Volvo to Go All Electric by 2019
Volvo says all its new vehicles starting in 2019 will have electric motors.
The Chinese-owned company is the first major car manufacturer to set a date for producing only electric powered vehicles.
Volvo's president, Hakan Samuelsson, said the decision was made because of the desires of today's car buyers. "People increasingly demand electrified cars, and we want to respond to our customers' current and future needs," he said.
The company said it will offer five fully electric vehicles between 2019 and 2021. Three models will carry the Volvo name. The others will be sold by Polestar, the company's business for high-end products.
Details on the future models were not immediately released.
Two other models with a 2019 launch date will have some form of hybrid system. A hybrid vehicle is one that is powered by both electricity and a traditional fuel, gasoline.
One of the new models will be a hybrid that can be connected into an outside power source to recharge the battery. A plug-in hybrid can use either gasoline or electric power. The other model, said to be a mild hybrid, creates electricity from braking power.
The company will keep selling non-electric vehicles launched before 2019.
Volvo aims to sell 1 million electrified cars by 2025.
Hakan Samuelsson says the main goal is to make the company more environmentally friendly.
"This is a clear commitment towards reducing our carbon footprint, as well as contributing to a better air quality in our cities. We are convinced that the future of Volvo is electric..."
The electric models are to be produced at Volvo factories worldwide. The company has factories in Europe and China. Volvo plans to open another plant in the American state of South Carolina.
Volvo's announcement comes as most major automakers keep investing heavily in fully electric and hybrid vehicles. The company's new Polestar brand is seen as a main competitor to American manufacturer Tesla.
Tesla just announced the sales launch of the company's much-awaited Model 3, which costs about $35,000. Tesla's chief executive officer, Elon Musk, says the company plans to be producing at least 20,000 Model 3 cars a month by December to keep up with high demand.
The German car manufacturer BMW is reportedly planning to launch an electric version of its popular 3 Series later this year. American General Motors will soon begin selling its popular Chevrolet Bolt in all U.S. states.
Audi plans to introduce a fully electric sports utility vehicle in 2018, while Ford has said it plans to launch one by 2020.
On Thursday, France announced plans to ban the sale of gasoline- and diesel-powered cars across the country by 2040.
Environment Minister Nicolas Hulot said the goal is part of a long-term plan to satisfy France's commitments under the Paris climate deal. Hulot told reporters the goal is hard to achieve. But he added that French car manufacturers already have solutions to reach the target.
I'm Bryan Lynn.
1.respond to 回应
The world community has been slow to respond to the crisis
2.seen as 被认为
He said that the deal should not be seen as a precursor to a merger.
3.carbon footprint 碳足迹
We all need to look for ways to reduce our carbon footprint.
4.as well as 也；和...一样
Whoever did him in removed a man who was brave as well as ruthless.
1.Tesla's chief executive officer, Elon Musk, says the company plans to be producing at least 20,000 Model 3 cars a month by December to keep up with high demand.
keep up with 和...保持联系；赶上
She was skipping to keep up with him.
She began to walk faster, but he lengthened his stride to keep up with her.
2."This is a clear commitment towards reducing our carbon footprint, as well as contributing to a better air quality in our cities.
air quality 空气质量
The fundamental goal of air pollution control is to improve air quality and protect public health and the environment.
It's unclear whether government vehicles have a huge negative impact on Beijing's air quality.
沃尔沃公司总裁哈坎·塞缪尔森（Hakan Samuelsson）表示，该决定是基于当今汽车消费者的意愿 。他指出：“人们对电动汽车的需求不断上升，我们必须满足当下与未来顾客的需求 。”
该公司表示，在2019年至2021年期间，公司将推出5款全电动新车型 。其中的3款车型属于沃尔沃品牌，其它车型将由该公司高端业务的Polestar品牌出售 。
2019年推出的其它两款车型将会配备某种混合动力系统 。混合动力汽车是指同时由电力和传统燃料作为驱动力的汽车 。
其中一款混合动力车型可以连接外部电源为电池充电 。这种插电式混合动力既可以使用汽油也可以使用电力 。还有一款轻度混合动力车型是通过制动发电的 。
电动车型将在全球的沃尔沃工厂投入生产 。该公司在欧洲和中国都设有工厂，他们计划在美国南卡罗来纳州再建一家工厂 。
沃尔沃的声明正值多数汽车厂商加大对全电动和混合动力汽车的投资之际 。沃尔沃的子品牌Polestar成为美国汽车制造商特斯拉的劲敌 。
特斯拉刚刚宣布备受期待的Model 3即将上市，售价约3.5万美元 。特斯拉公司首席执行官埃隆·马斯克（Elon Musk）表示，为了满足顾客需求，到今年12月份，每月会生产至少2万台Model 3 汽车 。
报道称，德国汽车制造商宝马计划推出其受欢迎的3系车型电动版 。美国通用公司将逐渐在各州出售雪佛兰Bolt 。
法国环保部长尼古拉斯·胡洛特（Nicolas Hulot）表示，该目标是为了实践《巴黎气候协议》所作承诺的长期计划之一 。胡洛特向记者表示，道阻且长 。不过他补充说，法国的汽车制造商已经商讨出合适的解决方案 。