500 Years Since Martin Luther Launched Christian Reformation
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Martin Luther and his 95 Theses were trending on Google Tuesday.
It is a strange place to find Luther, who lived 500 years ago in what is now Germany. He was a Roman Catholic religious worker, who became a professor of theology.
Luther disagreed with some of the Catholic Church's teachings. He especially disliked the custom of selling indulgences. It enabled wealthy people to pay the church to free themselves of their sins. In other words, clergy could clear them of any wrongdoing or violation of Catholic teachings.
On October 31 in the year 1517, Luther reportedly left his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in the town of Wittenberg. His writings disputed the Catholic Church's power over believers. He said that one's trust in God, not actions, would lead to salvation.
Luther wrote "Why does not the pope, whose wealth today is greater than the wealth of the richest Crassus, build the basilica of Saint Peter with his own money rather than with the money of poor believers?"
Some historians question whether Luther actually did nail his theses to the door of the church. But all agree that his writings spread with the help of the printing press. His Theses became a kind of 16th century trending topic across central Europe. The Pope condemned them as conflicting with the Church's teachings.
The incident launched what became known as Reformation and led to the Protestant movement to break away from the Catholic Church.
On the 500th anniversary of Luther's act of resistance, members of German youth organizations nailed their own theses to the doors of 300 churches around Berlin.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel and others attended a religious service at Castle Church in Wittenberg. And October 31, Reformation Day, was a public holiday in all of Germany.
And that is What's Trending.
I'm Jill Robbins.
1.lead to 导致
A lack of prudence may lead to financial problems.
2.public holiday 公共假日
The government declared Easter Monday a public holiday.
3.printing press 印刷机
The printing press is a machine that can make lots of books in a short time.
4.central Europe 中欧
We have also seen extreme movements in the UK, Spain, Ireland and in central Europe.
5.Luther wrote "Why does not the pope, whose wealth today is greater than the wealth of the richest Crassus, build the basilica of Saint Peter with his own money rather than with the money of poor believers?"
rather than 退出
The zoo needed better management rather than more money.
The opposition appear to have chosen the path of cooperation rather than confrontation.
6.In other words, clergy could clear them of any wrongdoing or violation of Catholic teachings.
In other words 换言之
In other words, the system broke.
In other words, we have to build different corporate cultures and ways of working.
周二，马丁·路德（Martin Luther）和其《95条论纲》登上谷歌热搜 。
马丁·路德500年前生活在德国一处神秘的地方 。当时，他是罗马天主教的一名宗教人员，后来成为神学教授 。
路德不认可天主教堂教义中的某些观点 。他尤其反感出售赎罪卷的行为 。富人购买赎罪券来洗清自己的罪恶 。也就是说，牧师可以赦免他们所有的过错或违反天主教教义的行为 。
据传，1517年10月31日，路德在维滕堡城堡教堂的大门贴上了《95条论纲》 。他的论纲挑战了天主教堂对信徒的权威 。他认为，唯有信仰上帝才能得到救赎 。
一些历史学家对路德将论纲贴在教堂大门一事提出质疑 。不过，历史学家们一致认可，印刷机促进了该论纲的广泛传播 。《95条论纲》成为16世纪中欧的热门话题 。教皇谴责该论纲与教堂的教义相冲突 。
德国总理默克尔（Merkel）和其他官员出席了维腾堡城堡教堂举办的宗教活动 。每年10月31日的宗教改革日成为德国公共假期 。