
Georgia's constitutional court ruled on marijuana late last month. The court said in a statement that marijuana use is an act guaranteed by the right of free self-development.
The statement added that there are still some situations in which using the drug would be illegal. These are situations where marijuana presents a threat to third persons, the court said. This would include use in schools, some public spaces and public transportation, as well as when children are present.
The ruling resulted from a case brought by activists of Georgia's Girchi party. One of those activists is Zurab Japaridze, a former lawmaker. Georgians remember seeing images of him planting marijuana seeds in a televised broadcast of a New Year's Eve event in 2016.
The Girchi party had long campaigned for the legalization of marijuana. Japaridze called the court's ruling a "big victory" that was years in the making. This wasn't a fight for cannabis. This was a fight for freedom, he told reporters.
In November 2017, the Constitutional Court decriminalized the use of marijuana and other forms of cannabis-based drugs. But it kept in place a non-jail punishment for marijuana use, a $200 fine.
Rights activists say the Georgian government has used drug enforcement policies to justify extreme policing methods at popular nightspots. In May, thousands of people demonstrated for several days in the capital, Tbilisi, to protest such police activities.
Leaders of Georgia's Orthodox Church strongly condemned the court's marijuana ruling as a traitorous decision.
The four judges are making disastrous decisions, ignoring the will of 4 million people, said Archbishop Andria. The church official called for the removal of the judges who decided the case.
But other Georgians who would like an easing of drug policies felt the ruling went too far. The head of a health care committee in parliament told reporters he thinks the use of marijuana should only be legalized for medical purposes.
Our aim was not to make marijuana accessible for everyone, but to reduce the number of drug addicts.
I'm Bryan Lynn.
1. be barred from sth/doing sth 被禁止做某事
The bank also is barred from taking deposits, which means higher financing costs.
2.rule on 就……做出判决
They say no president has ever recognized its constitutionality, Congress has never challenged it, and the Supreme Court has never ruled on it.
3. result from 由于，因……而产生
Her blindness of both eyes resulted from a traffic accident.
4.campaign for 争取……，为……而战
She campaigned for women’s suffrage, workers’ rights, and socialism, as well as many other progressive causes.
5. This would include use in schools, some public spaces and public transportation, as well as when children are present.
as well as 和，以及，与
She can play tennis as well as basketball.
上个月，格鲁吉亚宪法法院就大麻问题作出判决 。该法院在一份声明中写道，使用大麻这种行为受到自由的自我发展权利所肯定的 。
该声明补充指出，不过，在一些情况下使用大麻是非法的，即党大麻对他人构成威胁时，该法院如是写道 。这就包括在学校、一些公众场合、公共交通以及有儿童在场时使用大麻 。
这次判决的起因是格鲁吉亚Girchi党的积极分子提起了一桩案子 。其中一个名为祖拉伯(Zurab Japaridze)的积极分子以前是一名议员 。2016年，他曾在电视直播的除夕活动中，当着许多人的面种植大麻种子 。
长期以来，Girchi一直主张大麻合法化 。祖拉伯称，这次法院的判决是“一次重大的胜利”，是多年来努力的成果 。这不是为大麻而战，而是为自由而战，他在接受记者采访时如是说道 。
2017年11月，宪法法院将使用大麻等大麻属药物合法化 。但对于使用大麻的行为依然收取200美元的罚金 。
权利活动家表示，格鲁吉亚政府通过毒品管制的政策为知名夜店的极端监控方式开便利之门 。5月，上千人在首都第比利斯进行了数天的示威，抗议这种监控方式 。
这4名饭馆做了灾难性的决定，无视了400万人的意愿，大主教安德里亚如是说道 。安德里亚呼吁罢免进行该判决的法官的职务 。
但格鲁吉亚希望减轻毒品管制政策力度的一些人觉得，这项判决有些过火了 。某医疗委员会在国会的负责人在接受记者采访时表示，从医疗的角度来讲，使用大麻应该合法化 。
布莱恩 林恩为您播报 。