On March 17, people around the world celebrate the Irish holiday of Saint Patrick's Day.
It is a major holiday in Ireland, but the rest of the world has influenced its celebration as much as the Irish themselves.
Most Americans think of Saint Patrick's Day as a big party centered around drinking alcohol. But its beginnings in Ireland were religious, says Mike Cronin, a professor of Irish history with Boston College of Massachusetts.
Ireland is a mostly Roman Catholic country. Saint Patrick lived in Ireland more than 2,000 years ago. He is widely considered to have established Christianity in the country.
The Church honored him with a holy day in the 17th century. March 17 marks the date of his death.
St. Patrick, a Briton reportedly, is believed to have served in Ireland as a Catholic Bishop. One traditional story says that St. Patrick drove all the snakes out of Ireland.
The average Irish person honored March 17 quietly. Attending church services was the main activity. In fact, most businesses that served alcohol would close in honor of the day.
In the early 1900s, Ireland's government made St. Patrick's Day an official holiday. By the 1960s, towns across Ireland started celebrating the holiday with parades and music. In Ireland today, St. Patrick's Day is a four-day public celebration that includes parades, music, food, and games.
For Irish people living outside Ireland, Saint Patrick's Day became a chance to celebrate their Irish identity and culture.
It's very much a day by which the Irish put themselves center stage, Cronin said.
Now, countries and cities around the world celebrate March 17 in creative ways.
Many countries hold Saint Patrick's Day parades. Famous monuments, including the Great Wall of China, the Colosseum in Rome, the Niagara Falls, and the Gateway of India in Mumbai will all be colored by green light for the day.
The U.S. is especially famous for its Saint Patrick's Day celebrations. Many cities with large ethnic Irish communities, like Boston, New York and Chicago, hold parades and parties. Cities will also color local rivers green for the day.
Ireland is known as the Emerald Isle. The country is covered in deep green grass.
Cronin says that the worldwide popularity of Saint Patrick's Day has helped the Irish government, which uses the holiday as a form of diplomacy.
So what you have is this quite remarkable day where literally over much of the globe, everybody, whether they're Irish or not, the one thing they do know is the 17th of March is Saint Patrick's Day. And for a small island of 4.5 to 5 million people it's quite remarkable that they have that kind of soft power.
However, Cronin says many modern Saint Patrick's Day traditions were invented by the Irish in America.
In the U.S. on Saint Patrick's Day, it is common for Americans to drink green beer or eat corned beef and cabbage.
However, Cronin, says, many of these traditions are not really Irish.
You could walk around the streets of Dublin all day and not find any corned beef and cabbage, he said.
Neil O'Flaherty, an Irish citizen now living in the U.S., agrees.
Growing up in a small town in Ireland, O'Flaherty remembers celebrating Saint Patrick's Day much differently than it is now.
Back then, for Catholic families, it was the day you had to go to church, you were required to go to Mass on that day. It had much more the feeling of a religious holiday than a public holiday.
He also remembers everyone wearing small, three-leaf plant pieces, called shamrocks.
O'Flaherty said that he was surprised to see how much Saint Patrick's Day in the U.S. has become linked to drinking lots of beer or other alcoholic drinks.
However, there are some Irish connections between drinking and Saint Patrick's Day.
One tradition that does come from Ireland is called drowning the shamrock. Cronin explains that this tradition involved taking the shamrock that people wore all day, and placing it in a glass of whiskey or beer before drinking it.
Professor Mike Cronin suggests it is not that important how people celebrate March 17. He calls Saint Patrick's Day "a day for everyone to be Irish."
I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.
And I'm Phil Dierking.
1.come from 来自
He's just come from the countryside.
2.be famous for 因……而著名
Switzerland is famous for its milk and cheese.
3.O'Flaherty said that he was surprised to see how much Saint Patrick's Day in the U.S. has become linked to drinking lots of beer or other alcoholic drinks.
be surprised to do sth 惊讶做某事
Tony brings Jamey to the secure room and she is surprised to see Nina alive.
A few weeks later, Joe's former psychoanalyst meets his old client inthe supermarket, and is surprised to find him looking well-rested, energetic, and cheerful.
很多美国人都视圣帕特里克节为以喝酒为主的大型派对 。但一开始这个节日在爱尔兰源起却是因为宗教，马萨诸塞大学波士顿研究爱尔兰历史的教授迈克 克罗宁(Mike Cronin)如是说道 。
爱尔兰人民基本上都信仰罗马天主教 。圣帕特里克2000多年前生活在爱尔兰 。大家都认为是他创办了爱尔兰的基督教 。
17世纪的时候，教堂为了纪念他，就设立了一个宗教节日 。3月17日是他去世的日子 。
据一位英国人表示，圣帕特里克曾在爱尔兰担任过天主教的大主教 。有个古老的故事说圣帕特里克驱走了爱尔兰所有的蛇 。
以前每到3月17日这天，每位爱尔兰人民都会默默地纪念他 。参加教堂的礼拜是那时候的主要活动 。而且大多数供应酒类的企业都会关业一天，以纪念这天 。
20世纪初，爱尔兰政府将圣帕特里克日定为官方节假日 。直到20世纪60年代的时候，爱尔兰境内的所有城镇都开始用游行伴奏音乐的方式来庆祝这个节日 。在今天的爱尔兰，圣帕特里克节已演变为历时4天的公共庆祝日，庆祝方式包括列队游行，配以音乐、美食和游戏 。
很多国家都会在这一天进行列队游行 。包括中国长城、罗马圆形大剧场、尼亚加拉大瀑布、孟买印度门在内的著名遗迹都会为了这一天而布置绿光 。
美国尤以纪念圣帕特里克节的方式而闻名于世 。很多有大量爱尔兰民族社群生活的城市，比如波士顿、纽约、芝加哥，都会列队游行并举行派对 。很多城市还会为了这个节日而将当地的河流装点为绿色 。
爱尔兰以绿宝石岛而闻名遐迩 。爱尔兰到处都是深绿色的草 。
所以，圣帕特里克节是个举世瞩目的节日，基本上全球的每个地方、每个人，无论是否属于爱尔兰，都知道3月17日是圣帕特里克节 。对于一个只有450-500万人的小岛国来说，拥有如此强大的软实力是非常令人震惊的 。
尼尔 弗莱厄蒂(Neil O'Flaherty)是居住在美国的一位爱尔兰市民，他对此表示赞同 。
以前到了这一天，天主教家庭都必须去教堂，必须在那一天做弥撒 。这一天更像是宗教节日而非法定假期 。
有个传统确实来自于爱尔兰，名作淹没三叶草 。克罗宁解释说，这个传统将人们佩戴了一整天的三叶草拿下来，放在一杯威士忌或者啤酒里，然后饮尽 。
克罗宁教授表示，其实庆祝圣帕特里克节的方式并不那么重要 。他将圣帕特里克节成为“每个人都可以成为爱尔兰人的一天 。”
凯利 让 凯利(Kelly Jean Kelly)为您播报 。
菲尔 德尔金(Phil Dierking)为您播报 。