VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):健康专家:饮食谣言会导致营养不良
日期:2018-06-27 15:03

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Health Experts: Food Claims Fuel Malnutrition among Indonesians

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Some Indonesians believe that a woman who eats chicken wings will have a hard time finding a husband. Others claim that by eating the fruit of the pineapple tree, a woman reduces her chances of having a child.

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It is because of claims like these that nutrition experts have launched a health campaign in Indonesia. It is aimed at girls and young women who suffer from poor nutrition because of their fear of some foods.

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Experts said these food taboos were part of a wider system of cultural and social beliefs that lead to poor nutrition among many adolescents. They warned those traditions could affect girls' education and chances for advancement.

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Nutritionists have found that Indonesian girls eat very little protein, vegetables or fruit. Instead, many turn to rice and processed foods.

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"Indonesian girls are being left behind when it comes to nutrition," said Kecia Bertermann. She works for Girl Effect, a non-profit group that uses wireless technology to help girls.

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"They don't understand why their health is important, or how nutrition is connected to doing well at school, at work or for their futures."

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The United Nations children's agency UNICEF says Indonesia has some of the world's worst nutrition numbers in the world.

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UNICEF officials say two in five adolescent girls nationwide are thin because of undernutrition. They say this is a problem because many girls begin having children before they are 20.

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Research by Girl Effect found that girls in populated areas ate little or nothing early in the day and, later on, ate processed food.

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Many believed that feeling full was the same as having a healthy diet. They ate food with heavy carbohydrates, leaving them in need of protein, vitamins and minerals.

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Girl Effect is teaming up with a group called Nutrition International to improve girls' diets. Using a mobile app software program, they provide a place where girls can read about health and social issues.

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If successful, the campaign could be expanded to other countries, including the Philippines and Nigeria.

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Experts said Indonesia was a country with two kinds of malnutrition: some people are extremely small and thin, while others are fat. They say the larger Indonesians may look healthier, but lack important nutrients in their diet.

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Marion Roche is a specialist on adolescent health at Nutrition International. She said the poor nutritional knowledge among girls was unusual because nutrition among babies had improved in Indonesia.

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"We need to give them the knowledge to make healthy choices," Roche said, adding that many girls believe that healthy means ‘not sick.'

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I'm Dorothy Gundy.

重点解析

1.nutrition experts 营养专家

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The nutrition experts are taking another look at how much vitamin D and calcium people should get.

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营养专家正在重新看待人们需要多少维他命D和钙tE)dTk!oFULC8

2.social issues 社会问题

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She has a sure grasp of social issues such as literacy, poverty and child care.

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她对扫盲、贫穷和儿童保育等社会问题都有深切的认识RW#@&F-bjU

3.poor nutrition 营养不良

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Madagascar saw a big fall in mortality but levels of poor nutrition rose.

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在马达加斯加,死亡率降低了,但是营养不良的比率升高了xy6]=wlAmz0Ggy3[1

4.processed food 加工类食品

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They eat more processed food at home and eat out more often.

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他们在家吃更多的加工食品而且更经常在外面吃;5bU*+Gt(SNIq1|

5.They ate food with heavy carbohydrates, leaving them in need of protein, vitamins and minerals.

in need of 需要

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There was damp everywhere and the entire building was in need of rewiring.

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到处都受了潮,整栋楼需要重新布线]_@dt6MCL@]OS]

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I am in need of a loan of a bike for a few weeks.

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我需要借辆自行车用几个星期Q=kq#e&d3F~

6.Girl Effect is teaming up with a group called Nutrition International to improve girls' diets.

teaming up with 与...合作

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China has been active in teaming up with regional development banks.

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中国对于与地区性开发银行合作一向很积极&~IhSA1^%6xmRfdl

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The Drama Club is teaming up with the Filmmakers Club.

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戏剧社将和电影制片人俱乐部合作6uE1P^%#S,&dYx.F=he

参考译文

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健康专家:饮食谣言会导致营养不良

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有些印尼人认为,女性吃鸡翅会很难找到丈夫i1gnxD=NRgCWL;。还有一些人声称,女性吃菠萝可降低怀孕的概率h@I1BG*OllO~h&=N5

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鉴于这些饮食谣言,营养专家在印度尼西亚发起了一项健康运动%ston;=EzS6xvmg-nRAb。这项运动旨在帮助因害怕食物导致营养不良的女孩和年轻妇女Ww[CNWyh~t20

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专家说,这些食物禁忌是较广泛的文化与社会信仰体系的一部分,导致许多青少年出现营养不良pwTl[0+|HpjXjHuUS。专家警告称,这些传统会影响女孩受教育和升职的机会w6G)Sin[.R]9thE4

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营养学家发现,印尼女孩很少补充蛋白质、蔬菜或水果vdwsUWLx|0!R!x4。相反,很多人都选择吃大米和加工类食品++Gchwb(ojiFYm.azvC

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健康专家:饮食谣言会导致营养不良.jpg

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凯奇雅·贝尔特曼(Kecia Bertermann)称:“印尼女孩在营养摄入方面已经落后了95H5dpV=XZ@。”贝尔特曼任职于非盈利组织“女孩效应”,这是一家采用无线技术帮助女孩的机构To#[U-Y,e|E+iD4S)

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“她们不明白为何健康如此重要,也不明白营养对于学校表现、工作或者未来人生有什么影响@,Jq4WQZRuEA2eY。”

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联合国儿童基金会表示,印度尼西亚的一些营养数据是全球最糟糕的5zY#x_Z_^,w)RmuAk-

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联合国儿童基金会官员表示,印尼全国有2/5的少女因营养不良而身形消瘦nQy3o@HY#VDN~_rJqk。他们表示,这是一个问题,因为许多女孩不满20岁就开始生育i7nP==_qvckdA

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“女孩效应”组织的研究结果发现,在人口稠密的地区,女孩们少吃甚至不吃早餐LDft1+cWxZCp82Psq(y。而之后吃的是加工食品DtKvU=I-9,^UC14D

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许多人认为饱腹等同于健康饮食gfr=SQ4Ulv2a%POdf.*b。他们摄入大量含有碳水化合物的食品,导致身体缺乏蛋白质、维他命和矿物质@kHN-.N,CHeS)aq

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“女孩效应”正在与一个名为“营养国际”组织合作以改善女孩的饮食d1!J2_tRGH*Fv.5。他们通过移动应用程序为女孩提供一个可以阅读健康和社会问题的地方jL~eLuc4_rV

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如果可行,该运动还将会推广到菲律宾和尼日利亚等其它国家B3nP46f6;IWD7K.BJ5

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专家说,印尼存在两种营养不良的现象:一些人过于瘦小;而另一些人过度肥胖@Pw;h~akTB|A+.YJ。他们表示,身形高大的印尼人看起来可能更健康一些,但他们的饮食中也缺乏重要的营养成分%Y8!n%luul

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玛丽恩·罗氏(Marion Roche)是“营养国际组织”青少年健康问题的专家+pBW-(TcO#wnltYftDY。她说,对于女孩来说,缺乏营养不良知识是不寻常的,因为印尼婴儿的营养状况有所改善nDD5!nqbSL;L[z

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罗氏说到:“我们需要为她们讲解这些知识,帮助她们做出有益健康的选择”,她还补充道,许多女孩认为健康意味着“不生病”^n;;_!ug4Y=i8

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • socialadj. 社会的,社交的 n. 社交聚会
  • extremelyadv. 极其,非常
  • unusualadj. 不平常的,异常的
  • dampadj. 潮湿的,有湿气的,沮丧的 n. 潮湿,湿气 v
  • understandvt. 理解,懂,听说,获悉,将 ... 理解为,认为
  • populatedadj. 粒子数增加的 v. 居住于…中;构成…的人口(
  • nutritionn. 营养
  • literacyn. 识字,读写能力
  • povertyn. 贫困,贫乏
  • malnutritionn. 营养不良