VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):互不让步 中美贸易摩擦升级
日期:2018-04-12 16:42

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Trump, China Criticize Opposing Trade Actions

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United States President Donald Trump has criticized U.S. trade relations with China.

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The president expressed opposition to what he called "stupid trade" relations with China. His comments appeared Monday on the Twitter social media service.

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"When a car is sent to the United States from China, there is a Tariff to be paid of 2 1/2%," Trump said on Twitter. "When a car is sent to China from the United States, there is a Tariff to be paid of 25%. Does that sound like free or fair trade. No, it sounds like STUPID TRADE - going on for years!" he wrote.

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His tweet comes after the U.S. and China have each announced lists of imported products that will face new taxes.

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Earlier Monday, China's foreign ministry said that trade talks under the current conditions were not possible.

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However, on Sunday, Trump tweeted that he believed trade disputes with China would be solved. He said, "China will take down its Trade Barriers because it is the right thing to do."

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Trump added that he believed taxes on trade between the two sides would become reciprocal. He also said he believed that there would be a deal on intellectual property that would be good for the future of both countries.

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The U.S. leader called Chinese President Xi Jinping "a friend" no matter what happens in the trade dispute.

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Sides trading tariffs

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Last week, China announced tariffs on more than 100 U.S. products, including vehicles and plastic goods. The list also includes agricultural products, such as soybeans, wheat, corn, beef and tobacco. The new tariffs would affect $50 billion worth of American products.

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The move followed a Trump administration announcement that it plans to impose tariffs on about $50 billion dollars in Chinese exports. A list of products has yet to be identified. However, after China announced its latest measures on Thursday, President Trump suggested that he might impose additional tariffs. He said those taxes might affect $100 billion in Chinese goods.

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The suggestion added to growing tensions over trade.

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Speaking to CBS News Sunday, U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said, while there is a risk of a trade war, he does not believe one will take place.

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"Our expectation is that we don't think there will be a trade war. Our objective is to continue to have discussions with China. I don't expect there will be a trade war," he said.

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Many U.S. lawmakers are concerned that American businesses could be hurt if China sets up more tariffs on U.S. goods.

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Gary Hufbauer is with the Peterson Institute for International Economics. He told VOA that the president and Trump administration officials recognize that tariffs would be "very damaging to both economies."

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Hufbauer noted that, "The short-term impact would be highly adverse. Both sides have a lot to gain by negotiations rather than actually implementing a tariff war," he said.

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I'm Mario Ritter.

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重点解析

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1.trade war 贸易战

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The most important thing is to reach an agreement and to avoid a trade war.

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最重要的是达成协议,避免贸易战600ZM!rCtk7fPR#q

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2.sets up 树立;建立

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The radio station sets up an overseas broadcast program.

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电台新开了一个对外广播节目*k3Efuc*3T&o4CtcL0Yt

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3.plastic goods 塑料制品

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Innumerable small shops presented a collection of cheap plastic goods.

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数不清的小商店里陈列着一批廉价的塑料制品hWVo_q=WQ+J]|5

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4.social media 社交媒体

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We have all witnessed the power of social media.

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我们见证了社交媒体的实力qg-s[!Q-j1

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5.He also said he believed that there would be a deal on intellectual property that would be good for the future of both countries.

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be good for 有利于...

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Most large cities are good for business and high life, but not for families on holiday.

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多数大城市是做生意和吃喝玩乐的好地方,但并不适合举家去度假^0&eK4]ls#

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They argued all the time and thought it couldn't be good for the baby.

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他们一直在争论,认为这对孩子肯定不好nGjh6adahEqc&h-D

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6.He said, "China will take down its Trade Barriers because it is the right thing to do."

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take down 取下;降低

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Alberg took the portrait down from the wall.

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阿尔伯格从墙上摘下那幅肖像画dDj.M6dc06y

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The Canadian army took down the barricades erected by the Indians.

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加拿大军队拆掉了印第安人设置的路障(1Zuj|AtaKLO]XA

参考译文

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互不让步 中美贸易摩擦升级

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特朗普与中国批评各自对立的贸易举措

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美国总统特朗普批评了美国与中国的贸易关系R-l^xE%1J,c

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特朗普对其所称的与中国的“愚蠢贸易关系”表示反对4Lb_L[n%&Xe;oZLfD。周一,他在社交媒体网站——推特发表了评论pa|K|u5~uO

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特朗普在推特上写道:“当中国汽车出口到美国时,只需缴2.5%的关税Go!8zTTp|EcUS0,yUe。而美国汽车出口到中国要缴纳25%的关税WD3T4.49ZxXE-2m3A|V。这是自由贸易或公平贸易吗?不,这么愚蠢的贸易竟持续了这么多年_g_N)2LnW~fzki0nic。”

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该推特是在美国和中国分别宣布加征关税的进口产品清单后发表的;JaCEbYGMUitNy

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周一早些时候,中国外交部表示,当前条件下不可能进行贸易谈判gnn@L1J!z#1I

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互不让步 中美贸易摩擦升级.jpg

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然而,特朗普周日发推称,他认为与中国的贸易争端将会解决iVDglOSZZx。他说:“中国将会取消贸易壁垒,因为这是正确的做法s9EVV+;_glV@l。”

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特朗普补充说,他相信双方的贸易税将变成互惠性质JV4Jka@=O,hi。他还表示,两国会就知识产权达成协议,这对两国的未来都有利|,5jqcY3(R1!(lCQH

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这位美国领导人称,不论贸易争端如何,他和中国习近平主席始终是好朋友gi~~C[IyFGPXeMVi&

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双方贸易关税

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上周,中国宣布对100多种美国产品加征关税,其中包括汽车和塑料制品vK6ki627rD。该产品清单还包括大豆、小麦、玉米、牛肉和烟草等农产品(g-8;UK(i,tZO7+h@。新加征的关税将影响到价值500亿美元的美国产品4%IN)@&=#+n

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此举是在特朗普政府宣布拟对中国出口的价值约500亿美元的产品加征关税后出台的,具体产品清单尚未敲定QbEKjBk#pD!Sj。然而,中国周四宣布最新措施后,特朗普总统提出可能加征额外的关税ZdNHqRr(lhQ8dA。他表示,这些税收可能影响中国价值1000亿美元的商品AYQMih&UCP

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该提议加剧了日益紧张的贸易局势|xSg#xtx-T5mIpDfwRQx

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周日,美国财政部长史蒂文·努钦(Steven Mnuchin)对CBS新闻表示,虽然存在贸易战的风险,但他认为不会发生贸易战u5VNlHnYcmU

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他说:“我们的预期是,我们不认为会发生贸易战=]tsk~n-^JDa4SHU。我们的目标是继续与中国谈判-#T,Emk2K.e*U。我预期不会发生贸易战@L8b^(y~T;j#1_rVhl。”

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很多美国议员担心,如果中国对美国产品征收更多关税,美国企业可能会受到伤害]k.eE1ZEfMe+uZ1

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加里·赫夫鲍尔(Gary Hufbauer)在彼得森国际经济研究所任职L(+rH]Lr]ESNW+8。他对美国之音表示,特朗普总统及政府认识到关税对两国经济都会造成严重伤害e7@T8Hdm0rfE7g1R

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赫夫鲍尔指出,”短期影响将极其不利-,M^K+X5Lq。双方通过谈判会受益颇多而不是爆发一场关税战FyuTFdsMVF)^&6p+lq。”

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马里奥·里特为您播报qkJ_6a&#ey0=+HqN

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • affectvt. 影响,作用,感动
  • administrationn. 行政,管理,行政部门
  • adverseadj. 不利的
  • objectiveadj. 客观的,目标的 n. 目标,目的; 物镜 n.
  • wheatn. 小麦,小麦色
  • instituten. 学会,学院,协会 vt. 创立,开始,制定
  • treasuryn. 国库,宝库 (大写)财政部,国债
  • concernedadj. 担忧的,关心的
  • cornn. 谷物,小麦,玉米 v. 形成(颗粒状),腌,(用谷
  • announced宣布的