Trump Is 'Not Backing Down' on Tariffs Plan
U.S. President Donald Trump said he is "not backing down" on his plan to raise taxes, known as tariffs, on imported steel and aluminum.
However, members of his Republican Party and leaders around the world are warning the taxes are not a good idea.
The president has said products from Canada and Mexico, two of the largest steel exporters to the U.S., would face the tax just like all other countries.
But he suggested that he might be willing to exempt the two countries if they agreed to different terms for the North American Free Trade Agreement, or NAFTA.
"No, we're not backing down," Trump said in the Oval Office during a meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. "We've had a very bad deal with Mexico, we've had a very bad deal with Canada — it's called NAFTA," Trump said.
Trump made his comments after a spokeswoman for House Speaker Paul Ryan said the Republican leader was "extremely worried" about a trade war. She added that Ryan urged the president "to not advance with this plan."
The Trump administration says the tariffs are necessary to support American industries that are important to national security.
But the president's comments and messages on Twitter have suggested that he is seeking to influence talks on NAFTA. The latest round of a nearly yearlong renegotiation effort is coming to an end this week in Mexico City.
Trump tweeted, "Tariffs on Steel and Aluminum will only come off if new & fair NAFTA agreement is signed. Also, Canada must treat our farmers much better. Highly restrictive. Mexico must do much more on stopping drugs from pouring into the U.S."
Reactions to tariffs plan
Trump's announcement last week that he would place tariffs on steel and aluminum imports unsettled the stock markets and angered allies.
The U.S. military has asked for targeted tariffs on metal imports from countries like China. It warned that tariffs on all countries would hurt national security partnerships with some countries.
But other officials supported a tariff without exceptions. Speaking on a Fox news program, White House trade adviser Peter Navarro said: "25 percent on steel, and the 10 percent on aluminum, no country exclusions — firm line in the sand."
Republican South Carolina senator Lindsey Graham said the sweeping action would let China "off the hook." He also said it would divide the U.S. and its allies.
Jean-Claude Juncker is president of the European Commission. He said the European Union could answer by taxing American goods including whiskey, blue jeans, and Harley-Davidson motorcycles.
Trump replied by threatened to tax European cars if the EU raises tariffs on American products. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross called threats from American allies "pretty trivial" and not much more than a "rounding error."
Douglas Irwin is a Dartmouth College economist. He recently published the book "Clashing Over Commerce: A History of U.S. Trade Policy."
He told the Associated Press, "Usually, all sides lose in a trade war. Trade shrinks as countries pile on barriers in an effort to remedy some grievance, with consumers paying the price."
Trump administration officials said Monday that the tariffs will be made official in the next two weeks.
1.be coming to an end 结束
I thought the world was coming to an end.
2.come off 举行；成功
In these circumstances, it is the managers who come off best.
3.trade war 贸易战争
The most important thing is to reach an agreement and to avoid a trade war.
4.raise taxes 提高税收
They also hammered away at Labor's plans to raise taxes.
5.U.S. President Donald Trump said he is "not backing down" on his plan to raise taxes, known as tariffs, on imported steel and aluminum.
backing down 放弃；让步
It's time to duel, and there's no backing down.
That strike ended with the minister backing down.
6.Trade shrinks as countries pile on barriers in an effort to remedy some grievance, with consumers paying the price."
in an effort to 为了
Mass burials are now under way in an effort to ward off an outbreak of cholera.
He finally left home in an effort to counter the tyranny of arranged marriage in the old society.
特朗普在白宫办公室会见以色列总理内塔尼亚胡时表示，“不，我们绝不让步 。我们与墨西哥、加拿大签订过非常糟糕的协议，这就是所谓的《北美自由贸易协定》 。”
特朗普发表此番评论前，众议院议长保罗·瑞安（Paul Ryan）的发言人表示，这位共和党领导人非常担心引发“贸易战” 。她补充说，瑞安敦促特朗普总统“不要推进该计划 。”
不过，特朗普在推特上发表的评论和信息表明，他正寻求影响《北美自由贸易协定》的谈判 。最近一轮为期近一年的《北美自由贸易协定》重新谈判工作将于本周在墨西哥城结束 。
特朗普在推特上称：“只有签订新的公平的贸易协定，才会取消钢铝关税 。此外，加拿大必须优待美国的农民，现今的限制过于严苛 。而墨西哥必须在阻止毒品流入美国方面做更多努力 。”
美军要求对从中国等国家进口的金属征收针对性的关税 。其警告称，对所有国家征收关税会损害与某些国家的安全伙伴关系 。
而其他官员纷纷支持征收关税 。白宫贸易顾问彼得·纳瓦罗（Peter Navarro）在福克斯新闻节目中表示：“对钢铁征收25%，对铝材征收10%的关税，没有国家例外，这是不动摇的底线 。”
南卡罗来纳州共和党参议员林赛·格雷厄姆（Lindsey Graham）表示，这项全面行动会让中国“脱险 。”他还表示，这还将导致美国与其盟国决裂 。
让-克洛德·容克（Jean-Claude Juncker）是欧盟委员会主席 。他表示，欧盟可以对美国的威士忌、牛仔裤以及哈雷-戴维森摩托车等商品征税进行应对 。
对此，特朗普回复称，如果欧盟对美国商品提高关税，美国将对欧洲汽车征税 。美国商务部长威尔伯·罗斯（Wilbur Ross）称，美国盟国的威胁“不足为患”，而且“不值一提” 。
道格拉斯·欧文（Douglas Irwin）是达特茅斯学院的经济学家 。最近他出版了新书《商业冲突：美国贸易政策历史》 。
他对美联社表示，“通常情况下，贸易战会导致两败俱伤 。随着各国纷纷设置关税壁垒来解决一些矛盾，贸易将会缩水，而消费者将付出巨大代价 。”