UNESCO Recognizes Panama's Hats
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has recognized the artisans of Panama for their woven hats.
Cultural authorities have added the pintao, or painted hat, to UNESCO's List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
"The pintao hat has become an integral part of regional outfits throughout the country worn during traditional dances and community festivities," UNESCO's statement said.
The pintao is different than the widely known "Panama hat."
The Panama hat has a wide brim. It is traditionally made in Ecuador from the straw of the toquilla palm plant. It is thought to have earned a misleading name during the Gold Rush in the 19th century. Many were sold in nearby Panama to people traveling to California in search of gold.
Artisans make the pintao by hand. They use five different plants and even a small amount of dirt to create it.
The hat industry's center is in La Pintada, a district about 170 kilometers west of Panama City.
Reinaldo Quiros is a well-known artisan and designer who sells hats out of his home. "They don't have anything (artificial), no machinery; no factory as such exists here in La Pintada," he said. "Each artisan in his own home makes the hats maintaining the techniques taught by his ancestors."
Artisans of the truly Panamanian pintao hat start with the fibers of several plants. They cure and then weave the fiber into braids. Then, they wrap the braids around a wooden form and sew it together from the crown of the hat down.
Depending on the quality of the work, some pintao hats can cost hundreds of dollars. Authorities estimate that 4,000 of La Pintada's 25,000 residents work creating or selling the hats.
Pedro Mendoza, a 50-year-old hat maker, hopes that the UNESCO recognition will help take the pintao hat beyond the country's borders.
"It's really good what's happened," he said. "The hat for us is a way of life."
I'm John Russell.
1.traveling to 前往
The idea of traveling to the moon has little attraction for me.
2.traditional dance 传统舞蹈
The book reveals the story behind this traditional dance.
3.start with 从...开始
To work out a plan, one has to start with investigation.
4.a small amount of 少量的
Melville managed to get by on a small amount of money.
5.Many were sold in nearby Panama to people traveling to California in search of gold.
in search of 寻找；搜寻
He framed this question three different ways in search of an answer.
He has had to travel the country in search of work.
6.Depending on the quality of the work, some pintao hats can cost hundreds of dollars.
Depending on 根据；取决于
I tend to have a different answer, depending on the family.
Depending on your circumstances you may wish to opt for one method or the other.
巴拿马草帽有宽帽沿 。传统的制作工艺是在厄瓜多尔用巴拿马草编制而成 。在19世纪的淘金热时期，巴拿马草帽成为一个有误导性名字 。在巴拿马附近，帽子大多出售给前往加利福尼亚的淘金者 。
手艺人亲手编制彩绘帽子 。他们利用5种植物，有时甚至需要少量泥土 。
雷纳尔多·奎罗斯是知名的手艺人和设计师，他自制自销 。他说，“这些帽子没有任何假冒或机器制造；拉平塔达地区没有工厂 。”“我们都在家中手工制作，延续着祖先传下来的手艺 。
手艺人制作的正宗巴拿马彩绘帽子是由几株植物纤维开始 。他们将这些纤维加工后编成辫子 。随后，他们把辫子缠在一个木桩上，从帽子顶部将其缝合起来 。
一些做工精良的彩绘帽子价格在数百美元不等 。据当局统计，拉平塔达25000名居民中有4000名手艺人在制作、出售帽子 。
他说：“这是个好消息 。对于我们来说，帽子是一种生活方式 。”