Fear of Vaccines Blamed for US Measles Outbreak
A measles outbreak has hit the midwestern state of Minnesota, with 50 cases reported in recent weeks.
Health officials say at least 45 cases were among children in the Somali-American community in the city of Minneapolis. Nearly all of those affected were not vaccinated against measles.
Measles is a serious disease that can cause breathing problems, brain swelling, or even death. It spreads very easily among unvaccinated people.
U.S. health officials recommend that all children receive a combined vaccine to protect against measles, mumps and rubella. This combination vaccine is called MMR. But many parents in the Somali community oppose vaccinations because they believe they can cause a child to develop autism.
A 2014 study by the American Board of Family Medicine found that 35 percent of Somali parents surveyed in Minneapolis believed the MMR vaccine causes autism. Just 8 percent of non-Somalis held the same belief.
Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, or ASD, is a developmental disability. It affects a person's ability to communicate and do things with other people.
The University of Minnesota reported in a 2010 study that about one in 32 Somali children aged 7-9 in Minneapolis developed ASD. Another highly publicized study from a British researcher in 1998 linked autism to the MMR vaccination.
The 1998 study was later discredited and withdrawn by the British journal The Lancet, which reported it. Other research in recent years has failed to support the 2010 study's findings.
One major study involving 95,000 American children was released in 2015. It found no harmful link between the MMR vaccine and ASD, even in children already at higher risk for ASD.
Other American communities with low vaccination rates have also experienced measles outbreaks in recent years.
Dr. Mohamed Hagi Aden is with Regions Hospital in St. Paul, Minnesota. He told VOA's Somali Service all parents should inform themselves about the latest research suggesting no link between the MMR vaccine and autism.
The Minnesota Department of Health is taking steps to win back trust in vaccines. Two Somalis are now working with the department on outreach efforts. One visits mothers' groups, day care centers and schools to talk about vaccines. The other informs parents about autism and provides information about resources for special-needs children.
Minnesota health officials have requested $5 million in state money to deal with the measles emergency, as well as other recent outbreaks of tuberculosis and syphilis.
I'm Bryan Lynn.
1.win back 重获；赢回
The Government will have to work hard to win back the confidence of the people.
2.failed to 未能
Time and again political parties have failed to tackle this issue.
3.known as 被认为
Nothing is known as yet about what transpired at the meeting.
4.day care centers 托管中心；托儿所
In Florida, day care centers were required to pipe symphonies through their sound systems.
1.U.S. health officials recommend that all children receive a combined vaccine to protect against measles, mumps and rubella.
protect against 防御；保护
Exercise will not only lower blood pressure but possibly protect against heart attacks.
It has been claimed that wine helps protect against heart disease.
2.The Minnesota Department of Health is taking steps to win back trust in vaccines.
taking steps to 采取措施
The US will soon be taking steps to confine the conflict.
We are taking steps to prevent stream and air pollution.
卫生官员表示，其中至少45例来自明尼阿波利斯市的索马里社区 。几乎所有感染者都没有接种麻疹疫苗 。
麻疹是一种会引起呼吸道疾病、脑肿胀甚至死亡的严重疾病 。麻疹极易在未接种疫苗的人群中传播 。
美国卫生官员建议所有儿童接种麻疹、腮腺炎和风疹三合一的疫苗 。这种综合性疫苗被称为MMR 。然而，索马里社区的很多家长反对接种该疫苗，他们认为该疫苗可能会让孩子患自闭症 。
自闭症也称自闭症谱系障碍，是一种发育障碍性疾病 。自闭症会影响与他人沟通和合作的能力 。
2010年，明尼苏达州大学的一项研究显示，在明尼阿波利斯市7到9岁的索马里裔儿童中，每32人就有1人患自闭症 。1988年，英国另一份广泛报道的研究称自闭症与接种MMR疫苗有关 。
之后，该研究因可信度存疑被《柳叶刀》杂志撤回 。最近几年的其它研究也没有支持2010年的这项研究结果 。
2015年，一项涉及9.5万名美国儿童的重大研究成果公布 。研究发现MMR疫苗与自闭症之间没有任何不利关系，包括那些已经存在自闭症高风险的儿童 。
Mohamed Hagi Aden博士在明尼苏达州圣保罗市地区医院工作 。他对美国之音索马里部门表示，应该告知所有家长，最新研究表明MMR疫苗与自闭症之间并没有必然联系 。
明尼苏达州卫生部正设法恢复公众对疫苗的信任 。两名索马里人和卫生部合力进行宣传工作 。一人访问妈妈群体、托管中心和学校宣布疫苗 。另一位向家长普及自闭症相关的信息，为有特殊需求的儿童提供有关资源信息 。