IOC Suspends Russia from 2018 Olympics
The International Olympic Committee, or IOC, has banned Russia from the Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea.
Some Russian athletes, however, can participate in the games as an "Olympic Athlete from Russia", or OAR.
The IOC found "systemic manipulation of the anti-doping rules and system in Russia." Doping refers to the illegal use of a drug (such as a steroid) to improve an athlete's performance.
Russian officials have denied any state involvement in the doping of athletes.
This is the first time in Olympic history that the IOC has suspended a country for doping.
The IOC had banned countries from the Olympics before, including Germany, South Africa, India, and Kuwait. Previous suspensions were for acts of war, state-sponsored discrimination, or failure to meet Olympic charter requirements.
The IOC has also stripped eleven medals, out of 33, won by Russian athletes in the Sochi Olympics.
Russian athletes can still compete in the upcoming February Olympics – if they meet certain conditions.
A panel must approve the athlete's invitation to the Olympics. The athlete must have a clean record and meet strict testing requirements.
Once approved for participation, the athletes will compete in a uniform that carries the OAR name. The Olympic anthem, instead of the Russian national anthem, will be played during ceremonies.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has previously called such conditions "a humiliation" to Russia. He has suggested that his country's athletes would not agree to compete in Pyeongchang under such circumstances.
However, at the International Association of Athletics Federations world championships in London in August, 19 Russian track-and-field athletes did compete under similar circumstances.
On December 4, Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov said that Russia was not considering a boycott of the Winter Olympics. Whether the Russian government's position will change following today's announcement remains to be seen.
I'm John Russell.
1.the Winter Olympics 冬季奥运会
She won the individual gold medal at the Winter Olympics.
2.illegal use 非法使用
Never use our address in any illegal use.
3.meet requirements 满足...要求
The company has the ability to meet requirements.
4.national anthem 国歌
As he stood on the winner's rostrum, he sang the words of the national anthem.
5.Whether the Russian government's position will change following today's announcement remains to be seen.
remains to be seen ...有待观察
It remains to be seen whether her parliamentary colleagues will agree.
It still remains to be seen whether Buchanan will be just a gadfly or a real threat to the president.
6.The Olympic anthem, instead of the Russian national anthem, will be played during ceremonies.
instead of 代替
It felt like I'd had two babies instead of one.
Instead of snacking on crisps and chocolate, nibble on celery or carrot.
国际奥委会发现，“俄罗斯存在系统性操作反兴奋剂规则和制度的行为 。”兴奋剂是指非法使用某种药物（如类固醇）来提高运动员的成绩 。
该组织此前曾禁止德国、南非、印度和科威特参加奥运会 。而禁赛的理由包括战争行为、政府支持的歧视或未能满足奥林匹克宪章的要求 。
俄罗斯运动员参赛须获得某专业小组的批准 。运动员必须有清白的记录，并且达到严格的测试要求 。
一旦获得参赛权，运动员将身穿国际奥委会标志的服装参赛 。此外，颁奖仪式上奏响的也不是俄罗斯国歌，而是国际奥委会会歌 。
此前，俄罗斯总统普京指出，这一做法是对俄罗斯的“羞辱” 。他提出，既然如此，俄罗斯运动员也不会同意参加平昌冬奥会 。
12月4日，俄罗斯总统发言人德米特里·佩斯科夫（Dmitry Peskov）表示，俄罗斯并未考虑抵制冬奥会 。不过从今日的声明来看，俄罗斯政府的立场是否会有所改变还有待观察 。