What Happens If You Are Arrested in the US
If you have ever watched an American crime show, you know about this Supreme Court case. Listen to what the police officer says.
"You do have the right to remain silent. You also have the right to be represented by an attorney..."
Those rights – the rights not to speak and to have a lawyer – are known as Miranda rights.
The name comes from Ernesto Miranda. In 1963, he was arrested and charged with kidnapping, robbing, and raping a young woman. Police arrested Miranda and questioned him. Miranda admitted to some of the crimes, and a jury later used his confession to find him guilty.
But some activists said Miranda's trial was not fair. The reason, they said, was because police had not clearly told Miranda about his rights. The U.S. Constitution says people do not have to admit to wrongdoing.
A majority of justices agreed. Their decision changed police policies, and strengthened protections for people who have been arrested.
By the way, Ernesto Miranda? He was given another trial. This time, lawyers could not use his confession against him. But they did use sworn statements by his ex-girlfriend. He was again found guilty and sentenced to prison.
1.remain silent 保持沉默
We should remain silent on this question.
2.police officer 警员；警官
He claimed that a police officer had threatened to stitch him up and send him to prison.
3.found guilty 被判有罪
They were found guilty of murder.
4.sworn statements 誓词；供词
They all signed sworn statements.
5.By the way, Ernesto Miranda?
By the way 顺便问问
By the way, I'm your number-one fan.
I'm wearing odd socks today by the way.
6.He was again found guilty and sentenced to prison.
be sentenced to prison 被判入狱
He was sentenced to prison for his embezzlement of public funds.
Her employers, who denied the charges, were sentenced to prison last September.
“米兰达权利”出自米兰达诉亚利桑那州案。1963年，他被逮捕并被控绑架、劫持并强奸一位在美国亚利桑那州工作的年轻女孩 。警方逮捕并审讯了他 。米兰达承认了一些罪行，之后陪审团根据他的供词判其有罪 。
但一些活动人士认为，米兰达的判决不公。他们说，警察未明确告知米兰达相关权利 。美国宪法规定，人们不必必须承认自己的不当行为 。
那么，恩纳斯托·米兰达的结局如何？他再次接受了审判。这一次，律师们无法使用其供词作为证据 。但他们利用其前女友的誓词 。他再次被判有罪并入狱 。