VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):城市生活会危害心理健康?
日期:2018-04-05 07:56

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Does City Living Hurt Mental Health?

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From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.

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Are people happier in nature with blue skies overhead and fresh green grass underfoot? Could noisy streets, crowded with cars and people, make us unhappy?

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The possible mental health effects of city living affects a lot of people. The World Health Organization estimates that 54 percent of the world's population lived in urban areas in 2014. The WHO adds that that amount will increase to 66 percent by 2050.

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People often move to cities for better jobs and more cultural activities. But are they putting themselves at risk? Maybe.

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Experts at the American Psychiatry Association say that "natural environments or green spaces" do much for good our mental health.

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Many studies have shown that nature can calm us and make us feel happy. Nature, experts say, can also help us learn better. And experiencing nature helps people recover from the mental tiredness that comes from day-to-day work.

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Other research also suggests that activity in natural outdoor settings can help to reduce the symptoms of Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. ADHD is a brain disorder that can effect a person's ability to think clearly.

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On the other hand, mental health experts say some research suggests that city living might hurt our mental health. But they cannot say exactly why.

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"What are the specific aspects of the urban environment which causes some people to develop mental health issues?"

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Andrea Mechelli is a doctor with the Institute of Psychiatry at Kings College, London.

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"There have been studies where people were literally taken out of an urban environment into a rural environment, and their symptoms would improve. And we also see that the greater the city the greater the risk."

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Mechelli says that someone who lives in a city is three times more likely to develop psychosis than someone who lives in the country.

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Kings College researchers, along with city planners, land and building designers and others wanted to learn more about city living and mental illness. So, they created a smartphone app called Urban Mind. They say they wanted to understand how different parts of the urban environment affect mental wellbeing.

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The Urban Mind app measures your experience of city living in the moment. Researchers collected real time information from 108 people. These people answered just over 3,000 questions during a one-week period.

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The researchers found that "being outdoors, seeing trees, hearing birdsong, seeing the sky, and feeling in contact with nature were associated with higher levels of mental well-being."

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They also found that these seeming effects of nature were especially strong in those individuals at greater risk of mental health problems.

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The Urban Mind Project team says it hopes "the results will inform future urban planning and social policy aimed at improving design and health."

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Their report is titled "Urban Mind: Using Smartphone Technologies to Investigate the Impact of Nature on Mental Wellbeing in Real Time." It was published in the January publication of BioScience magazine.

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The researchers launched a new version of the Urban Mind app in March 2018. This new version will feature several languages and will be used for a large international study.

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If you are interested in the project, you can visit the website at UrbanMind.info.

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And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.

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I'm Anna Matteo.

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重点解析

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1.Mental Health 心理健康

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Poor housing and family stress can affect both physical and mental health.

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住房条件差、家庭压力大会影响身心两方面的健康,Rff519)+1+;%nZTTsz

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2.aimed at 针对

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The government rushed through legislation aimed at Mafia leaders.

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政府匆忙通过了针对黑手党首领的立法U]Gg315aT32RUh&Yi=

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3.social policy 社会政策

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He was outspokenly critical of the government's new social policy.

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他坦率地批评了政府新的社交政策c=H0~^(zEg)k]~~8

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4.a lot of 很多的

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I think a lot of people still underestimate him.

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我觉得很多人仍然低估了他!c+Af-8)c-Ou)iG%ZQ

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5.Kings College researchers, along with city planners, land and building designers and others wanted to learn more about city living and mental illness.

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along with 伴随

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He came along with some friends.

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他和几个朋友一道来的KE26V]pMS6UB&&um

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The baby's mother escaped from the fire along with two other children.

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婴儿的母亲和另外两个孩子一起逃离了火海pu[BoE&dWt

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6.But are they putting themselves at risk? Maybe.

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at risk 处于...危险

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The crisis could well place the relationship at risk.

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这场危机可能会使这一关系有破裂的危险C.K3EL9fCx@aDCLqo=Np

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If they have the virus they are putting patients at risk.

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如果他们有这种病毒,就会将病人置于危险境地;gWlVIyy_x[]

参考译文

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城市生活会危害心理健康?

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这里是VOA慢速英语健康生活报道+vJ2L2ztc_^YiaU^A=#Q

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头顶蔚蓝天空、脚踏茵茵绿草,这种大自然生活是否能让人们更加快乐呢?嘈杂的街道、水泄不通的交通和摩肩擦踵的人群会让我们烦躁吗?

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城市生活可能会影响很多人的心理健康5rhDZ0]Q1(JwxL;z1。世界卫生组织估计,2014年,世界的城市人口达到54%M+crbm2;W;!tP。世界卫生组织补充到,到2050年,这个数值会增加到66%V*pB|g8|6QtDiq_iQFb

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通常,人们移居城市是为了更好的工作以及丰富的文化生活&n6*l@^3cB(*oepkvw。但是,他们是否会让自己身处险境呢?也许是的A4K+l[&EHrPq

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美国精神病学协会的专家说表示,“自然环境或绿地”对我们的心理健康大有裨益+w2ff*hso7g

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多项研究表明,大自然能平复我们的心境,让人产生愉悦感lF*Q_68=P2hG(V5f。专家还指出,自然有利于我们更好的学习utk!vz;jRpHYG。置身大自然有利于人们将日常工作带来的精神疲劳一扫而光.2,Q+4X)TY7

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城市生活会危害心理健康?.jpg

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其它研究还表明,在大自然环境中进行室外活动可帮助儿童减少注意缺陷障碍和多动症症状M@k@0OcuwI#u。注意力缺陷伴多动症是大脑紊乱症,会导致大脑无法认真思考BUofgzfiy^cCI2bn9r

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另一方面,心理健康专家称,一些研究表明,城市生活可能会伤害我们的心理健康]LT1g^uNte;aQRz^()2。但是没有确切说法o&j~vl]Tui

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城市环境具体从哪些方面引发心理健康问题呢?

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安德烈·米凯利(Andrea Mechell)是伦敦国王学院精神病学研究所的医生l%jl15QNy%LJAj.m

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有研究表明,人们从城市搬到农村居住后,精神状况会有所改善)nedax+GT^f。我们还发现,城市规模越大,(健康)风险也越大5Zo(,J(4gC

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米凯利说,城市居民患精神疾病的几率是乡下居民的3倍142Bm2Yu[3I5d|;

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国王学院的研究人员与城市规划师、土地规划建筑设计师以及其他人想了解更多关于城市生活与精神疾病(的信息)P@(S&O;VMHJPX39Y7。因此,他们开发了一款名为“Urban Mind”的手机应用gta-X2;m6aj。他们称,想了解不同的城市环境是如何影响心理健康的#(&SHSmEt(

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这款“Urban Mind”的应用实时记录下你对城市生活的感受+EZ|ME3WUw。研究人员收集了108人的实时信息Oa)Mw-WP,GE%e3CAG&p。这些人在一周内回答了3000多个问题~%oXx@~0Dc;9m&UT

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研究人员发现,“置身户外、观赏绿植、聆听鸟鸣、仰望天空等”接触大自然的感觉与良好的精神状态紧密相连woY_#I8^2Hs(*]PRgs

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他们还发现,这些自然因素对心理健康问题较严重的患者效果更为显著.9eCkbKH;k

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Urban Mind项目组表示,希望该研究结果能让未来的城市规划和社会政策致力于改善设计,改善人们健康水平YRFDKo3Ra4fC

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他们的报告题目为“Urban Mind:运用智能手机技术,实时调查自然对心理健康产生的影响”3uHUK[ZJ,+2j5L!2&,~D。这项报告发布在1月份的《生物科学》杂志上j4@lV_p[vh+ZZOp

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2018年3月,研究人员推出了Urban Mind应用的新版本t)Pm[(rCQtoO0@9s。这一新版本拥有多种语言,将用于大型国际研究[NH#_yeas-[|jGp9bM.

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如果你对该项目感兴趣,可直接访问 UrbanMind.info网站+BQn~lwJtY

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以上为健康生活报道的全部内容js+3lshvUblRv!

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安娜·马特奥为您播报E_JE+D|J~X%cmd]RxkLA

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • legislationn. 立法,法律
  • criticaladj. 批评的,决定性的,危险的,挑剔的 adj. 临
  • ruraladj. 农村的
  • underestimaten. 低估 v. 低估
  • affectvt. 影响,作用,感动
  • mentaladj. 精神的,脑力的,精神错乱的 n. 精神病患者
  • investigatev. 调查,研究 [计算机] 研究
  • disordern. 杂乱,混乱 vt. 扰乱
  • associationn. 联合,结合,交往,协会,社团,联想
  • psychosisn. 精神病,精神不正常