Boy Scouts of America to Welcome Girls
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The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) has made a lot of change in recent years.
The youth organization, which formed in 1910, agreed in 2015 to accept openly gay members, as well as gay adult volunteers.
It also now lets transgender boys join.
And this week, it announced that girls will soon be permitted to join the traditionally male organization.
The BSA says it will admit girls into the Cub Scouts starting in 2018. That group is for younger children. It also announced plans to create a new program for older girls based on the Boy Scout curriculum.
The Girl Scouts of the USA is another of the country's major scouting organizations. It had tried to dissuade the Boy Scouts from making the changes.
"Girl Scouts is, and will remain, the scouting program that truly benefits U.S. girls by providing a safe space for them to learn and lead," the Girl Scouts said in a statement.
Girl Scouts officials have also suggested the move was driven partly by the BSA's need to raise more money. They say some of the group's financial problems come from past settlements it had to pay in sex-abuse cases.
Membership numbers for both groups have been falling in recent years.
Under the new plan, smaller Cub Scout groups will be either all-boys or all-girls. Larger Cub Scout groups will have the choice to remain single gender or welcome both boys and girls.
The new program for older girls is expected to start in 2019. It will let girls earn the same Eagle Scout rank that has been reached by young men who have gone on to be astronauts, senators and admirals. It is the highest level of scouting in the Boy Scouts.
The announcement made the Boy Scouts a trending topic on Twitter, Facebook and Google.
Zach Wahls is an Eagle Scout. He played an active role in pressuring the BSA to end its ban on gay members.
Wahls wrote on Twitter about the BSA's most recent move. "So proud of this organization for doing the right thing. Yet another step forward for this American icon."
But, many on social media did not support the move, including another Eagle Scout, Charlie Kirk. He tweeted, "I am an Eagle Scout. Only boys should be in Boy Scouts. Only girls should be in Girl Scouts. Don't change things that work."
Many scouting organizations in other countries already permit both girls and boys. They use gender-free names, such as Scouts Canada. But for now, the Boy Scout name will remain unchanged, BSA officials say.
Public opinion studies carried out by the Boy Scouts showed strong support for the changes among parents not currently connected to the Scouts, including Hispanic and Asian families that the group has been trying to attract.
Unlike the Boy Scouts, the Girl Scouts have kept its girls-only status for all its programs. The empowerment of girls remains at the center of its mission.
Andrea Bastiani Archibald is a psychologist who helps with the development of the Girl Scouts' programming.
She said, "We know that girls learn best in an all-girl, girl-led environment."
And that's What's Trending Today....
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.based on 基于
The selection process is based on rigorous tests of competence and experience.
2.carried out 实施
Forensic experts carried out a painstaking search of the debris.
3.social media 社交媒体
We have all witnessed the power of social media.
4.step forward 向前走
When one is in difficulty, all step forward to help.
5.The youth organization, which formed in 1910, agreed in 2015 to accept openly gay members, as well as gay adult volunteers.
as well as 也；和...一样
They visited some factories, hospitals as well as the school.
Whoever did him in removed a man who was brave as well as ruthless.
6.He played an active role in pressuring the BSA to end its ban on gay members.
play arole in 扮演...角色；起...作用
He was invited to play a role in this TV play.
The telephone simply did not play a role in doing business in China in that era.
美国童子军称，2018年起将招收女童子军，专门为幼童提供服务 。该组织还宣布将根据男童军课程表为年龄稍长的女孩制作新课程 。
女童子军是美国另一家童子军组织 。该组织曾试图劝阻美国男童子军做出这一改变 。
女童子军的工作人员还指出，男童子军的这一改变部分是因为他们需要筹资 。她们表示，过去因和解性侵案件等赔偿问题导致男童子军的财务紧张 。
根据该计划，幼童军是单一性别，要么全男孩，要么全女孩 。较年长的童军组织可以选择保持单一性别或欢迎两性 。
为较年长的女孩提供的课程将于2019年启动 。届时女孩也能获得与男孩同样的鹰级童军等级，这些男孩之后都成为宇航员、参议员和海军上将 。该称号是男童子军中的最高级别 。
扎克（Zach Wahls）是一名鹰级童军 。他在推动美国男童军解除同性恋成员禁令方面发挥了积极作用 。
扎克在推特上发文谈及美国男童子军的变革 。他表示：“我很骄傲它做出了正确的决定 。美国男童军又取得了一项进步 。”
然而，很多网友对此持有异议，包括鹰级童军查理·柯克（Charlie Kirk） 。他发推表示：“我是一位鹰级童军 。男孩加入男童军，而女孩加入女童军 。不要改变这些传统 。”
其它国家的许多童子军组织已经同时招收女孩和男孩 。他们改用中性称呼，如加拿大童子军 。而美国男童子军官员表示，目前男童子军的称呼将继续沿用 。
与男童子军不同，女童子军所有的课程回继续只对女孩开放 。女童赋权仍然是其组织的核心使命 。
Andrea Bastiani Archibald是一位心理学家，她帮助开发了女童子军的课程 。