Saudi Crown Prince Detains Opponents, Expands Power
The Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia is expanding his power over the Middle East country with a reported anti-corruption campaign.
King Salman named his son Mohammed bin Salman Crown Prince in June. The 32-year-old prince replaced his cousin Mohammed bin Nayef as the next in line to be King.
There have been no public displays of opposition to the campaign within the kingdom.
But outside observers say the prince is removing opponents to expand his own power. In the Washington Post newspaper, Saudi reporter Jamal Kashoggi wrote that the Saudi royals usually share power and rule by consent.
He added, "Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman is upending this arrangement and centralizing all power within his position as crown prince."
Prominent princes arrested
Almost 50 people were detained early Sunday, including 11 princes, four government ministers and one billionaire.
A royal order on Saturday said the campaign was launched in reaction to abuses of power. The order said some officials had put their own interests above the public interest, in order to make money illegally.
A Saudi official told Reuters that the men are accused of several serious financial crimes, including bribery. The accusations could not be confirmed independently. Family members of those detained could not be reached.
The detainees are being held in hotels in the capital. And a no-fly list has been created to prevent owners of private airplanes from leaving the country.
Prince Mutaib bin Abdullah is among those detained. He has been serving as head of Saudi Arabia's National Guard. He was responsible for security in the capital and the guarding of members of the royal families.
The moves give Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman control of all Saudi security and military forces. That power has long been divided among branches of the royal family.
Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, a billionaire with holdings across the world, is also among those arrested. His holdings include shares of News Corp, Citigroup and Twitter and ownership of hotel companies.
Former Economy Minister Adel Faqieh was also arrested along with some leading Saudi businessmen. Some experts questioned the decision as these are men the kingdom was depending on for help in moving the country from an oil-based economy.
Greg Gause is a Middle East expert at Texas A&M University. He told Reuters, "It seems to run so counter to the long-term goal of foreign investment and more domestic investment and a strengthened private sector."
Other changes under the Crown Prince
Over the past year, the Crown Prince has become the decision-maker on military, foreign, economic and social policies.
His "Vision 2030" plan includes cuts in government assistance, raising taxes, sales of state property, an efficiency campaign and efforts to gain foreign investment.
Much of Saudi Arabia's largely young population has supported the plan. Older and more conservative members of Saudi society, including parts of the Al Saud royal family, were angered by the Crown Prince's quick rise to power.
Saudi Arabia recently announced it would end its ban on women drivers by June 2018. The decision is part of the Crown Prince's efforts toward social reform. Conservative clergymen with large followings have criticized movement toward such reforms.
As defense minister, Muhammad bin Salman led Saudi Arabia into a now two-year-old war in Yemen. The Saudi government says it is fighting Iran-backed Houthi militants there. The conflict has caused a dispute between Saudi Arabia and Qatar.
On Monday, Saudi Arabia said it would temporarily close all its air, land and sea ports to Yemen. The move came after Saudi forces shot down a missile fired at Riyadh.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.crown prince 王储
Bahrain's crown prince was invited but decided not to attend because of unrest in his country.
2.social reform 社会改革
He was once known as a champion of social reform.
3.defense minister 国防部长
As defense minister, she increased the number of women working in the armed forces.
4.serving as 担任
You will reside there, serving as the building superintendent.
5.The move came after Saudi forces shot down a missile fired at Riyadh.
shot down 击落
He was shot down over Denmark and spent three years in a prison camp.
They claimed to have shot down one incoming missile.
6.A royal order on Saturday said the campaign was launched in reaction to abuses of power.
in reaction to 以应对...
In reaction to his victory, leaders in Brussels and Washington were among the first to congratulate him.
People aren't adjusting everything they do in reaction to me and my actions.
萨勒曼国王于6月份任命其子穆罕默德·本·萨勒曼（Mohammed bin Salman）为王储 。这位32岁的王子取代了堂兄穆罕默德·本·纳耶夫（Mohammed bin Nayef）成为下一任国王 。
但是外界观察员表示，这位王子正排除异己来扩张权力 。沙特记者贾马尔·卡舒基（Jamal Kashoggi）在《华盛顿邮报》中写道，沙特王室一直是分享权力和民主治国 。
周六，皇室发布的一份命令称，这次逮捕行动是为了治理权力滥用 。命令中还表示，一些官员为了非法牟利，将私人利益凌驾于公共利益之上 。
一名沙特官员对路透社表示，这些人被控犯有包括行贿在内的数起严重金融犯罪 。这些指控无法独立查证 。那些被捕人员的家属也失去了联系 。
遭逮捕的人员现被关押在沙特首都的酒店内 。为防止拥有私人飞机的人逃离，沙特还列出一份禁飞名单 。
穆塔比·本·阿卜杜拉（Mutaib bin Abdullah）王子也遭到拘留 。他是沙特国民警卫队负责人，主要负责保护首都安全及皇室成员 。
萨勒曼王储利用这次行动掌握了沙特所有安全部门和军队的控制权 。而这些权力一直以来都分散在皇室的各个支系 。
同样被逮捕的还包括阿尔瓦利德·本·塔拉尔（Alwaleed bin Talal）王子，他是一位资产遍及全球的亿万富翁 。他持有新闻集团、花旗集团、推特等企业的股份，其名下还有数家酒店和公司 。
前经济部长阿德尔·法凯赫（Adel Faqieh）及一些沙特富商也被逮捕 。有专家质疑这一决定，因为沙特还指望这些人帮助国家摆脱石油经济 。
格雷格·高斯（Greg Gause）是美国德州农工大学的中东问题专家 。他告诉路透社：“这似乎与吸引外国投资、增加国内投资及强化私营部门的长期目标背道而驰 。”
他的“Vision 2030”计划包括削减政府援助、提高税收、出售国有资产、提高效率和吸引外资等措施 。
沙特绝大多数年轻人支持该计划 。而年长者和保守派及阿尔沙特王室部分成员对王储的迅速掌权而愤懑 。
最近，沙特宣布将于2018年6月废除女性驾车的禁令 。这也是王储制定的社会改革措施的一部分 。拥有大批追随者的保守派神职人员批评了这些改革措施 。
在担任国防部长时，本·萨勒曼让沙特卷入了已持续两年的也门内战 。沙特政府表示，这是在与伊朗支持的胡塞武装分子作战 。这场冲突已经挑起了沙特与卡塔尔的争端 。
周一，沙特表示将暂时关闭所有通往也门的海陆空通道 。此举是在沙特军队击落一枚射向利雅得的导弹后作出的 。