VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):2018诺贝尔文学奖取消颁发
日期:2018-05-07 10:01

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Nobel Prize in Literature Will Not Be Awarded This Year

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The Nobel Prize in literature will not be awarded this year, after accusations of wrongdoing against the Swedish Academy. The organization chooses the winner.

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The Swedish Academy said Friday that the 2018 prize will be given in 2019. Members made the decision at a weekly meeting in Stockholm a day earlier. Anders Olsson, the Academy's permanent secretary, said the group needed time to rebuild public trust before choosing the next laureate.

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He said the academy made the decision, in his words, "out of respect for previous and future literature laureates, the Nobel Foundation and the general public."

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Nobel Prizes are awarded in science, medicine, literature and peacemaking. Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel provided money for their establishment after his death.

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This will be the first time since 1949 that the award has been delayed. Last year, Japanese-born British novelist Kazuo Ishiguro won the prize.

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Sex-abuse hits the academy

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The problems at the Swedish Academy began last fall. Jean-Claude Arnault, an important artist in Sweden, was accused of sexual abuse.

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Arnault leads a cultural center for which the Academy provided financial support. He is also the husband of Academy member, poet Katarina Frostenson.

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In November of 2016, a major Swedish newspaper, Dagens Nyheter, reported about 18 women who accused Arnault of sex abuse.

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He has also been accused of violating Nobel secrecy rules. He reportedly released the identity of winners before official announcements at least seven times.

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Arnault's lawyer Bjorn Hurtig has denied the accusations. He told the Associated Press that his Arnault is the victim of "a witch hunt" and that the accusations "may only have the purpose of harming" him.

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Needing time to rebuild

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The academy later admitted in a report that "unacceptable behavior in the form of unwanted intimacy" took place among its members. However, its poor management of the behavior damaged the organization's trustworthiness. It also led to the resignation of its first female leader, Sara Danius.

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A debate about how to deal with the accusations divided the Academy's 18 members, who are appointed to life terms. Later, seven members decided to leave or distance themselves from the group.

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The Academy released a statement that said members would reexamine operating polices at this week's meeting.

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The Nobel Foundation quickly answered, saying it believes the academy will put all its efforts into rebuilding its trustworthiness.

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Carl-Henrik Heldin, chairman of the Nobel Foundation Board, said in a statement that he also believes the Academy members realize their changes need to include "greater openness toward the outside world."

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Past Delays

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The Nobel Prize has been suspended 49 times since the prizes began in 1901, usually the result of war.

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Swedish Academy member Goran Malmqvist told Sweden's TT news agency that the delay was "a really good decision."

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"We're in a crisis and it will take time to rebuild it again," he said. He added that the academy must be more open to the media, but at the same time not leak the name of the winner.

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I'm Phil Dierking.

重点解析

1.permanent secretary 常任秘书

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He was the permanent secretary at the Department of health.

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他是卫生部的常任秘书Dl~6wQYKR~C79GDY&Qh+

2.The Nobel Prize 诺贝尔奖

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The Nobel prize has become the ultimate accolade in the sciences.

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诺贝尔奖已成为科学界的最高荣誉Je(GqZjeLeS*-XjKC#

3.the general public 公众;大众

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I wish to make this matter known to the general public.

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我想要把这件事公诸于世imor@!6PymIi

4.took place 发生

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Another dust-up took place in the teahouse.

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茶馆里又发生了一场打斗X8s4&Mix~]lVPEl8oEq

5."We're in a crisis and it will take time to rebuild it again," he said.

take time to 花时间...

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They are bound to take time to readjust after a holiday.

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他们肯定需要时间重新适应假期结束后的生活#RsLW;..Gh^jodnb

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These plans take time to come to fruition.

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这些方案需要时间才能取得成果GJGx%h3pD0N;ze~8Gr

6.A debate about how to deal with the accusations divided the Academy's 18 members, who are appointed to life terms.

deal with 处理;应付

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He's a hard man to deal with.

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要跟他这个人做生意很难Er#1JPj(#H.J4I7Atn

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They have not finalized the deal with the government.

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他们还没有和政府达成最终交易S~MmY3AF0;*-BeY

参考译文

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今年诺贝尔文学奖将推迟颁奖

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受不法行为指控的影响,今年瑞典学院将不会颁发诺贝尔文学奖YtVMdiLXma#WD8f。瑞典学院负责评选获胜者*@yM^)8=&=)

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周五,瑞典学院表示,2018年的诺贝尔文学奖将推迟至2019年颁发0NZ(;BAaU3*|c。前一日,瑞典学院在斯德哥尔摩的每周例会上做出了该决定TQX)#LRieD8my+hnh。瑞典学院常任秘书安德斯·奥尔森(Anders Olsson)表示,在评选下一位文学奖得主前,有必要投入时间恢复公众信任]|f(xP,9R&5%C

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他说,瑞典学院做出此决定,是“对已获奖或将获奖的文学奖得主、诺贝尔基金会以及公众的尊重BgNk@lD|YKidDzBU!s。”

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诺贝尔奖还颁发科学、医学、文学以及和平奖项|g6Lfdj2i5E|GUK!C。瑞典发明家阿尔弗雷德·诺贝尔(Alfred Nobel)去世后出资成立了这些奖项kzK%RXo8e.(HQ%XWw+[

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这是自1949年以来诺贝尔文学奖首次推迟颁发-9Uy6g0P;MBh223TY。去年,该奖项由日裔英国小说家石黑一雄获得~+pPA|AeS&9ID

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瑞典学院陷性侵风波

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诺贝尔文学奖取消颁发.jpg

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瑞典学院的风波始于去年秋天RdBWuLssd#。瑞典知名艺术家让-克劳德·阿尔诺(Jean-Claude Arnault)受到性侵指控e%M(J+ODik-eU0*H

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阿尔诺经营着一家文化中心,而瑞典学院为该中心提供资金支持v1k3eWZJn8]B。他还是瑞典学院院士、诗人卡特琳娜·弗罗斯滕森(Katarina Frostenson)的丈夫CQV6Ek,0YhtSv5!jL.P

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2016年11月,瑞典一家主流报纸《每日新闻报》报道称,约18名女性指控阿尔诺性侵jR!|xqjEiUvUr7~^

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他还被控违反了诺贝尔奖的保密规定Y-7=nYrrGK+Ff。据报道,他至少7次抢在官宣前公布了得主的信息Z*nVkN=Z&QaH;hn

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阿尔诺的律师比约恩·赫提格(Bjorn Hurtig)否认了这些指控J2WP;1uos])mw5@c_6。他告诉美联社,阿尔诺只是“政治迫害”的受害者,这些指控的目的就是为了中伤他dT#_Gz44wlqf^s_Ap+^

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投入时间重建信任

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瑞典学院后来在一份报告中承认,院士中有人发生了“不必要且不良的亲密行为lWDI0IqlAw0N7+FN。”然而,对这种行为监管不力破坏了学院的声誉,也导致了该学院首位女性领导人萨拉·丹尼尔斯(Sara Danius)辞职JQ~%;=Pq(7Q!]

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一场关于如何处理指控的争论将学院里获得终生任命的18位院士“一分为二”4OXLXl_.Wp0p。随后,有7名院士决定辞职或远离学院3^.vuPbfN8^+=_

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瑞典学院发布声明称,院士们将在本周例会上重新审视运营政策W%#ZyHrc#jbFIk%=

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诺贝尔奖基金会迅速回应称,相信该学院定会全力以赴重建公众信任Q-S1K%gd]38&-

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诺贝尔基金会董事会主席卡尔 - 亨里克·哈丁(Carl-Henrik Heldin)在一份声明中表示,他也认为,院士们意识到了他们的改变需要包括“对外更加开放”JZBoe,Pq@)CnyW9t1

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自1901年成立以来,诺贝尔奖被暂停过49次,通常因为战争所致oTZ(D|3v,0i+~!Ti7*

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瑞典学院院士马悦然(Goran Malmqvist)对瑞典通讯社表示,这次推迟颁奖是一个非常适宜的决定Wd.LPm1suts0

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他说:“我们身陷危机,需要时间重建公众信任3(GF%I]#SaWz]vR,i。”他还补充说,瑞典学院必须对媒体更加开放,同时也不能泄露得主信息Uw*m3amuFQXOoZD^lnt

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菲尔·迪尔金为您播报82n%Bef9cy|

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • opennessn. 公开;宽阔;率真
  • suspendedadj. 悬浮的;暂停的,缓期的(宣判)
  • foundationn. 基础,根据,建立 n. 粉底霜,基金会
  • leakn. 漏洞 v. 漏,渗
  • secrecyn. 秘密,保密,隐蔽
  • permanentadj. 永久的,持久的 n. 烫发
  • academyn. 学院,学术,学会
  • establishmentn. 确立,制定,设施,机构,权威
  • identityn. 身份,一致,特征
  • abusen. 滥用,恶习 vt. 滥用,辱骂,虐待