VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):2018年全球幸福指数排名:芬兰居首
日期:2018-03-21 15:39

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Finland Named World’s Happiest Country

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This is What's Trending Today....

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Finland is the world's happiest country.

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The World Happiness Report, published Wednesday, studied the happiness levels of 156 countries. It considered factors such as life expectancy, social support and corruption in its examination.

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Finland pushed last year's happiest country, Norway, to second place. The other three Nordic countries, Denmark, Sweden and Iceland also made the top ten. They are joined by Switzerland, The Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia complete.

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The United States fell to 18th place. It came in 14th in the 2017 report.

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For the first time, the report also ranked 117 countries by the happiness and well-being of their foreign-born immigrants. Finland placed first in that group, as well. In fact, the study found that highly ranked countries in overall happiness had similarly happy immigrant populations.

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John Helliwell is an editor of the 2018 World Happiness Report. He said the study shows that a population's happiness seems contagious. In other words, it spreads. He called that the "most striking finding" of the report.

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"Those who move to happier countries gain, while those who move to less happy countries lose," Helliwell said.

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Finland is a nation of 5.5 million people. It has about 300,000 foreigners. Its largest immigrant groups come from other European countries. But there are also small communities from Afghanistan, China, Iraq and Somalia.

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Meik Wiking is chief of the Happiness Research Institute, based in Denmark's capital, Copenhagen. He said that Nordic countries almost always rank near the top of the happiness report. He said they are, in his word, "doing something right in terms of creating good conditions for good lives."

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He said the findings on the happiness of immigrants, "shows the conditions that we live under matter greatly to our quality of life, that happiness is not only a matter of choice."

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The United States ranked 11th in the first World Happiness report, released in 2012. It has never been in the top 10.

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The report noted several reasons for its falling position. It said the United States is in the middle of "a complex and worsening public health crisis, involving...obesity, opioid addiction and major depressive disorder."

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It added that the "sociopolitical system" in the U.S. produces more income inequality -- a major reason for unhappiness -- than other countries with similarly high-income levels.

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And that's What's Trending Today.

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I'm Ashley Thompson.

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重点解析

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1.social support 社会支持

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Relief of social pressure needs the assistance of social support system.

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社会压力的缓解和释放是需要各种社会支持系统给予帮助的a|uA4.C]-.v.E,kOY3!

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2.income inequality 收入不平等

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Mexican and Korean voters are unhappy about income inequality and corruption.

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墨西哥和韩国的选民不满于腐败和收入不均0eRtWcSe5v4e

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3.public health 公共卫生

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We have an urgent front-burner public health problem.

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我们有一个迫在眉睫、需要优先处理的公共卫生问题xPuw8mq8SqMRL

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4.move to 移居;搬往

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I hear she's going to sell out and move to the city.

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我听说她打算变卖家当,搬到这座城市vN,OXdm7[yZ6

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5.He said they are, in his word, "doing something right in terms of creating good conditions for good lives."

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in terms of 依据;按照

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They have found that, in terms of both salary and career success, the sky is the limit.

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他们发现,就收入和事业成功来讲,多高都有可能的a9RBFm&_u0jB!J4

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There is a convergence between capitalist firms and co-operatives in terms of business strategy.

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资本主义公司和合作企业在经营战略方面趋于一致bk%YjzBxVInans

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6.For the first time, the report also ranked 117 countries by the happiness and well-being of their foreign-born immigrants.

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For the first time 首次

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Streams had run dry for the first time in memory.

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记忆中,小溪第一次干涸了xBj);GW)[^0sNSw3

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For the first time in my career, I was failing.

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我职业生涯中第一次经历失败R&I[m1o;IM8&=Ujw-0

参考译文

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2018年全球幸福指数排名:芬兰居首

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这里是《今日热点》节目A^jqRtTk26m^W0

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芬兰是全球幸福指数最高的国家Nvv_t+EB~zb1^6

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周三发布的《世界幸福指数报告》对156个国家的幸福指数进行了研究fG=z*M@G&%L。该报告的考量因素包括寿命、社会支持、腐败程度等Qoj1_Pw%,po

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去年幸福指数最高的挪威被芬兰挤下“神坛”7YL7JRfZdae1X;。另外,丹麦、瑞典、冰岛三个北欧国家也跻身前十名K!9Txx+ypI%aGaz。前十名还包括瑞士、荷兰、加拿大、新西兰和澳大利亚hdHnXfDCsORsrO)]w;L%

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美国跌至第18位,去年美国的排名为第14位EjU45^JekGwx5T

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该报告首次根据外籍居民的幸福指数对117个国家进行了排名jcML~k-9(#.。在此情况下,芬兰依然占据第一位~L6b7o&0sRSH。此外,该研究还发现,总体幸福指数排名靠前的国家均有相似的幸福移民群体f+pjNzCZ35Gm,Ob!NwI

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2018年全球幸福指数排名:芬兰居首.jpg

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约翰·利维尔(John Helliwell)是《2018世界幸福指数报告》的编辑BTl~Gu9e4Q7i。他表示,该研究表明,某个群体的快乐似乎具备“传染性”vBc%-_&,y0|3kXQQ。换言之,幸福是可以传播的^9|7(CA;QDNW。利维尔认为,该现象是报告中“最为惊人的发现c9ep_9hZ8Q)4S0!o~。”

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利维尔还表示,移民到幸福指数高的国家会受益,而移民到幸福指数低的国家则受损a).gXCRU0b

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芬兰拥有550万人口,其中约30万人是外籍人士&*A-2~*a,NhOC。该国最庞大的移民群体来自欧洲的其他国家mM4Lt8Vi7_|J。还有来自阿富汗、中国、伊拉克、索马里的一些较小的社群RSU=EIwzKcmVa)+Z

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迈克·维金(Meik Wiking)是丹麦首都哥本哈根幸福研究机构的负责人e3-iNnppGwhC=。他表示,北欧国家基本包揽了《幸福指数报告》的前几位0NC591AHLN%mXTfD2u。他的原话是,北欧人民在“为美好生活创造良好条件方面做出了正确的选择|M0k]y~oQijxs*)。”

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维金还表示,对移民幸福指数的调查结果表明,“我们生活的环境对于生活质量有着重大的影响,而幸福不只关乎选择=[*DCAnYe;-R,p。”

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在2012年发布的首份《世界幸福指数报告》中,美国排名第11位=]mf#U=8rdr。但是,美国从未入围过榜单前10名GeO_aF~N;g]Wv(R3*|

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该报告列出几个美国排名逐渐下滑的原因@(B;Rc+ZD88i。报告称,美国正处于“一场复杂且不断恶化的公共健康危机中,包括肥胖症、阿片成瘾、重度抑郁症l*Fwsl1qC]3*~U[N。”

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报告还指出,美国的“社会政治制度”造成了收入不平等——这是不幸福的一个主要原因——而其他同等收入水平的国家没有出现类似问题7vEItcUm]et.w|ljC

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以上为《今日热点》MYS_gJ=5qP-+m2p~J

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阿什利·汤普森为您播报_j-%yo#^k65XWRBuJ

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • strikingadj. 吸引人的,显著的 n. 打击
  • pressuren. 压力,压强,压迫 v. 施压
  • contagiousadj. 传染性的,会蔓延的,会传播的
  • obesityn. 肥胖,肥大
  • rankn. 等级,阶层,排,列 v. 分等级,排列,列为
  • reliefn. 减轻,解除,救济(品), 安慰,浮雕,对比 adj
  • qualityn. 品质,特质,才能 adj. 高品质的
  • inequalityn. 不平等,不平均,差异,多变性,不等式
  • fell动词fall的过去式 n. 兽皮 vt. 砍伐,击倒 a
  • corruptionn. 腐败,堕落,贪污